Costa et al. (1987a): study US 1971 /1
- Costa, P.T.; McCrae, R.R.; Zonderman, A.B.
- Longitudinal Analyses of Psychological Well-Being in a National Sample: Stability of Mean Levels.
- Journal of Gerontology, 1987, Vol. 42, 50 - 55
- 25-74 aged, USA, samples in 1971-75 and 1981-84
- Probability stratified sample
- N = 11899
- Non Response
Questionnaire: Paper & Pencil Interview (PAPI)
A booklet completed by participants with help from interviewers if required.
Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings
- Full text:
Self report on 8 questions
A Have you been under or felt you were under any strain, stress or pressure during the past month?
B Have you been anxious, worried, or upset during the past month?
C Have you been feeling emotionally stable and sure of yourself, during the past month?
D How relaxed or tense have you been during the past month?
E How depressed or cheerful have you been, during the past month?
F How have you been feeling in general during the past month?
G How happy, satisfied or pleased have you been with your personal life, during the past month?
H How much energy, pep, vitality have you felt, during the past month?
Rating: 0-5 scale with verbally labeled response options
Computation: (C+F+G+H) - (A+B+D+E)
Name: Shortened General Wellbeing Schedule (GWB)
- Author's label:
- General well-being schedule
- Page in publication:
Time trend of happiness in age categories
Trend average happiness in age groups
Trend average happiness in males /females
Trend average happiness in Unites States of America