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Studies

Balkin (1968): study US 1964

Publication

Author(s):
Balkin, J.L.
Title:
Once More, with Feeling: Psychotherapy Revisited.
Source:
Unpublished PhD Dissertation, University of Colombia, 1968, USA

Investigation

Public:
40-50 aged, female therapy clients, followed 4 weeks, USA 196?
Sample:
Non-probability purposive sample
Respondents:
N = 100
Non Response:
Assessment:
Diary
Feelings over a period of four weeks were asessed with the Personal Feeling Scales of Wessman and Ricks.

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Selfreport on single question, repeated every evening before retiring during 3 weeks (experience sampling).

"On the average, how happy or unhappy did you feel today....?"
1   Extremely unhappy. Utterly depressed. Completely down.
2   Very unhappy. Depressed. Spirits very low.
3   Pretty unhappy. Somewhat 'blue'. Spirits down.
4   Mildly unhappy. Just a little low.
5   Barely unhappy. Just this side of neutral.
6   Barely happy. Just this side of neutral.
7   Mildly happy. Feeling fairly good and somewhat cheerful.
8   Pretty happy. Spirits high. Feeling good.
9   Very happy. Feeling really good. Elated.
10  Extremely happy. Feeling ecstatic, joyous, fantastic.

Name: Wessman & Ricks' `Elation - Depression Scale" (adapted version)
Classification:
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-a
Author's label:
Elation vs. depression
Page in publication:
71

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding Psycho-therapy Being in treatment for mental disorder (vs not)
Earlier psychological treatments
Perceived need for treatment
Therapy seeking
Readiness to seek professional care
Actual changes in happiness