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Studies

Berger (2013): study DE 1994

Publication

Author(s):
Berger, E.M.
Title:
Happy Working Mothers? Investigating the Effect of Maternal Employment on Life Satisfaction.
Source:
Economica, 2013, Vol. 80, 23 - 43

Investigation

Public:
Mothers, Germany, followed 15 years, 1994-2009
Survey name:
DE-SOEP combined waves
Sample:
Probability multi-stage random
Respondents:
N = 5150
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Selfreport on single question:

Taking all things together, how satisfied are you with your life these days? Please answer with the help of this scale. For instance, when you are totally satisfied with your life, please tick '10'. When you are totally unsatisfied with your life, please tick '0'. You may use all values in between to indicate that you are neither totally satisfied nor totally unsatisfied."
10 totally satisfied
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0  totally unsatisfied
Classification:
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-d
Author's label:
life satisfaction
Remarks:
mode: 8
Page in publication:
27
Observed distribution
Frequencies
1: 0%,   2: 0%,   3: 0%,   4: 0%,   5: 0%,   6: 0%,   7: 0%,   8: 0%,   9: 0%,   10: 0%,   11: 0%
Summary Statistics
On original range 0 - 10 On range 0-10
Mean:
7.05 7.05
SD:
1.69 1.69

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding Maternal employment Current employment status
Unemployed involuntary
Full-time home maker
Full-time vs part-time
Not in labour force
Part-time working of house-wives
Reasons for change in employment
Household income Current income level (unspecified)