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Studies

Alden & Trew (2013): study CA 2010

Publication

Author(s):
Alden, L.E.; Trew, J.L.
Title:
If It Makes You Happy: Engaging in Kind Acts Increases Positive Affect in Socially Anxious Individuals
Source:
Emotion, 2013, Vol. 13, 64-75

Investigation

Public:
Students high in social anxiety, Canada, 2010
Survey name:
Unnamed study
Sample:
Non-probability self-selected
Respondents:
N = 126
Non Response:
Assessment:
Questionnaire: web

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Self report on 20 questions.

This scale consists of a number of words that describe different feelings and emotions. Read each item and mark the appropriate answer in the space next to that word. Indicate to what extend you feel this way during the past few days:

A  nervous
B  distressed
C  afraid
D  jittery
E  irritable
F  upset
G  scared
H  ashamed
I  guilty
J  hostile
K  excited
L  active
M  determined
N  inspired
O  enthusiastic
P  alert
Q  attentive
R  proud
S  strong
T  interested

Answer options:  
1  very slightly or not at all
2  a little
3  moderately
4  quite a bit
5  extremely

Negative affect score (NAS): A to J
Positive affect score (PAS): K to T
Affect Balance Score  (ABS): PAS - NAS

Name: Watson's PANAS ('past few days' version)
Classification:
A-BW-c-mq-v-5-c
Author's label:
Positive and negative affect schedule
Remarks:
Mean score at baseline, whole sample
Page in publication:
66
Error estimates:
Cronbach's alpha PA = 0.87-0.89 Cronbach's alpha NA = 0.83-0.85
Observed distribution
Summary Statistics
On original range -40 - 40 On range 0-10
Mean:
4.42

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding Acts of kindness / Behavorial experiments Kindness training
Mono sort
Online intervention
On invitation, paid in money or study credit
Social skill training