Webb (1915): study GB 1912


Webb, E.
Character and Intelligence. An Attempt at an Exact Study of Character.
Cambridge University Press, 1915, London, UK


Male college students, England, 1912
Non-probability chunk sample
N = 194
Non Response
Behavioural observation
Ratings by staff and trained peers. Additional projective tests

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Peer rating on single question (based on contact during 6 months):

Rater instruction: "personal qualities are named and briefly annotated in this schedule. If you have any doubt as to the meaning of any of them, please ask me (investigator)
2. In the columns under each subject's name, place one of the marks for each of the qualities specified (+3, +2, +1, 0, -1, -2, -3) To avoid errors, please put the + sign as well as the -

'General tendency to be 'cheerful' (as opposed to being depressed and low spirited)
+3  very high compared to average
+2  distinctly above average
+1  slightly above average
  0  average
-1  slightly below average
-2  distinctly below average
-3  lowest as compared to average
Author's label:
General tendency to be cheerful
Page in publication:
Error estimates:
reliability: r = +.62

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding Bodily activity during business hours Physical activity
`objective` poverty
Bodily activity in pursuit of pleasures(games, etc.) Physical activity Mental work bestowedupon usual studies Involvement in school-work Mental work bestowedupon pleasures (games, etc.) Leisure activity level Extreme anger, occasional liability to Intensity of affects Quick oscillation between cheerfulness and depression Variability of affects Anger Aggressive, angry Extreme depression, occasional liability to Intensity of affects
Depressive (f31-33)
Quickness of apprehension Reputation of intelligence Profoundness of apprehension Reputation of intelligence Soundness of common sense Reputation of intelligence
Originality of ideas Reputation of creativeness
Reputation of intelligence
Power of getting through mental work rapidly Reputation of intelligence Examination ability School-success Physique Morphological characteristics
Expert rating of health
Degree in which he works with distant objects in view Planning mindedness
Orientation on the future
Degree of bodily activity in pursuit of pleasures Leisure activity level Desire to excel Ambitious Desire to be liked by his associates Approval seeking Eagerness for admiration Approval seeking Desire to impose ownwill Leadership ambition
Need for dominance
General excellence of character Moral Trustworthiness Trust-worthy Conscientiousness Conscientious Perseverance Persistent Pure-mindedness Genuine 'Tact' in getting onwith people Ability to maintain intimate contacts
Wideness of influence Taking leading roles
Dominant behavior
Intensity of influence Taking leading roles
Dominant behavior
Impulsive kindness Kind Tendency to do kindnesses on principle Kind
Social values
Readiness to accept the sentiments of his associates Suggestible Degree of corporate spirit Solidary, cooperative Superciliousness Modest (vs supercilious) Sense of humor Humorous Aesthetic feeling Attitudes to culture
Current interests
Reputation (social self)
Interest in religion Concern about religion Esteem of self as a whole Evaluation of self-as-a-whole Belief in own powers Self-perceived ability Fondness for large social gatherings Concern about organizational participation Fondness for small circle of intimate friends Satisfaction with friends Athletics Skilled in sports