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Happiness Measures

Characteristics

Code:
O-Sum-u-mq-v-5-ba
Focus:
Overall: Summed overall appraisals (O-Sum)
Time frame:
time unspecified (u)
Mode:
multiple questions (mq)
Scale Type:
verbal scale (v)
Scale Range:
5

Description

Selfreport on four questions:

Using the 1-5 scale below, indicate your agreement with each of the items by placing the appropriate number on the line preceding that item. Please be open and honest in your responding.
A  In most ways my life is close to ideal
B  The conditions of my life are excellent
C  I am satisfied with my life
D  So far, I have gotten the important things I want in life

Answers rated:
5 strongly agree
4 slightly agree
3  neither agree nor disagree
2  slightly disagree
1  strongly disagree

Computation:(A+B+C+D)/4
Name: Shortened Diener's Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS)
(In the original scale item 5 reads: 'If I could live my life over, I would change nothing'. This item is left out in this selection because a positive answer to this question does not necessarily mean that the respondent doesn't like the life he/she actually lives.)

List of Studies Using this Measure

Study Population N Statistics Goodwin & Hernandez Plaza (2000): study ZZ Various nation sets 1999 University students, England and Spain, 1999 N = 140
Hernandez Plaza et al. (2005): study ES 2000 Moroccan immigrants, Spain, 2000 N = 100
Mean
= 1.710
SD
= 0.850
Hernandez Plaza et al. (2004): study ES 2000 Moroccan immigrants, Spain, 2000 N = 100
Mean
= 1.710
SD
= 0.850
Hernandez Plaza et al. (2005): study ES 2000 /1 Moroccan immigrants, Spain, 2000 N = 100
Mean
= 1.710
SD
= 0.850
Hanrahan (2005): study MX 2005 15-20 aged, before and after training, Mexico, 2005 N = 26
Mean
= 3.590
SD
= 0.850
Wu & Yao (2007): study TW 2002 University students, Taiwan, 200? N = 304
Mean
= 4.290
SD
= 1.400
Wu & Wu (2008): study TW 1998 Psychiatric outpatients,Taiwan, 199? N = 324
Mean
= 4.180
Wong et al. (2006): study HK 2003 Adults, age range not reported, general public, Hong Kong, 2003 N = 0
Mean
= 2.720
Lönnqvist et al. (2015): study ZZ Northern Europe 2008 Russian Diaspora migrants, Russia to Finland, followed 4 years, 2008-2013 N = 85
Mean
= 3.310