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Studies

Choi (2011): study NL 2009

Publication

Author(s):
Choi, Y.W.
Title:
Pathways to Happiness.
Source:
Thesis University of Nijmegen, 2011, Netherlands

Investigation

Public:
Participants in a 9 day meditation retreat and controls, Netherlands, 2009
Survey name:
Unnamed study
Sample:
Non-probability self-selected
Respondents:
N = 26
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face
7 minute structured interviews, videotaped for later content-analysis

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Ratings made by trained students from video taped interviews on...
A:  Cheerful appearance
      rated on 7 step faces scale  
B:  Happiness:  I think this person is happy
      1 strongly disagree
      :
      10 strongly agree
C: Life satisfaction: I think this person looks satisfied
      1 strongly disagree
      :
      10 strongly agree

Computation: A+B+C
Classification:
A-CA-m-rc-nvt-24-a
Author's label:
happiness, perceived by outside observer
Remarks:
Ratings made by 50 psychology students for study credit. The same person was not rated twice by the same rater.

The video tap[ed interviews of meditators and controls lasted about 7 minutes and involved the following topics:
a: introdicing one self
b: life in the last year and hobbies
c: the weather of the current day and one's activities that day
All interview were made in the same room and camera framed chest up
Page in publication:
70
Error estimates:
Cronbach alpha. =.98
Full text:
Self report on 4 questions, full texts not reported

A: Which (of the faces) best described how you feel at the
    present moment?
     7  completely happy
     6
     5
    4  neither happy nor unhappy
    3
    2
    1  completely unhappy
B: Which (of the faces) best described how you feel in
     general?
     7  completely happy
     6
     5
    4  neither happy nor unhappy
    3
    2
    1  completely unhappy
C: Taking all things together, would you say you are.....?
     4  very happy
     3  quite happy
     2  not very happy
     1  not at all happy.
D  All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life as-a-whole these days?
    1   dissatisfied
    2
    3
    4
    5
    6
    7
    8
    9
    10  satisfied

Computation: A+B+C+D
Classification:
M-AO---mq-nvt-24-a
Author's label:
happiness, selfreported
Remarks:
T1 Mean: Meditators 20,77, Controls: 21,92
Page in publication:
70
Observed distribution
Frequencies
1: 0%,   2: 0%,   3: 0%,   4: 0%,   5: 0%,   6: 0%,   7: 0%,   8: 0%,   9: 0%,   10: 0%,   11: 0%,   12: 0%,   13: 0%,   14: 0%,   15: 0%,   16: 0%,   17: 0%,   18: 0%,   19: 0%,   20: 0%,   21: 0%,   22: 0%,   23: 0%,   24: 0%
Summary Statistics
On original range 4 - 28 On range 0-10
Mean:
21.35
Full text:
Selfreport on 10 questions:

During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....?  (yes/no)
A   Particularly excited or interested in something?
B   So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair?
C   Proud because someone complimented you on something  
     you had done?
D   Very lonely or remote from other people?
E   Pleased about having accomplished something?
F   Bored?
G   On top of the world?
H   Depressed or very unhappy?
I    That things were going your way?
J    Upset because someone criticized you?

Answer options and scoring:
yes = 1
no  = 0
Summation:
-Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I
-Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J
-Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS
Possible range: -5 to +5

Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (standard version)
Classification:
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-a
Author's label:
Positive and Negative affect; selfreport
Page in publication:
70

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding 9 day vipassana meditation retreat Meditation, mindfullness
Meditating,praying
Actual changes in happiness
Current meditation
Perceived sources of one's own happiness
Exercise
Voluntary, unsolicited
Mono sort
Multiple treatment moments