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Studies

Biyase & Naanwaab (2021): study ZA 2008

Publication

Author(s):
Biyase, M.; Naanwaab, C.
Title:
Rural-Urban Differences in Subjective Well-Being for South Africa: Static and Dynamic Approaches
Source:
EDWRG Working Paper Series, 2021, Nr. 3, University of Johannesburg, Economic Development and Well-Being Research Group

Investigation

Public
17+ aged general public South Africa, followed 9 years 2088-2016
Survey name
SA-NIDS
Sample
Probability multistage stratified area sample
Respondents
N = 28000
Non Response
Assessment
Questionnaire: paper

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Self report on single question:

All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life as-a-whole now.....?
1   dissatisfied
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10  satisfied
Classification:
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aa
Author's label:
Subjective well-being (SWB)
Remarks:
Distribution is related to rural sample
Page in publication:
7
Observed distribution
Frequencies
1: 3.95%,   2: 6.09%,   3: 13.93%,   4: 15.72%,   5: 20.09%,   6: 13.48%,   7: 9.46%,   8: 8.33%,   9: 2.88%,   10: 6.06%   (total 99.99%)
Summary Statistics
On original range 1 - 10 On range 0-10
Mean:
5.22 4.68
SD:
2.26 2.51

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding Rural Rural dwelling (vs urban)
Trend average happiness in urban/rural dwellers
Age Current age (in years) Education Years schooling Ethnicity Ethnic status in South Africa Culture (Language) Regional language Family status Married vs divorced
Never married
Widowed
Health Global health self-rating Gender Sexe: male (vs female) Employment Employed Household size Household members Household variables Facilities in the house Social capital variables: Religion Christian religion
Jewish religion
Muslim religion
Local traditional religion
Hindu religion
Income variables: Household income Household income Social capital variables: Crime Victim of crime Social capital variables: Trust Current trust Income variables: Relative income Change to better or worse Income variables: Expectations income Income expectations Dynamic life satisfaction Recent happiness (< 1 year ago) Income variables: Social rank Relative to income in neighborhood R squared Summed socio-demographic + health + life events