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Studies

Brenner (1979): study US Washington County, Maryland 1971

Publication

Author(s):
Brenner, B.
Title:
Depressed Affect as a Cause of Associated Somatic Problems.
Source:
Psychological Medicine, 1979, Vol. 9, 737 - 746

Investigation

Public:
18+ aged, general public, Washington County, USA, followed 1 to 12 months, 1971-1974
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 1755
Non Response:
Non-response: 23% Not selected for follow up: 36% Dropout: ±23 %
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face
followed by a mailed questionnaire or a re-interview.

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Selfreport on 2 questions:

"Please tell me how often you have felt this way during the past week...?"

A  I enjoyed life
B  I was happy

Answer options:
1  rarely or none of the time
2  some or a little of the time
3  occasionally or a moderate amount of time
4  most of the time

Summation: average score on A an B
Classification:
A-BBr-cw-mq-v-4-b
Author's label:
Elevated affect

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding Psychosomatic symptoms Later psycho-somatic complaints