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Studies

Becchetti et al. (2016): study ZZ Europe 2006

Publication

Author(s):
Becchetti, L.; Corrado, L.; Sama, P.
Title:
Inside the Life Satisfaction Blackbox.
Source:
World Happiness Report, 2016, Vol.2, 1 - 36

Investigation

Public:
50+ aged, general public, Europe, 2006,2007
Survey name:
SHARE
Sample:
Selection from general population sample
Respondents:
N = 30325000
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: computer assisted (CAPI)

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Selfreport on single question:

Now here are some questions concerning how satisfied - or dissatisfied - you are with various things about your life, such as your standard of living, your education etc. To indicate this, would you use this card. If you are extremely SATISFIED with something you would call of the highest number, ten. If you are extremely DISSATISFIED you would mention the lowest number, zero. If you are neither extremely satisfied nor extremely dissatisfied, you would mention some number in between zero and ten - the higher the number, the more satisfied, the lower the number the less satisfied.
How satisfied - or dissatisfied - are you with the following? Just read off the number that comes closest to how you feel.
We have talked about various parts of your life. Now taking everything into account, how satisfied or dissatisfied are you with your life as a whole?
0  dissatisfied
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 satisfied
Classification:
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-e
Author's label:
Life satisfaction
Page in publication:
4, 17
Observed distribution
Frequencies
1: 0%,   2: 0%,   3: 0%,   4: 0%,   5: 0%,   6: 0%,   7: 0%,   8: 0%,   9: 0%,   10: 0%,   11: 0%
Summary Statistics
On original range 0 - 10 On range 0-10
Mean:
7.54 7.54
SD:
1.78 1.78

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding Male Sex (male vs female) Log income Household income Education years Level of school-education Household size Current household-composition Age class Age difference among elderly Leaving inheritance Savings Marital status Married vs never married
Vs widowed
Vs divorced
Vs separated
Vs co-habiting
Number of children Number of children Number of grandchildren Grand-children Hrooms Surface of house Urban area Community size Long term illness Chronic illness Number of illnesses Number of health complaints Limited activities Degree of restriction Help to family Current support behavior Attended education Involved in schooling or not Sport social Current organizational participation Political participation Political participation in nation Participation in church Participation in church Voluntary work Voluntary work Countries Current nation of residence Age no prevent Attitude to ageing (getting older)
Degree of restriction
No out control Inner locus of control No feel left out Satisfaction with personal contacts Freedom of choice Current absence of restrictions (social freedom) No family responsibility Attitudes to family of procreation
Specific restrictions (perceived and actual)
No lack money Attitudes to own income
Specific restrictions (perceived and actual)
Life meaningful Perceived usefullness of one's life Past good Retrospective level of happiness (period unspecified) Vitality Single aspect evaluations (on criteria of good life)
Feeling energetic (vs lethargic, tired)
Opportunities Single aspect evaluations (on criteria of good life) Future good Hopeful (vs hopeless)