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Studies

Block (1971): study US 1936

Publication

Author(s):
Block, J.
Title:
Lives through Time.
Source:
Bancroft Books, 1971, Berkeley, USA

Investigation

Public:
Highschool pupils, followed from age 11 to 35, USA, 1936-1957
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 160
Non Response:
65% dropout, 11% incomplete data
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face
Interviews and tests

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Clinical rating of cheerfulness.

Rating on the basis of interview-protocols by 2 or 3 independent judges of cheerfulness as personality descriptive variable from most uncharacteristic to most characteristic of the subject.

Rating options: scale rating from 1  to  9 (scale options not reported)
Classification:
A-CP-g-rc-?-9-a
Author's label:
Cheerfulness
Error estimates:
Reliability: Inter-rater reliabilities: Males: T1 junior high school, age 11-14, rs=+.72 T2 senior high school, age 14-17, rs=+.79 T3 fourth decade, age 28-35, rs=+.77 Females: T1 junior high school, age 11-14, rs=+.68 T2 senior high school, age 14-17, rs=+.77 T3 fourth decade, age 28-35, rs=+.80 Validity:

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding Earlier cheerfulness Long term happiness (< 10 years ago)
Past happiness ( 1 to 10 years ago)