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Studies

Crowley (1986): study US 1981

Publication

Author(s):
Crowley, J.E.
Title:
Longitudinal Effects of Retirement on Men's Well-Being and Health.
Source:
Journal of Business and Psychology, 1986, Vol. 1, 95 - 113

Investigation

Public:
54-69 aged men, USA, 1981
Survey name:
US-National Longitudinal Survey of Older Men 1976
Sample:
Probability stratified sample
Respondents:
N = 1200
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Self report on 10 questions:

During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....?  (yes/no)
A   Particularly excited or interested in something?
B   So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair?
C   Proud because someone complimented you on something  
     you had done?
D   Very lonely or remote from other people?
E   Pleased about having accomplished something?
F   Bored?
G   On top of the world?
H   Depressed or very unhappy?
I    That things were going your way?
J    Upset because someone criticized you?

Answer options and scoring:
yes = 1
no  = 0
Summation:
-Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I
-Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J
-Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS
Possible range: -5 to +5

Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (standard version)
Classification:
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-a
Author's label:
Well-being
Remarks:
Weighted average computed from table 3 by   WDH-team
The possible range is -5 to +5
Page in publication:
100
Observed distribution
Frequencies
1: 28%,   2: 106%   (total 134%)
Summary Statistics
On original range -5 - 5 On range 0-10
Mean:
1.75 -
SD:
- -
Full text:
Self report on single question

All things considered, how happy are you?
1  very unhappy
2  somewhat unhappy
3  somewhat happy
4  very happy
Classification:
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-k
Author's label:
global happiness
Remarks:
computed weighted average from table 2.
Page in publication:
101
Observed distribution
Frequencies
1: 1%,   2: 5%,   3: 42%,   4: 52%   (total 100%)
Summary Statistics
On original range 1 - 4 On range 0-10
Mean:
3.45 -
SD:
0.64 -

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding Reason for retirement Compulsory retirement (vs free choice)
Age at retirement
Early retirement
Reasons for retirement
Retired for heath reasons
Retired Current status: retired or not