print

Studies

Abbey et al. (1983): study US Detroit 1984

Publication

Author(s):
Abbey, A.; Brickman, P.; Dunkel-Schetter, C.
Title:
Handling the Stress of Looking for a Job in Law School: The Relationships between Intrinsic Motivation, Internal Attributions,Relations with Others and Happiness.
Source:
Basic and Applied Social Psychology, 1983, Vol. 4, 263 - 278

Investigation

Public:
Tranquilizer users, Detroit, USA, 1984
Survey name:
Unnamed study
Sample:
Probability simple random sample
Respondents:
N = 675
Non Response:
40%
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face
4 structured interviews at 6 week intervals

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Selfreport on 5 questions, repeated every week during 24 weeks:
                                                        
A. "How do you feel about your life as a whole?"
1  terrible
2
3
4  
5  
6
7  delighted

B. "Taking all things together, how would you say things are these days?  Would you say you are........?";
3   very happy
2   pretty happy
1   not too happy
       
C. To what extent have the five areas of your  life  been what you wanted it to be? (refers to self, personal life, work life and health)
5   all
4
3
2
1  not at all

D. "How much have you really enjoyed your life as a whole?"
1   not at all,
2
3
4
5   a great deal

E. "How much has your life as a whole made you feel emotionally upset?"
1    not at all
2
3
4
5    a great deal

Summation: A+B+C+D+E
Classification:
M-ACO-cw-mq-*-20-a
Author's label:
Quality of life-as-a-whole
Error estimates:
Results suggest that stress and depression are negatively related to life quality, while internal control, performance and social support are positively related to life quality. These findings support the hyupothesis that life quality evalutations and psychosocial factors are principally concurrent phenomena. There was a tendency for positive psychological phenomena to relate most strongly to positive affect life quality and negative psychological phenomena to relate most strongly to negative affect life quality, suggesting that those are somewhat independent components of well-being.

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding Valium users Psycho-pharmacals Depression Depressive (f31-33) Technical performance Self-perceived intelligence Stress Life-stress inventories Social support Current social support received Internal control over personal life Inner locus of control Control by others over personal life Inner locus of control Anxiety Anxious Positive affect lifequality Good and bad parts of life Negative affect of life quality Good and bad parts of life Cognitive evaluation of quality of life Satisfaction with multiple domains of life
by pure indicators of contentment
Evaluation of self Satisfaction with multiple domains of life