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Studies

Bulatao (1973): study PH Manila 1972

Publication

Author(s):
Bulatao, R.A.
Title:
Measures of Happiness among Manila Residents.
Source:
Philippine Sociological Review, 1973, Vol. 21, 229 - 238

Investigation

Public:
21+ aged, general public, Metro Manila, Philippines, 1972
Survey name:
Unnamed study
Sample:
Probability multi-stage random
Respondents:
N = 941
Non Response:
-
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face
Structured interview

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Selfreport on single question:

Considering everything that has happened to you recently, how would you say things are with you - would you say you are.....?
3  very happy
2  pretty happy
1  not too happy
Classification:
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-f
Author's label:
Happiness
Observed distribution
Frequencies
1: 30%,   2: 56%,   3: 15%   (total 101%)
Summary Statistics
On original range 1 - 3 On range 0-10
Mean:
2.17 5.90
Full text:
Selfreport on single question:

Here is a picture of a ladder. Suppose we say that the top of the ladder represents the best possible life for you and the  bottom represents the worst possible life for you. Where on the ladder do you feel you personally stand at the present time?   
[  10  ]  best possible life
[    9  ]
[    8  ]
[    7  ]
[    6  ]
[    5  ]
[    4  ]
[    3  ]
[    2  ]
[    1  ]
[    0  ]  worst possible life
                          
                                                                                
Preceded by 1)  open questions about what the respondent imagines as the best possible life and the worst possible life. 2) ratings on the ladder of one's life five years ago and  where on the ladder one expects to stand five years from now.

Name: Cantril's self anchoring ladder rating of life (original)
Classification:
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-a
Author's label:
Happiness
Observed distribution
Frequencies
1: 2%,   2: 2%,   3: 5%,   4: 9%,   5: 14%,   6: 29%,   7: 14%,   8: 13%,   9: 8%,   10: 2%,   11: 2%   (total 100%)
Summary Statistics
On original range 0 - 10 On range 0-10
Mean:
5.17 5.17
SD:
1.99 1.99
Full text:
Selfreport on 8 questions:

"During the past week, did you ever feel.....?"
A  Particularly interested in or excited about something
B  Pleased about having accomplished something
C  On top of the world
D  Pity for some people you know
E  Helpless, with no control over situations
F   Bored
G   Vaguely uneasy about something without knowing why
H   Angry about something that usually wouldn't bother you

Rating  options:
0  never
1  once
2  several times
3  often



Summation: Factorially derived clusters:
A+B+C+D (Enhancement)
E+F+G+H (Discomfort)
Affect Balance Score: Enhancement minus Discomfort.

Possible range: + 16 to - 16

Name: Bradburn's `Affect Balance scale' (modified version)
Classification:
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-b
Author's label:
feelings
Remarks:
ABS conputed by WDH team:  PA: (2.4) - NA (2.1)
Page in publication:
232
Observed distribution
Frequencies
1: 0%,   2: 0%,   3: 0%,   4: 0%
Summary Statistics
On original range -16 - 16 On range 0-10
Mean:
0.30

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding Loneliness Feeling down (vs not) Age Current age (in years) Educational level Level of school-education Happiness O-HL by C-BW Enhancement Feeling elated (vs not) Discomfort Feeling down (vs not) Change orientation Wish to change life Household income Household income Going to the movies Culture Eating in restaurants Eating/drinking out Betting or gambling Lottery playing Reading newspapers Reading Frequency of shopping Shopping Estimate of changes of being robbed Perceived safety in vinicity
Perceived chance of becoming victim
Living conditions inthe neighbourhood Attitude to neighborhood Marital status Married state (compared to non-married states) Going to church Participation in church Marital happiness Satisfaction with marriage Attending parties Attendance of parties Participating in sports Active involvement in sports Employed status Current employment status