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Studies

Brunstein et al. (1998): study DE 1993

Publication

Author(s):
Brunstein, J.C.; Grässmann, R.; Schultheiss, O.C.
Title:
Personal Goals and Emotional Well-Being: The Moderating Role of Motive Dispositions.
Source:
Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1998, Vol. 75, 494 - 508

Investigation

Public:
University students, Erlangen, Germany,199?
Sample:
Non-probability sample (unspecified)
Respondents:
N = 98
Non Response:
Assessment:
Questionnaire: paper
And structured mood diary.

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Selfreport on 8 questions:

..how frequent one experienced in the past half day..
A  happy
B  joyful
C  contented
D cheerful
E frustrated
F sad
G depressed
H dissatisfied

Rated 1: scarcely … 5: very frequently

Summation: (A+B+C+D) - (E+F+G+H)

Name: adapted from UWIST mood adjective checklist (Mathews et. al. 1990)
Classification:
A-AB-mp-mq-n-5-a
Author's label:
Initial emotional wellbeing
Remarks:
Assessed in the first session
Page in publication:
497-498
Error estimates:
Cronbach alpha = .80
Observed distribution
Frequencies
1: 0%,   2: 0%,   3: 0%,   4: 0%,   5: 0%
Summary Statistics
On original range 1 - 5 On range 0-10
Mean:
4.62
SD:
5.11
Full text:
Selfreport on 8 questions repeated every second day during 2 weeks:

..how frequent one experienced in the past half day..
A  happy
B  joyful
C  contented
D cheerful
E frustrated
F sad
G depressed
H dissatisfied

Rated 1: scarcely … 5: very frequently

Summation: (A+B+C+D) - (E+F+G+H)

Name: adapted from UWIST mood adjective checklist (Mathews et. al. 1990)
Classification:
A-AB-mp-mqr-n-5-a
Author's label:
Daily emotional wellbeing
Remarks:
Average of 12 observations: two times in every second day for 2 weeks (6 days*2 administrations= 12 occasions)
Page in publication:
497-498
Error estimates:
Cronbach alpha = .92
Observed distribution
Frequencies
1: 0%,   2: 0%,   3: 0%,   4: 0%,   5: 0%
Summary Statistics
On original range 1 - 5 On range 0-10
Mean:
5.57
SD:
3.65

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding Predominant motive disposition: agentic over communal Current motivation Agentic need Current motivation Communal need Current motivation Progress in agentic goals Perceived realization of life-goals Progress in communal goals Perceived realization of life-goals Daily emotional well being A-AB by A-ARE
Recent happiness (< 1 year ago)