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Studies

Crnic et al. (1984): study US 1981

Publication

Author(s):
Crnic, K.A.; Greenberg, M.T.; Ragozin, A.S.; Robinson, N.M.
Title:
Maternal Stress and Social Support: Effects on the Mother-Infant Relationship from Birth to Eighteen Months.
Source:
American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 1984, Vol. 54, 224 - 235

Investigation

Public:
Mother-child pairs, followed 18 months after birth, USA, 1981-82
Sample:
Sampling not reported
Respondents:
N = 105
Non Response:
Attrition at T2: 10%, at T3: 14%
Assessment:
Multiple methods
Structured interview/questionnaire/laboratory observation

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Selfreport on single  question:

"When you take everything into consideration, your child, your adult life, etc, how would you describe your current life situation.....?'
1  things are very bad right now
2
3
4
5  things are very good
(Response options not fully reported)
Classification:
O-QLS-c-sq-v-5-a
Error estimates:
Retest reliability: after two weeks: r= +.82, after 8 months : r= +.61, after 18 months: r= +.51
Observed distribution
Frequencies
1: 0%,   2: 0%,   3: 0%,   4: 0%,   5: 0%
Summary Statistics
On original range 1 - 5 On range 0-10
Mean:
3.40 6.00
SD:
0.97

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding Age Current age (in years) Community support Earlier support received Demographic situation Summed effect of earlier conditions
Summed later-life conditions
Socio-demographic + life-events
Education Level of school-education Joint effects Summed effect of earlier conditions
Summed later-life conditions
Socio-demographic + life-events + social ties
Number of children Attitudinal stability
Number of children
Past happiness Recent happiness (< 1 year ago)
Birth sequala
Premature birth Earlier characteristics of one's children
Handicap/health of one's children
Receipt of public assistance Welfare Social support from intimates Current social support received Stress Burden of earlier life-events