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Studies

Callan (1986): study US California 1981

Publication

Author(s):
Callan, V.J.
Title:
Single Women, Voluntary Childlessness and Perception about Life and Marriage.
Source:
Journal of Biosocial Science, 1986, Vol. 18, 479 - 487

Investigation

Public:
Intentionally childless and intentionally parents, California, USA, 198?
Survey name:
Unnamed study
Sample:
Non-probability purposive sample
Respondents:
N = 76
Non Response:
Assessment:
Questionnaire: paper
not reported, assumed

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Selfreport on single question:

…satisfaction with life .. (full text not reported)
1  not at all satisfied
2  not very satisfied
3  fairly satisfied
4  very satisfied
Classification:
O-SL?-?-sq-v-4-d
Remarks:
Overall mean calculated by WDH staff
Observed distribution
Frequencies
1: 0%,   2: 0%,   3: 0%,   4: 0%
Summary Statistics
On original range 1 - 4 On range 0-10
Mean:
3.53

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding Childless vs Parents Ever had children (vs not)
Current parental status