Bakker & VandeBerg (1974): study NL 1968


Bakker, P.; VandeBerg, N.
Determinanten en Correlaten van Geluk.(Determinants and Correlates of Happiness).
Unpublished Thesis, Erasmus University Rotterdam, 1974, Netherlands


20-65 aged, general public, The Netherlands, 1968
N =
Non Response
34% refusal and unattainable.
Interview: face-to-face
Structured interview

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Self report on single question:

"Generally speaking are you a happy person.......?"

Responses were made on an open line scale, and were later coded in 7 categories:
1  very unhappy
7  very happy.
Author's label:
Error estimates:
signs of correlations reversed

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding Physical activity Physical activity Depression Feeling down (vs not) Educational level Current education Number of children Number of children Worries about family members Concern about family
Concern about family of relatives
Subjective health feeling Feeling healthy Recent illness Days ill Number of doctor's consults Visits to doctor Moving one's limbs easily Restrictions in moving Psycho-somatic complaints Current psycho-somatic complaints Worrying about health of self and family Concerns about health Life change Earlier life-change Doubt about meaning-fulness of own exis-tence Meaningful (vs useless) Eating habits What one eats Consumption of alcohol Use of alcohol Consumption of tobacco Use of tobacco Amount of sleep Amount of sleep Frequency of bathing Hygiene Community size Community size Subjective adapta- tion to change Self-perceived success Getting on well withother people Ability to maintain intimate contacts Giving oneself easily Ability to maintain intimate contacts Trust in other people Trusting
Trust in people
Dislike others Tendency to like people Being pregnant Pregnant Satisfaction with possibilities to pursue one's hobbies Satisfaction with leisure activities Satisfaction with daily activities Satisfaction with activity pattern Satisfaction with housing Satisfaction with housing
Build environment
Satisfaction with heighborhood Satisfaction with local environment Satisfaction with health Satisfaction with health Satisfaction with family Satisfaction with family of relatives Satisfaction with marriage Satisfaction with marriage Satisfaction with friends Satisfaction with friends Satisfaction with love life Satisfaction with current love-life
Satisfaction with sex-life
Satisfaction with S.E.S Satisfaction with own status Satisfaction with income Satisfaction with income Like to have other people around Concern about personal contacts S.E.S 'Objective' socio-economic status Social mobility_B Over/under-achievement Social mobility_A Inter-generational mobility Cluster of variables associated with neurosis Life-stress inventories
Current life-style
Cluster of variables associated with depression Life-stress inventories
Current life-style
Life change Burden of earlier life-events