Lehman (1988): study US 1981


Lehman, A.F.
A Quality of Life Interview for the Chronically Mentally Ill.
Evaluation and Program Planning, 1988, Vol. 11, 51 - 62


Chronic mental patients, USA,1981
Non-probability purposive sample
N = 469
Non Response
Interview: face-to-face

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Self report on single question, asked twice in interview:

How do you feel about your life as a whole......?
7  delighted
6  pleased
5  mostly satisfied
4  mixed
3  mostly dissatisfied
2  unhappy
1  terrible

Summation: arithmetic mean

Name: Andrews & Withey's "Delighted-Terrible Scale" (original version)
Also known as Lehman's 'Global life satisfaction'
Author's label:
General life satisfaction
Page in publication:
Error estimates:
Inter item corelation: r=+.76 one week test-retest : r=+.71(N=45) Rochester population

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding General Life Satisfaction Recent happiness (< 1 year ago) Sex Sex: male (vs female) Age Current age (in years) Education Level of school-education Parental Social Class Socio-economic background (earlier for adults, current for young) Race Ethnic status in the USA Never Married Married (vs never married) Married Married state (compared to non-married states) schizophrenia Schizophrenic (f20) Afective Disorder Current specific mental disorders (icd-10 classification) Organic Brain Disorder Current specific mental disorders (icd-10 classification) Alcoholism Current specific mental disorders (icd-10 classification)
Use of alcohol
Mental retardation Mental retardation
Current specific mental disorders (icd-10 classification)
Personality Disorder Current specific mental disorders (icd-10 classification) Drug Abuse Current specific mental disorders (icd-10 classification)
Current use of stimulants
Lenght of Stay Length of current stay in institution Frequency of Family Contacts Family climate (earlier for adults, current for young) Frequency of social relations Current personal contacts Leisure Activities Leisure activity level Curently Employed Current employment status Hours Work Size of current job Spending Consumption: absolute level Assaulted Specific current life-events
Actual safety in vicinity
Robbed Specific current life-events Frequency of Medical Care Current medical consumption
In treatment or not
Setting of medical treatment
Living situation Satisfaction with housing
Attitudes to institution
Build environment
satifaction with family Satisfaction with family of relatives
Satisfaction with intimate bonds
satisfaction with social relations Satisfaction with personal contacts satisfaction with leisure Satisfaction with leisure satisfaction with finances Satisfaction with income satisfaction with safety Satisfaction with safety in vicinity satisfaction with work Satisfaction with work-as-a-whole Satisfaction with health Satisfaction with health