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Studies

Cargan et al. (1989): study ZZ East-West pairs 1987

Publication

Author(s):
Cargan, L.; Hamura, S.; Sakai, T.
Title:
Leisure Time and Happiness: A Crosscultural Comparison of East and West.
Source:
Unpublished Paper, Wright State University, 1989, USA

Investigation

Public:
21+ aged, married, Japan and USA, 1987
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 400
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face
USA: face to face interview, Japan: highly structured questionnaire

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Selfreport on single  question:

"How happy are you most of the time.....?"
3  happy
2  neither happy nor unhappy
1  unhappy
Classification:
M-TH-g-sq-v-3-a
Author's label:
Happiness
Remarks:
Japan: M= 2.79   Ms'= 8.95   SD= .54
USA:   M= 2.84   Ms'= 9.2      SD= .5

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding Male sex Sex (male vs female) Nationality Comparison of specific social categories in nations