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Studies

Andrews & Withey (1976): study US 1972

Publication

Author(s):
Andrews, F.M.; Withey, S.B.
Title:
Social Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
Source:
Plenum Press, 1976, New York, USA

Investigation

Public:
18+ aged, general public, United States, 1972
Survey name:
Unnamed study
Sample:
Probability multistage stratified area sample
Respondents:
N = 1433
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Selfreport on single question, asked twice in interview:

How do you feel about your life as a whole......?
7  delighted
6  pleased
5  mostly satisfied
4  mixed
3  mostly dissatisfied
2  unhappy
1  terrible

Summation: arithmetic mean

Name: Andrews & Withey's "Delighted-Terrible Scale" (original version)
Also known as Lehman's 'Global life satisfaction'
Classification:
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-a
Author's label:
Life 3
Remarks:
Originally 14 step (summed) score reduced to 7.
Page in publication:
311
Observed distribution
Frequencies
1: 0.4%,   2: 1.1%,   3: 1.7%,   4: 7.8%,   5: 30.4%,   6: 43.1%,   7: 15.5%   (total 100%)
Summary Statistics
On original range 1 - 7 On range 0-10
Mean:
5.58 7.63
SD:
1.01 1.69