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Studies

Chason (1975): study US 1974

Publication

Author(s):
Chason, K.J.
Title:
A Comparison of Social Interest among Service-Oriented Professionals, Prisoners and Psychiatric Patients.
Source:
Unpublished PhD Dissertation, Florida State University, 1975, USA

Investigation

Public:
Prisoners and comparison groups, 1974, USA
Sample:
Mixed samples
Respondents:
N = 419
Non Response:
33.3%
Assessment:
Questionnaire: paper
Prisoners: Questionnaire introduced and explained by interviewer, and filled them out anonimously. Patients: Questionnaire introduced by classroom teachers, and were completed in class. Service Oriented Professionals: Mailed questionnaire. General populations: Mailed questionnaire.

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Selfreport on single question:

Taking all things together, how would you say you are these days?  Would you say you are..........?
3   very happy
2   pretty happy
1   not too happy
Classification:
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-ad
Author's label:
Prisoners
Remarks:
Prisoners: M = 1.32
Comparison groups:  Psychiatric patients: M = 1.76 ; Service Oriented Professionals M = 2.23,; General Population M = 2.25
Page in publication:
87
Observed distribution
Frequencies
1: 33.9%,   2: 43.3%,   3: 22.9%   (total 100.1%)
Summary Statistics
On original range 1 - 3 On range 0-10
Mean:
1.89
SD:
0.75
Full text:
Selfreport on single question:

In general how satisfying do you find the way you are spending your life these days. Would you call it.....?
3  completely satisfying
2  pretty satisfying
1  not very satisfying
Classification:
O-SLL-c-sq-v-3-a
Remarks:
Prisoners: M = 1.23;
Comparison groups: Psychiatric patients: M = 1.86 ; Service Oriented Professionals M = 2.19 ; General Population M = 2.22
Page in publication:
88
Observed distribution
Frequencies
1: 36.3%,   2: 44.1%,   3: 19.6%   (total 100%)
Summary Statistics
On original range 1 - 3 On range 0-10
Mean:
1.83 6.20
SD:
0.73 2.19

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding Prisoners vs. Comparison Groups Current imprisonment
Kind of occupation (profession)
In mental hospital
Living in a prison
Living in a mental hospital
Current general mental health
Earlier criminal behaviour