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Studies

Demir & Weitekamp (2007): study US 2007

Publication

Author(s):
Demir, M.; Weitekamp, L.A.
Title:
I am So Happy Cause Today I Found My Friend: Friendship and Personality as Predictors of Happiness.
Source:
Journal of Happiness Studies, 2007, Vol. 8, 181 - 211

Investigation

Public:
University students, USA, 2007
Sample:
Non-probability accidental sample
Respondents:
N = 423
Non Response:
Assessment:
Questionnaire: paper

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Selfreport on 20 questions.

This scale consists of a number of words that describe different feelings and emotions. Read each item and mark the appropriate answer in the space next to that word. Indicate to what extend you generally feel this way, that is, how you feel on average?
A  nervous
B  distressed
C  afraid
D  jittery
E  irritable
F  upset
G  scared
H  exiled
I   ashamed
J   guilty
K  hostile
L  active
M  determined
N  inspired
O  enthusiastic
P  alert
Q  attentive
R  proud
S  strong
T  interested

Answer options:
1  very slightly or not at all
2  a little
3  moderately
4  quite a bit
5  very much

Negative affect score (NAS): A to K
Positive affect score   (PAS): L to T
Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS - NAS

Name: Watson et al's PANAS ('in general' version)
Classification:
A-BW-g-mq-v-5-g
Author's label:
Positive and Negative Affect
Remarks:
Mean: computed PA - NA = 3.82 - 2.04 in this case on a scale from -4 to +4
Page in publication:
191
Error estimates:
PA α = 0.82, NA α = 0.84
Observed distribution
Frequencies
1: 0%,   2: 0%,   3: 0%,   4: 0%,   5: 0%
Summary Statistics
On original range -4 - 4 On range 0-10
Mean:
1.70
Full text:
Selfreport on 25 questions

A  20-item PANAS
     To what extend do you feel this way right now in your life?
     Aa nervous
     Ab  distressed
     Ac  afraid
     Ad  jittery
     Ae  irritable
     Af  upset
     Ag  scared
     Ah  exiled
     Ai   ashamed
     Aj   guilty
     Ak  hostile
     Al  active
     Am  determined
     An  inspired
     Ao  enthusiastic
     Ap  alert
     Aq  attentive
     Ar  proud
     As  strong
     At  interested

B  5-item Satisfaction with Life Scale (Diener)
     Ba  In most ways my life is close to ideal
     Bb  The conditions of my life are excellent
     Bc  I am satisfied with my life
     Bd  So far, I have gotten the important things I want in life
     Be  If I could live my life over, I would change nothing
      
Answer options:
1   not at all
2  a little
3  moderately
4  quite a bit
5  very much

Computation: (Aa +..Ak) - (Al+.. At) + (Ba+ …Be)
Classification:
M-AO-m-mq-v-5-a
Author's label:
happiness
Remarks:
Aggregate happiness score by standardizing the satisfaction with life, positve and negateive affect scores and subtracting the standardized negative affect scores from the sum of standardizedsatisfaction with life and positve affect scores
Page in publication:
193
Observed distribution
Frequencies
1: 0%,   2: 0%,   3: 0%,   4: 0%,   5: 0%
Summary Statistics
On original range 1 - 5 On range 0-10
Mean:
0.07
SD:
2.30

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding Gender Sex (male vs female) Extraversion Extraverted Agreeableness Agreeable Conscientiousness Conscientious Neuroticism Neurotic Openness Open Friendship quality Satisfaction with friends Friendship conflict Conflicts with friends Number of friends Number of close friends Positive affect Current typical moods
Current positive mental health
Negative Affect Current typical moods
Scores on symptom inventories
Life satisfaction O-SL by M-AO explained variance Life-appraisals + personality + social ties