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Studies

Blumenthal et al. (1991): study US 1985

Publication

Author(s):
Blumenthal, J.A.; Emery, C.F.; Madden, D.J.
Title:
Long-Term Effects of Exercise on Psychological Functioning in Older Men and Women.
Source:
Journal of Gerontology: Psychological Sciences, 1991, Vol. 46, 352 - 361

Investigation

Public:
60-83 aged participants in 14 month exercise training and controls,USA,1985-1987
Survey name:
US-Duke Aging and Excercise Study 1985-87
Sample:
Non-probability purposive sample
Respondents:
N = 101
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Selfreport on 10 questions:

We would like to ask you some questions about how things have been going. Please answer 'yes' if a statement is true for you and 'no' if it does not apply to you. In the past months have you been feeling
A  On top of the world?
B  In high spirits
C  Particular content with your life?
D  Lucky?
E  Bored?
F  Very lonely or remote from other people?
G  Depressed or very unhappy?
H  Flustered because you didn't know what was expected  of you?
I  Bitter about the way your life has turned out?
J Generally satisfied with the way your life has turned out?

Scoring:
2  = yes
1 = don't know
0 = no

Computation: (A+B+C+D+J) - (E+F+G+H+I) + 10
MUNSH Affect Balance Scale
Classification:
A-AB-cq-mq-v-2-a
Author's label:
Affect Balance
Remarks:
T1 average computed by WDH-team
Page in publication:
354
Observed distribution
Frequencies
1: 0%,   2: 0%
Summary Statistics
On original range 0 - 20 On range 0-10
Mean:
8.34

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding 14 months exercise training Sporting
Change in activity pattern
Change involvement in sports
Body focussed training