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Studies

Callan (1986): study AU 1986

Publication

Author(s):
Callan, V.J.
Title:
Single Women, Voluntary Childlessness and Perception about Life and Marriage.
Source:
Journal of Biosocial Science, 1986, Vol. 18, 479 - 487

Investigation

Public:
About 20 aged single women Australia, 1986
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 102
Non Response:
Assessment:
Questionnaire: paper

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Selfreport on 10 questions:

"During the past weeks did you ever feel...?"

A  Particularly excited, or interested in something?
B  So restless that you could not sit long in a chair?
C  Proud because someone complimented you on something   
you had done?
D  Very lonely or remote from people?
E  Pleased about having accomplished something?
F  Bored?
G  On top of the world?
H  Depressed?
I   That things were going your way?
J   Upset because someone criticized you?  

Response options: yes/no
If yes:  "How often during the past week did you feel so?"
5 all the time
4 mostly
3 often
2 rarely
1 never
0 no

Summation:
Positive Affect Score (PAS): summed scores on  A, C, E, G, I
Negative Affect Score (NAS): summed scores on  B, D, F, H, J
Affect Balance Score  (ABS): PAS minus NAS

Possible range -50 to +50

Name: Bradburn's `Affect Balance  Scale' (modified version)
Classification:
A-BB-cw-mq-v-5-a
Author's label:
Subjective wellbeing
Remarks:
Positive affect:   range 0-20   M = 15.4
Negative affect: range 0-20   M = 10.0
ABS computed by WDH team
Observed distribution
Frequencies
1: 0%,   2: 0%,   3: 0%,   4: 0%,   5: 0%
Summary Statistics
On original range -50 - 50 On range 0-10
Mean:
5.40
Full text:
Selfreport on single question:

"How do you feel about your life as a whole?"
1   not very satisfied
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9   very satisfied
Classification:
O-SLW-u-sq-?-9-a
Author's label:
Satisfaction with life as a whole.
Observed distribution
Frequencies
1: 0%,   2: 0%,   3: 0%,   4: 0%,   5: 0%,   6: 0%,   7: 0%,   8: 0%,   9: 0%
Summary Statistics
On original range 1 - 9 On range 0-10
Mean:
6.43 6.60

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding Wanting children Current want for children