Constantinople (1965): study US 1965
- Constantinople, A.P.
- Some Correlates of Happiness and Unhappiness in College Students.
- Unpublished Doctoral Dissertation, 1965, University of Rochester, USA
- College students, University of Rochester, USA, 196?
- N = 952
- Non Response
- 30% (take home questionnaire).
Questionnaires completed in c lass and at home
Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings
- Full text:
Self report on single question:
In thinking over the past year, indicate how elated or depressed, happy or unhappy you have felt in the last year?
10 Complete elation, rapturous joy and soaring ecstasy
9 Very elated and in very high spirits. Tremendous delight
8 Elated and in high spirits.
7 Feeling very good and cheerful.
6 Feeling pretty good , "OK".
5 Feeling a little bit low. Just so-so.
4 Spirits low and somewhat "blue".
3 Depressed and feeling very low. Definitely "blue".
2 Tremendously depressed.
Feeling terrible, really miserable, "just awful".
1 Utter depression and gloom. Completely down.
All is black and leaden. Wish it were all over.
- Author's label:
- Error estimates:
- Reliability: Retest-reliability: In pilot study (N = 152): r=+.85 between two administrations of the scale occurring two weeks apart. Validity: Congruent validity: In pilot study (N=152) correlations of the instrument with the Nowlis (1965) MACL surgency plus Elation factors administered 4 times were +.30 for males and +.48 for females. In the same pilot study correlations with the Marlowe-Crowne Social Desirability scale were +.02 (ns) for males and +.20 (ns) for females.
- Observed distribution
- Summary Statistics
- On original range 1 - 10 On range 0-10
- 5.90 5.40
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