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Studies

Brenner (1970): study US 1960

Publication

Author(s):
Brenner, B.
Title:
Social Factors in Mental Well-Being at Adolescence.
Source:
PhD Dissertation, The American University, 1970, Washington DC, USA

Investigation

Public:
Highschool pupils, New York State, USA, 1960
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 5204
Non Response:
1%
Assessment:
Questionnaire: paper

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Selfreport on single question:

On the whole, how happy would you say you are.....?
4  very happy
3  fairly happy
2  not very happy
1  very unhappy
Classification:
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-b
Author's label:
Happiness
Remarks:
35% very happy, 59% fairly happy, 6% not very happy or unhappy.
Full text:
Selfreport on single question:

"In general, how would you say you feel most of the time - in good spirits or in low spirits....?"
5  very good spirits
4  fairly good spirits
3  neither good spirits nor low spirits
2  fairly low spirits
1  very low spirits.
Classification:
A-AOL-g-sq-v-5-a
Author's label:
Usual mood
Remarks:
35% very happy, 59% fairly happy, 6% not happy.

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding Frequency of low mood Feeling down (vs not) School social class Socio-economic level of school
'Objective' socio-economic status
Educational level of mother Parents education
'Objective' socio-economic status
Disruption of family relationships Number of parents (broken home) Numbers of children in the family Number of siblings Male sex Sex (male vs female) Usual mood O-HL by A-AOL Anxiety symptoms Current mental complaints Having fun in life Pleasant (vs unpleasant) Tending to be a discouraged person Resigned
Hopeful (vs hopeless)
Having faith in people Trusting
Trust in people
Hiding true feelings Defensive Self-esteem Evaluation of self-as-a-whole Stability of self- image Change in self-image Feeling as able as others to do things Relative superiority Satisfaction with oneself Current satisfaction with self Extent of dating Involved in dating Tending to be a lonely person Perceived sufficiency of intimate contacts
Close (vs lonely)
Educational level of father 'Objective' socio-economic status
Parents education
Income level of father's occupation 'Objective' socio-economic status
Parents income
Social class 'Objective' socio-economic status
Socio-economic background (earlier for adults, current for young)
Subjective social class position Subjective social rank Perceived subjective social class position in future Expected mobility Hours spent on work for pay Working of students Presenting a false self Modest (vs supercilious)
Defensive
Sensitivity to criticism Self-conscious
Approval seeking
Sensitivity to failure Fail anxious Time spent on extra-curricular activities Extra-curricular activity
Leisure activity level
Participation in extracurricular activities Extra-curricular activity
Leisure activity level
Number of extra-curricular activities taken part in Extra-curricular activity
Leisure activity level