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Studies

Cunado & Pérez de Gracia (2012): study ES 2008

Publication

Author(s):
Cunado, J.; Pérez de Gracia, F.
Title:
Does Media Consumption Make Us Happy? Evidence for Spain.
Source:
Journal of Media Economics, 2012, Vol.25, 8 - 34

Investigation

Public:
15+ aged, general public, Spain, 2008
Survey name:
EU-ESS 4: 2008
Sample:
Probability multi-stage random
Respondents:
N = 2563
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
How happy are you?
1.   not happy at all
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.  absolutely happy
Classification:
O-HL-u-sq-n-10-i
Author's label:
Happiness
Page in publication:
12,15
Observed distribution
Frequencies
1: 0%,   2: 0%,   3: 0%,   4: 0%,   5: 0%,   6: 0%,   7: 0%,   8: 0%,   9: 0%,   10: 0%
Summary Statistics
On original range 1 - 10 On range 0-10
Mean:
7.63 7.37
SD:
1.63 1.81

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding Time watching tv TV watching, radio listening
Tv watching, radio listening
Age and age squared Current age (in years) Gender Sex (male vs female) Health Self ratings of mental health Income Personal income Main activity Current employment status
Unemployed involuntary
Not in labour force
Full-time home maker
Current status: retired or not
Involved in schooling or not
Education and education squared Level of school-education Marital status Married state (compared to non-married states)