Constantinople (1967): study US NewYork 1966
- Constantinople, A.P.
- Perceived Instrumentality of the College as a Measure of Attitudes toward College.
- Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1967, Vol. 5, 196 - 201
- University students, Rochester, USA, 1966
- Non-probability purposive sample
- N = 165
- Non Response
Questionnaire: Paper & Pencil Interview (PAPI)
Two questionaires were used; one in the classroom and one at home; during the first 2 weeks of March.
Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings
- Full text:
Self report on single question:
In thinking over the past year, indicate how elated or depressed, happy or unhappy you have felt in the last year?
10 Complete elation, rapturous joy and soaring ecstasy
9 Very elated and in very high spirits. Tremendous delight
8 Elated and in high spirits.
7 Feeling very good and cheerful.
6 Feeling pretty good , "OK".
5 Feeling a little bit low. Just so-so.
4 Spirits low and somewhat "blue".
3 Depressed and feeling very low. Definitely "blue".
2 Tremendously depressed.
Feeling terrible, really miserable, "just awful".
1 Utter depression and gloom. Completely down.
All is black and leaden. Wish it were all over.
- Author's label:
- level of happiness
- Page in publication:
- Error estimates:
- Test-retest reliability of this measure with 6 weeks between administration was .85 (N=150).