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Studies

Bernow (1985): study SE 1982

Publication

Author(s):
Bernow, R.
Title:
Livskvaliteten i Sverige. (Quality of Life in Sweden).
Source:
Stockholm Läns Landsting, 1985, Stockholm, Sweden

Investigation

Public:
18-70 aged, general public, Sweden, 1982
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 1558
Non Response:
?
Assessment:
Questionnaire: paper
Mailed questionnaire

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Selfreport on single question, asked twice during the interview:

Are you at this moment satisfied or dissatisfied with life in general......?
7   very satisfied                          
6   for the greater part satisfied
5   rather more satisfied than dissatisfied
4   neither satisfied nor dissatisfied
3   somewhat more dissatisfied than satisfied
2   for the greater part dissatisfied
1   very dissatisfied
-    Do not know, difficult to say
Classification:
O-SLW-c-sqt-v-7-a
Author's label:
Life satisfaction (LIV III)
Page in publication:
18
Error estimates:
Reliability: Equivalence (LIV I by LIV II): r = +.81. The correlation was lower among Ss below age 20 and the lower educated. Retest after 3 - 4 weeks: r = +.57. 85% scored identical.
Observed distribution
Frequencies
1: 1%,   2: 2%,   3: 4%,   4: 6%,   5: 9%,   6: 58%,   7: 17%   (total 97%)
Summary Statistics
On original range 1 - 7 On range 0-10
Mean:
5.50 8.70
Full text:
Selfreport on single question:

Are you generally speaking happy or unhappy?
5  very happy
4  rather happy
3  neither happy nor unhappy
2  rather unhappy
1  very unhappy
Classification:
O-HL-g-sq-v-5-b
Author's label:
Lycka (happiness)
Remarks:
Originally coded: 1 = very happy.....4 = very unhappy. Reversed by WDH team
Page in publication:
12
Error estimates:
Reliability: Retest after 3 - 4 weeks: r=+.69. 98% of the scores identical.
Observed distribution
Frequencies
1: 1%,   2: 2%,   3: 18%,   4: 58%,   5: 18%   (total 97%)
Summary Statistics
On original range 1 - 5 On range 0-10
Mean:
3.90 7.25
Full text:
Selfreport on single question:

Are you at this moment satisfied or dissatisfied with your life in general?"
7  very satisfied
6  for the greater part satisfied
5  rather more satisfied than dissatisfied
4  neither satisfied nor dissatisfied
3  somewhat more satisfied than dissatisfied
2  for the greater part dissatisfied
1  dissatisfied
-   do not know, difficult to say
Classification:
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-b
Author's label:
Life satisfaction
Remarks:
Question asked at the beginning and end of the interview (Liv I and LIV II)
When asked at the beginning of the interview M = 5,7, transformed to scale 0-10 8,9
Error estimates:
Repeat reliability (same question asked at the beginning and the end of the interview) r = +.81
Observed distribution
Frequencies
1: 0%,   2: 0%,   3: 0%,   4: 0%,   5: 0%,   6: 0%,   7: 0%
Summary Statistics
On original range 1 - 7 On range 0-10
Mean:
5.50 8.60

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding Satisfaction with residence Satisfaction with housing Satisfaction with work Satisfaction with work-as-a-whole Satisfaction with time for hobbies Satisfaction with time for leisure Satisfaction with use of leisuretime Satisfaction with leisure Satisfaction with familylife Satisfaction with family-life Satisfaction with time with friends and acquiantances Satisfaction with friends Satisfaction with things done with friends/acquaint Satisfaction with friends Satisfaction with circle of friends Satisfaction with friends Satisfaction with standard of living Satisfaction with standard of living Satisfaction with opportunity to save Satisfaction with opportunity to save Satisfaction with education Satisfaction with education Satisfaction with living environment Satisfaction with local environment Satisfaction with health Satisfaction with health Life satisfaction O-HL by O-HL
Recent happiness (< 1 year ago)
O-SL by O-SL
Attitude towards 35 hour work week Attitudes to own (un)employment General health Global health rating Health problems Global health rating Psychological problems Scores on symptom inventories Appreciation of oneswork Satisfaction with aspects of work