Porter (1967): study US 1965


Porter, J.
Sex-Role Concepts, Their Relationship to Psychological Well-Being and to Future Plans of Female College Seniors.
Dissertation, University of Rochester, 1967, USA


Female students college seniors, followed two months, Rochester, USA, 1965-66
N = 162
Non Response
8%; unaffected by place of residence
Questionnaire: Paper & Pencil Interview (PAPI)
Questionnaire completed in class

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Self report on single question:

"Mood is usually applied to states lasting for minutes or hours, but most people can estimate their average or typical mood over a long period of time. Using the following scale, please indicate which statement best describes your typical mood for the current spring semester.  Draw a circle around the number of the statement which best describes your average level of happiness or unhappiness during this semester.
10  Complete elation, rapturous joy and soaring ecstasy
9    Very elated and in very high spirits.   Tremendous
      delight and buoyancy
8    Elated and in high spirits
7    Feeling very good and cheerful
6    Feeling pretty good , "OK"
5    Feeling a little bit low. Just so-so
4    Spirits low and somewhat "blue"
3    Depressed and feeling very low.
      Definitely "blue"
2    Tremendously depressed.
      Feeling terrible, really miserable, "just awful"
1    Utter depression and gloom. Completely down.
      All is black and leaden. Wish it were all over.
Author's label:
Average Mood

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding Age Age difference among young people Academic status School-success Progressive sex-role attitude Gender-role attitudes Traditional sex-role attitude Gender-role attitudes Ego Strength Scores on symptom inventories Personal goals in junior years Object of earlier goals Personal goals in senior years Object of life-goals Level of attachment of male partner Current love-life Level of attachment to male partner Own attitudes to spouse Satis. with next year's plans in terms of achievement needs Attitudes to current life-goals