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Studies

Brown et al. (1995): study US Bristol County, Massachusetts 1995

Publication

Author(s):
Brown, D.R.; Wang, Y.; Ward, A.
Title:
Chronic Psychological Effects of Exercise and Exercise plus Cognitive Strategies
Source:
Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 1995, Vol. 27, 765 - 775

Investigation

Public:
40-69 aged participants in physical training and controls,USA,1995
Survey name:
Unnamed study
Sample:
Non-probability purposive sample
Respondents:
N = 135
Non Response:
Assessment:
Questionnaire: paper
not reported, assumed questioinnaire

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Selfreport on 20 questions.

This scale consists of a number of words that describe different feelings and emotions. Read each item and mark the appropriate answer in the space next to that word. Indicate to what extend you felt this way in the past 2 weeks.
A  nervous
B  stressed out
C  afraid
D  jumpy
E  irritable
F  upset
G  scared
H ashamed
I   guilty
J  angry
K  excited
L  active
M  satisfied
N  lively
O  eager
P  alert
Q  paying good attention
R  proud
S  strong
T  interested

Answer options:
1  very slightly or not at all
2  a little
3  moderately
4  quite a bit
5  extremely

Negative affect score (NAS): A to J
Positive affect score   (PAS): K to T
Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS - NAS

Name: Watson et al's PANAS (adapted version for children)
Classification:
A-BW-cm-mq-v-5-b
Author's label:
Mood

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding Physical training during 16 weeks Body focussed training
Change in activity pattern
Change involvement in sports
Meditation, mindfullness