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Studies

Bray & Howard (1983): study US 1956

Publication

Author(s):
Bray, D.W.; Howard, A.
Title:
The AT & T Longitudinal Studies of Managers.
Source:
Schaie, K.W.; Ed.: "Longitudinal Studies of Adult Psychological Development", Guilford Press, 1983, New York, USA, 266 - 312

Investigation

Public:
40+ aged male managers, Bell Telephone Company, 1956-1980
Sample:
Non-probability purposive-quota sample
Respondents:
N = 422
Non Response:
Panel loss at T5 37%
Assessment:
Rating by experts
Expert ratings based on various methods used in assesment center

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Clinical rating by 4 experts on the basis of multi-method assessments during periodical stays in assessment center.

Rater instruction:
"To what extend does this person find pleasure in life at the present time..........?"
1  low
2
3  average
4
5  high
Classification:
M-PL-c-rc-v-5-a
Author's label:
Happiness
Page in publication:
296

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding Concern with aging Attitude to ageing (getting older)
Specific concerns
Absence of familial worries Concern about family Adjustment Expert ratings of current positive mental health Absence of financial worries Worrying about money Avocational interests Current interests
Leisure aspirations
Feelings of crisis Feeling secure (vs threatened) (In)Stability of marriage Expected change in marital status
Tensions in marital relationship
Marital satisfaction Satisfaction with marriage Career satisfaction Satisfaction with career Cynicism Cynical Concern with health Concerns about health Religious Religiosity (degree) Job satisfaction Satisfaction with work-as-a-whole Career success Advancement in current job
Social prestige of occupation
Earlier social mobility
'Objective' socio-economic status