Holloway & Carson (1999): study GB 1990


Holloway, F.; Carson, J.
Subjective Quality of Life, Psychopathology, Satisfaction with Care and Insight: An Exploratory Study.
International Journal of Social Psychiatry, 1999, Vol. 45, 259 - 267


Mental patients, UK, followed 3 years,1990-1993
Non-probability purposive sample
N = 70
Non Response
Interview: face-to-face

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Self report on single question, asked twice in interview:

How do you feel about your life as a whole......?
7  delighted
6  pleased
5  mostly satisfied
4  mixed
3  mostly dissatisfied
2  unhappy
1  terrible

Summation: arithmetic mean

Name: Andrews & Withey's "Delighted-Terrible Scale" (original version)
Also known as Lehman's 'Global life satisfaction'
Author's label:
Global Subjective Qualiry of Life; GSQOL
Page in publication:
Observed distribution
Summary Statistics
On original range 1 - 7 On range 0-10
3.73 -
1.38 -

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding Age Current age (in years) Home Quality of current dwelling Leisure Leisure activity level Relationship Current intimate relationships Freedom Amount of restrictions perceived
Feeling free (vs restrained)
Opportunity Mixed multiple life-appraisals Life Expierience Checklist (LEC) Mixed multiple life-appraisals Leisure Satisfaction with leisure Religion Satisfaction with religion Finances Satisfaction with income\finances Accommodation Satisfaction with housing
Build environment
Legal/safety Perceived safety in vicinity
Attitudes to victimization
Family Attitudes to family of origin
Satisfaction with intimate bonds
Social life Satisfaction with intimate bonds
Satisfaction with personal contacts
Health Multiple aspect evaluations of life
Satisfaction with health
Self Concept Self-characterization Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) Depressive (f31-33) CPRS depression Depressive (f31-33) SAPS total score Psychotic SANS total score Change in mental health
Scores on symptom inventories
SBS severe and moderate problems Change in mental health
Expert ratings of mental health
Global Subjective Quality of Life Mixed multiple life-appraisals
Scores on symptom inventories
Sexe Sex: male (vs female) Ethnicity in Britain Ethnic status in the UK (Britain) Martial status Married (vs never married)
Never married (vs formerly married: widowed + divorced+ separated)
Change in domain satisfactions Change in life-appraisals Change in depression Change in mental health
Depressive (f31-33)
Change in psychiatric symptoms Change in mental health
Psychotic (f99)
Change in insight Change in mental health
Expert ratings of current positive mental health
Change in satisfaction with care Change in life-appraisals
Satisfaction with treatment
Change in social behaviour Change in mental health Disability Degree of restriction