print

Studies

Brown et al. (2009a): study US 2006

Publication

Author(s):
Brown, K.W.; Kasser, T.; Ryan, R.M.
Title:
When what One has is Enough: Mindfulness, Financial Desire Discrepancy, and Subjective Well-Being.
Source:
Journal of Research in Personality, 2009, Vol. 43, 727 - 736

Investigation

Public:
Participants in a mindfulness meditation course, USA, 200?
Survey name:
Unnamed study
Sample:
Non-probability self-selected
Respondents:
N = 69
Non Response:
Assessment:
Questionnaire: paper
completed in a 1-hour single session

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Self report on 25 questions

A   Selfreport on life satisfaction on 5 questions
      a  In most ways my life is close to ideal
      b  The conditions of my life are excellent
      c  I am satisfied with my life
      d  So far, I have gotten the important things I want in life
      e  If I could live my life over, I would change nothing
      Rated: 7  strongly agree ...1  strongly disagree

B:  How do you feel on average?
     a  nervous
     b  distressed
     c  afraid
     d  jittery
     e  irritable
     f  upset
     g  scared
     h  exiled
     i   ashamed
     j   guilty
     k  hostile
     Rated: 1 very slightly or not at all ... 5  extremely

C: How do you feel on average?
    a  active
    b  determined
    c  inspired
   d  enthusiastic
   e  alert
   f  attentive
   g  proud
   h  strong
   i  interested
Rated: 1 very slightly or not at all ...5  extremely

Computation: (A + (mean C- mean B))/2

Source:
A: Diener's Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS),range 1-7
B+C: Watson's Positive and Negative affect Schedule (PANAS range -4-+4)

Scae range combined measure: -1.5 to + 5.5
Classification:
M-AO---mq-v*-7-e
Author's label:
subjective wellbeing
Remarks:
mean score prior to training
Page in publication:
733
Observed distribution
Frequencies
1: 0%,   2: 0%,   3: 0%,   4: 0%,   5: 0%,   6: 0%,   7: 0%
Summary Statistics
On original range - On range 0-10
Mean:
2.48
SD:
1.42

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding Mindfulness training and pre-test, post-test and follow-up SWB Meditation, mindfullness
Meditating,praying
Actual changes in happiness
Guided intervention
Exercise
Setting of positive psychological treatment
Voluntary, unsolicited
Current meditation
Mindfulness (MAAS) Open Mindfulness (FMI) Open Desire discrepancy Satisfaction with financial situation Personal income (log) Personal income Change in personal income past year Change in income level Change in personal income past 5 years Change in income level Household income (log) Household income Change in household income past year Change in income level Change in household income past 5 years Change in income level