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Studies

Avia & Vasques (1998): study ES 1993

Publication

Author(s):
Avia, M.D.; Vasques, C.
Title:
Optimismo Intelligente. (Wise Optimism).
Source:
Alianza Editorial, 1998, Madrid, Spain

Investigation

Public:
Adults, age range not reported, general public, Spain, 1993
Survey name:
Ruiz & Bacha 1993
Sample:
Probability sample (unspecified)
Respondents:
N = 2542
Non Response:
0
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Selfreport on single question:

Taken all things together, how satisfied are you with your life as a whole these days? On the whole, would you say you are.....?
5  very satisfied
4  satisfied
3  neither satisfied nor dissatisfied
2  dissatisfied
1  very dissatisfied
Classification:
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-g
Page in publication:
100
Observed distribution
Frequencies
1: 0.3%,   2: 3.9%,   3: 21.4%,   4: 52.7%,   5: 21.7%   (total 100%)
Summary Statistics
On original range 1 - 5 On range 0-10
Mean:
3.92 7.71
SD:
0.78 1.83