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Studies

Cropanzano & Wright (1999): study US 1992

Publication

Author(s):
Cropanzano, R.; Wright, T.A.
Title:
A 5-Year Study of Change in the Relationship Between Well-Being and Job Performance.
Source:
Consulting Psychology Journal: Practice and Research, 1999, Vol. 51, 252 - 265

Investigation

Public:
Social welfare professionals, United States, followed 5 years 1992-1997
Survey name:
Unnamed study
Sample:
Sampling not reported
Respondents:
N = 60
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Self report on 8 questions:

"Here is a list that describes some of the ways people feel at different times. How often do you feel each of these ways?"
A  Very lonely or remote from other people
B  Depressed or very unhappy
C  Bored
D  So restless you couldn't sit long in a chair
E  Vaguely uneasy about something without knowing why
F  On top of the world
G  Particularly excited or interested in something
H  Pleased about having accomplished something

Answer options:
0  never
1  sometimes
3  often
Summation:
Positive Affect Score (PAS): summed scores on F, G, H
Negative Affect Score (NAS): summed scores on A, B, C, D, E
Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS

Possible range  -15 to +9
Transformed to a 7 point scale, where 1 is all or almost all positive feelings and 7 is all or almost all negative feelings.
1 = neg 0-1 and pos 7-9
2 = neg 0-1 and pos 4-6
2 = neg 2-3 and pos 7-9
3 = neg 0-1 and pos 3
3 = neg 2-3 and pos 4-6
3 = neg 4-5 and pos 7-9
4 = neg 0-1 and pos 0-2
4 = neg 2-3 and pos 3
4 = neg 4-5 and pos 4-6
4 = neg 6-15 and pos 7-9
5 = neg 2-3 and pos 0-2
5 = neg 4-5 and pos 3
5 = neg 6-15 and pos 4-6
6 = neg 4-5 and pos 0-2
6 = neg 6-15 and pos 3
7 = neg 6-15 and pos 0-2

Name: Berkman modified variation of Bradburn's `Affect Balance Scale'
Classification:
A-BB-g-mq-v-3-a
Author's label:
Psychological well-being
Remarks:
Mean indicates average of well-being at Times 1,2,3 and 4; SD not available
Page in publication:
257
Observed distribution
Summary Statistics
On original range 1 - 7 On range 0-10
Mean:
3.50 -
SD:
- -

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding Job performance Earlier work-performance
Change in work-performance
Later work-performance
Supervisor rating of job performance
Support Supervisor rating of attentiveness
Later attentiveness
Work facilitation Supervisor rating of organization of work
Later organization of work
Team building Solidary, cooperative
Supervisor rating of social functioning at work
Later social functioning at work
Goal emphasis Supervisor rating of goal emphasis
Later goal emphasis
Wellbeing Recent happiness (< 1 year ago)
Past happiness ( 1 to 10 years ago)
Wave Ageing