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Studies

Beals (1985): study US 1978

Publication

Author(s):
Beals, J.
Title:
Generational Differences in Well-being for two European Groups.
Source:
PhD Dissertation, University of Michigan, 1985, USA

Investigation

Public:
Immigrants from Europe, USA, 1978
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 844
Non Response:
-
Assessment:
Questionnaire: paper

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Selfreport in 2 questions:

A. "How satisfied are you with your life as a whole these days?"
10 completely satisfied
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2  
1
0   not at all satisfied

B. "Where would you place your life as a whole?"
Rated on a thermometer scale.
100  perfect, as good as you can imagine it being
90
80
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
0     terrible, as bad as you can imagine it being

Summation: factor loading
Classification:
O-Sum-u-mq-*-11-b
Author's label:
Cognitive Well-being
Remarks:

first generation M= 6.74  SD= 1.07           M= 6.22   SD= 1.76
second generation  M= 6.90  SD=  .99           M= 6.72   SD= 1.10
third  generation  M= 6.88  SD=  .97           M= 6.85   SD= 1.07
Total              M'=6.84                     M'=6.67
Range:  ?
Full text:
Selfreport on 2 questions:

A  "Taking all things together, how would you say things are these days? Would you say you are.....?"
1  not too happy
2  pretty happy
3  very happy

B  "How often do you feel that you are really enjoying life.....?"
1  rarely
2  now and than
3  fairly often
4  all the time

Summation: factor score
Classification:
M-AO-u-mq-*-0-a
Author's label:
Positive Affect
Remarks:
Immigrants from        Western Europe              Eastern/Southern Europe   
- first  generation      M= 2.95  SD= .81            M= 2.98  SD= .94

- second generation M= 3.24  SD= .74            M= 3.08  SD= .82

- third  generation     M= 3.27  SD= .69            M= 3.1

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding Region of origin of immigrants Ethnic status in the USA
Migration generation
Country of origin
Earlier nationality (nation of origin)
Immigrant status Migration generation Socioeconomic status 'Objective' socio-economic status Peceptions of US-life Satisfaction with life in nation in general Contacts with relatives Contacts with relatives Contacts with friends Current contacts with friends Negative affect Life-stress inventories Positive affect O-further by M-AO Joints effects Socio-demographic + life-appraisals + social ties