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Studies

Block & Zautra (1981): study US Arizona 1979

Publication

Author(s):
Block, M.; Zautra, A.J.
Title:
Satisfaction and Distress in a Community: A Test of the Effects of Life Events.
Source:
American Journal of Community Psychology, 1981, Vol. 9, 165 - 180

Investigation

Public:
General public, 3 cities, Arizona, USA, 1979
Sample:
Probability sample (unspecified)
Respondents:
N = 537
Non Response:
11 %
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face
Structured interview

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Selfreport on single question, asked twice in interview:

How do you feel about your life as a whole......?
7  delighted
6  pleased
5  mostly satisfied
4  mixed
3  mostly dissatisfied
2  unhappy
1  terrible

Summation: arithmetic mean

Name: Andrews & Withey's "Delighted-Terrible Scale" (original version)
Also known as Lehman's 'Global life satisfaction'
Classification:
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-a
Author's label:
quality of life
Page in publication:
175
Error estimates:
r=+.71,repeat reliability.
Observed distribution
Frequencies
1: 0%,   2: 0%,   3: 0%,   4: 0%,   5: 0%,   6: 0%,   7: 0%
Summary Statistics
On original range 1 - 7 On range 0-10
Mean:
2.34
SD:
0.87

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding Positive events Sum of positive life-events Negative Events Sum of negative life-events Total Life Events Summed life-events: equal weight Socially desirable events Attitudes to life-events Socially undesirable events Attitudes to life-events Positive affect Current typical moods Negative affect Current typical moods psychiatric symptoms Current specific mental disorders (icd-10 classification)