Brunstein et al. (1998): study DE 1993 /1


Brunstein, J.C.; Grässmann, R.; Schultheiss, O.C.
Personal Goals and Emotional Well-Being: The Moderating Role of Motive Dispositions.
Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1998, Vol. 75, 494 - 508


University students, Germany, 199?, followed 4 month
Non-probability accidental sample
N = 127
Non Response
Questionnaire: Paper & Pencil Interview (PAPI)
Questionaires in class at T1 and by mail at home at T2, T3 and T4. T1 + T2: Assesment of motivation with Picture Story Excercise. Next Ss listed two agentic goals and two communal goals they intended to pursue thoughout the current semester. Ss also rated their commitment of these goals and their attainability. T3+4: Ss rated how much progress they had made in achieving the goals listed at T1. Mood adjective checlist administrated at T1, T2, T3 and T4

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Self report on 12 questions: frequent one experienced moods in the past week..
A  happy
B  joyful
C  contented
D cheerful
E  pleasant
F  elated
G  frustrated
H  sad
I   depressed
J  dissatisfied
K  gloomy
L  dejected

Rated 1: scarcely … 5: very frequently

Summation: (A+B+C+D+ E+ F) - (G+H+I+J+K+L)

Name: adapted from UWIST mood adjective checklist (Mathews et. al. 1990)
Author's label:
Emotional Well Being
Assessed  at T1, T2, T3 and T4 . Ss were asked to rate their mood in the week before

T1+2 (initial mood) : M = 6,10;  SD = 6,91
T3+4 (final mood)  : M = 6,72;  SD = 6,82
Page in publication:
501, 502
Error estimates:
Cronbach alpha: at T1: .89, at T2: .94
Observed distribution
Summary Statistics
On original range -25 - 25 On range 0-10
6.41 -
6.88 -

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding Predominant motive disposition Current motivation Agentic need Current motivation Communal need Current motivation Commitment to agentic goals Involvement in life-goals Commitment to communal goals LIFE GOALS Perceived attainability of agentic goals Perceived chances for realization Perceived attainability of communal goals Perceived chances for realization Agentic goal progress Perceived realization of specific life-goals Communal goals progress Children as planned Emotional wellbeing Recent happiness (< 1 year ago)