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Studies

Biswas-Diener et al. (2005): study GL 2001

Publication

Author(s):
Biswas-Diener, R.; Diener, E.; Vitterso, J.
Title:
Most People are Pretty Happy, but There is Cultural Variation:: The Inughuit, The Amish and the Maasai.
Source:
Journal of Happiness Studies, 2005, Vol. 6, 205 - 226

Investigation

Public:
Adult Inughuit, Greenland, 200?
Sample:
Non-probability accidental sample
Respondents:
N = 22
Non Response:
60
Assessment:
Experience sampling
Participants were approached 8 to 12 times at random moments during the day

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Selfreport of momentary mood on 8 questions:

Using the scale below, indicate how much you feel each of the emotions below. Put a number from 1 to 7 to accurately reflect how much  you feel that emotion RIGHT NOW.
A  worry
B  affection
C  anger
D  joy
E  sadness
F  guilt
G  contentment
H  pride

1  not at all
2  
3  
4  
5  
6  
7  extremely intense

Computation: (B+D+G+H) -  (A+C+E+F) / 8

Name: Diener's 'Affect Balance' ESM format
Classification:
A-BD2-m-mqr-n-7-a
Author's label:
Experience Sampling method
Remarks:
Mean and standard deviations stretched from range -6+6 to range -7+7 (for facilitating comparison with other indicators of happiness on range 1-7)

95 % scored above neutral.

Mean score transformed to range 0-100 above neutral is 43, which correspondes to 7,35 on our standard 0-10 scale where the neutral point is 5.
Page in publication:
213-217
Observed distribution
Frequencies
1: 0%,   2: 0%,   3: 0%,   4: 0%,   5: 0%,   6: 0%,   7: 0%
Summary Statistics
On original range -6 - 6 On range 0-10
Mean:
2.60 7.35

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding Temporary