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Happiness Measures

Characteristics

Code:
O-SLu-g-sq-v-4-e
Focus:
Overall: Satisfaction with life (unspecified) (O-SLu)
Time frame:
generally (g)
Mode:
1 question (sq)
Scale Type:
verbal scale (v)
Scale Range:
4

Description

Selfreport on single question

In general, how satisfied are you with your life?
1  very dissatisfied
2  dissatisfied
3  satisfied
4  very satisfied

List of Studies Using this Measure

Study Population N Statistics Blanchflower (2009): study US 2005 18+ aged, general public, United States, 2005 N = 356612
Mean
= 3.400
SD
= 0.583
Blanchflower (2009): study US 2006 18+ aged, general public, United States, 2006 N = 363425
Mean
= 3.420
SD
= 0.569
Blanchflower (2009): study US 2007 18+ aged, general public, United States, 2007 N = 372019
Mean
= 3.384
SD
= 0.615
Blanchflower (2009): study US 2008 18+ aged, general public, United States, 2008 N = 380855
Mean
= 3.394
SD
= 0.617
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Alabama 2005 /1 18+ aged, general public, Alabama region, United States, 2005-2010 N = 18942
Mean
= 3.374
SD
= 0.648
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Fairbanks North Star, Alaska 2005 18+ aged, general public, City of Fairbanks North Star, Alaska, USA, 2005-2010 N = 1557
Mean
= 3.430
SD
= 0.610
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Montgomery, Alabama 2005 18+ aged, general public, City of Montgomery, Alabama, USA, 2005-2010 N = 683
Mean
= 3.360
SD
= 0.640
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Alameda County, California 2005 18+ aged, general public, Alameda County, California region, United States, 2005-2010 N = 2508
Mean
= 3.320
SD
= 0.610
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Allegheny County, Pennsylvania 2005 18+ aged, general public, Allegheny County, Pennsylvania, United States, 2005-2010 N = 4532
Mean
= 3.390
SD
= 0.610
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Allen County, Indiana 2005 18+ aged, general public, Allen County, Indiana region, United States, 2005-2010 N = 1545
Mean
= 3.390
SD
= 0.600
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Androscoggin County, Maine 2005 18+ aged, general public, Androscoggin County, Maine, United States, 2005-2010 N = 485
Mean
= 3.430
SD
= 0.590
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Anne Arundel County, Maryland 2005 18+ aged, general public, Anne Arundel County, Maryland, United States, 2005-2010 N = 3422
Mean
= 3.420
SD
= 0.630
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Anoka County, Minnesota 2005 18+ aged, general public, Anoka County, Minnesota, United States, 2005-2010 N = 1235
Mean
= 3.400
SD
= 0.620
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Arapahoe County, Colorado 2005 18+ aged, general public, Arapahoe County, Colorado region, United States, 2005-2010 N = 5117
Mean
= 3.420
SD
= 0.610
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Asotin County, Washington 2005 18+ aged, general public, Asotin County, Washington, United States, 2005-2010 N = 617
Mean
= 3.340
SD
= 0.580
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Atlantic County, New Jersey 2005 18+ aged, general public, Atlantic County, New Jersey, United States, 2005-2010 N = 3278
Mean
= 3.380
SD
= 0.630
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Baker County, Florida 2005 18+ aged, general public, Baker County, Florida region, United States, 2005-2010 N = 1004
Mean
= 3.380
SD
= 0.620
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Baltimore County, Maryland 2005 18+ aged, general public, Baltimore County, Maryland, United States, 2005-2010 N = 5721
Mean
= 3.400
SD
= 0.630
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Barnstable County, Massachusetts 2005 18+ aged, general public, Barnstable County, Massachusetts, United States, 2005-2010 N = 1040
Mean
= 3.470
SD
= 0.620
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Bay County, Florida 2005 18+ aged, general public, Bay County, Florida region, United States, 2005-2010 N = 1037
Mean
= 3.370
SD
= 0.700
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Beaufort County, South Carolina 2005 18+ aged, general public, Beaufort County, South Carolina, United States, 2005-2010 N = 3418
Mean
= 3.480
SD
= 0.600
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Benton County, Arkansas 2005 18+ aged, general public, Benton County, Arkansas region, United States, 2005-2010 N = 2169
Mean
= 3.450
SD
= 0.590
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Benton County, Washington 2005 18+ aged, general public, Benton County, Washington, United States, 2005-2010 N = 2396
Mean
= 3.430
SD
= 0.610
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Bergen County, New Jersey 2005 18+ aged, general public, Bergen County, New Jersey, United States, 2005-2010 N = 3844
Mean
= 3.410
SD
= 0.590
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Berkeley County, South Carolina 2005 18+ aged, general public, Berkeley County, South Carolina, United States, 2005-2010 N = 1821
Mean
= 3.400
SD
= 0.610
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Bernalillo County, New Mexico 2005 18+ aged, general public, Bernalillo County, New Mexico, United States, 2005-2010 N = 6574
Mean
= 3.410
SD
= 0.620
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Bexar County, Texas 2005 18+ aged, general public, Bexar County, Texas, United States, 2005-2010 N = 4494
Mean
= 3.420
SD
= 0.610
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Bonneville County, Idaho 2005 18+ aged, general public, Bonneville County, Idaho region, United States, 2005-2010 N = 1613
Mean
= 3.450
SD
= 0.590
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Boulder County, Colorado 2005 18+ aged, general public, Boulder County, Colorado region, United States, 2005-2010 N = 2189
Mean
= 3.450
SD
= 0.590
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Brevard County, Florida 2005 18+ aged, general public, Brevard County, Florida region, United States, 2005-2010 N = 1019
Mean
= 3.400
SD
= 0.630
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Bristol County, Massachusetts 2005 18+ aged, general public, Bristol County, Massachusetts, United States, 2005-2010 N = 15379
Mean
= 3.350
SD
= 0.640
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Bristol County, Rhode Island 2005 18+ aged, general public, Bristol County, Rhode Island,United States, 2005-2010 N = 511
Mean
= 3.450
SD
= 0.580
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Broward County, Florida 2005 18+ aged, general public, Broward County, Florida region, United States, 2005-2010 N = 2486
Mean
= 3.380
SD
= 0.630
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Bucks County, Pennsylvania 2005 18+ aged, general public, Bucks County, Pennsylvania, United States, 2005-2010 N = 911
Mean
= 3.370
SD
= 0.610
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Buncombe County, North Carolina 2005 18+ aged, general public, Buncombe County, North Carolina, United States, 2005-2010 N = 2119
Mean
= 3.410
SD
= 0.630
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Burleigh County, North Dakota 2005 18+ aged, general public, Burleigh County, North Dakota, United States, 2005-2010 N = 2881
Mean
= 3.430
SD
= 0.580
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Burlington County, New Jersey 2005 18+ aged, general public, Burlington County, New Jersey, United States, 2005-2010 N = 2938
Mean
= 3.440
SD
= 0.610
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Butler County, Kansas 2005 18+ aged, general public, Butler County, Kansas region, United States, 2005-2010 N = 431
Mean
= 3.450
SD
= 0.580
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Cabarrus County, North Carolina 2005 18+ aged, general public, Cabarrus County, North Carolina, United States, 2005-2010 N = 2132
Mean
= 3.420
SD
= 0.610
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Caddo Parish, Louisiana 2005 18+ aged, general public, Caddo Parish, Louisiana, United States, 2005-2010 N = 1659
Mean
= 3.450
SD
= 0.640
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Calcasieu Parish, Louisiana 2005 18+ aged, general public, Calcasieu Parish, Louisiana, United States, 2005 N = 1509
Mean
= 3.440
SD
= 0.640
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Calvert County, Maryland 2005 18+ aged, general public, Calvert County, Maryland, United States, 2005-2010 N = 247
Mean
= 3.440
SD
= 0.630
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Camden County, New Jersey 2005 18+ aged, general public, Camden County, New Jersey, United States, 2005-2010 N = 3121
Mean
= 3.380
SD
= 0.640
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Cameron County, Texas 2005 18+ aged, general public, Cameron County, Texas, United States, 2005-2010 N = 581
Mean
= 3.390
SD
= 0.580
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Campbell County, Wyoming 2005 18+ aged, general public, Campbell County, Wyoming, United States, 2005-2010 N = 503
Mean
= 3.440
SD
= 0.610
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Canadian County, Oklahoma 2005 18+ aged, general public, Canadian County, Oklahoma, United States, 2005-2010 N = 497
Mean
= 3.400
SD
= 0.600
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Canyon County, Idaho 2005 18+ aged, general public, Canyon County, Idaho, United States, 2005-2010 N = 2985
Mean
= 3.410
SD
= 0.600
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Cape May County, New Jersey 2005 18+ aged, general public, Cape May County, New Jersey, United States, 2005-2010 N = 2471
Mean
= 3.450
SD
= 0.600
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Carroll County, Maryland 2005 18+ aged, general public, Carroll County, MarylandUnited States, 2005-2010 N = 245
Mean
= 3.470
SD
= 0.560
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Carter County, Oklahoma 2005 18+ aged, general public, Carter County, Oklahoma, United States, 2005-2010 N = 519
Mean
= 3.380
SD
= 0.620
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Cascade County, Montana 2005 18+ aged, general public, Cascade County, Montana, United States, 2005 N = 1025
Mean
= 3.400
SD
= 0.590
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Cass County, North Dakota 2005 18+ aged, general public, Cass County, North Dakota, United States, 2005-2010 N = 4241
Mean
= 3.450
SD
= 0.580
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Catawba County, North Carolina 2005 18+ aged, general public, Catawba County, North Carolina, United States, 2005-2010 N = 2303
Mean
= 3.400
SD
= 0.640
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Cecil County, Maryland 2005 18+ aged, general public, Cecil County, Maryland, United States, 2005-2010 N = 1313
Mean
= 3.390
SD
= 0.650
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Charles County, Maryland 2005 18+ aged, general public, Charles County, Maryland, United States, 2005-2010 N = 1804
Mean
= 3.460
SD
= 0.580
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Chelan County, Washington 2005 18+ aged, general public, Chelan County, Washington, United States, 2005-2010 N = 2446
Mean
= 3.420
SD
= 0.610
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Cherokee County, Oklahoma 2005 18+ aged, general public,Cherokee County, Oklahoma, United States, 2005-2010 N = 744
Mean
= 3.390
SD
= 0.630
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Cheshire County, New Hampshire 2005 18+ aged, general public, Cheshire County, New Hampshire, United States, 2005-2010 N = 977
Mean
= 3.420
SD
= 0.590
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Chittenden County, Vermont 2005 18+ aged, general public, Chittenden County, Vermont, United States, 2005-2010 N = 8435
Mean
= 3.460
SD
= 0.580
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Citrus County, Florida 2005 18+ aged, general public, Citrus County, Florida, United States, 2005-2010 N = 1050
Mean
= 3.390
SD
= 0.610
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US City District of Queens, New York 2005 18+ aged, general public, City District of Queens, New York, United States, 2005-2010 N = 2940
Mean
= 3.270
SD
= 0.610
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US City district of The Bronx , New York 2005 18+ aged, general public, City district of The Bronx , New York, United States, 2005-2010 N = 1049
Mean
= 3.260
SD
= 0.660
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Anchorage, Alaska 2005 18+ aged, general public, City of Anchorage, Alaska, USA, 2005-2010 N = 1557
Mean
= 3.440
SD
= 0.610
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Baltimore, Maryland 2005 18+ aged, general public, City of Baltimore, Maryland, USA, 2005-2010 N = 2537
Mean
= 3.300
SD
= 0.650
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Charleston, South Carolina 2005 18+ aged, general public, City of Charleston, South Carolina, USA, 2005-2010 N = 3742
Mean
= 3.450
SD
= 0.600
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Denver, Colorado 2005 18+ aged, general public, City of Denver, Colorado, USA, 2005-2010 N = 5085
Mean
= 3.390
SD
= 0.610
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Durham, North Carolina 2005 18+ aged, general public, City of Durham, North Carolina, USA, 2005-2010 N = 2563
Mean
= 3.420
SD
= 0.600
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US El Paso County, Colorado 2005 18+ aged, general public,El Paso County, Colorado, United States, 2005-2010 N = 4824
Mean
= 3.370
SD
= 0.620
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Honolulu, Hawai 2005 18+ aged, general public, City of Honolulu, Hawai, USA, 2005-2010 N = 17237
Mean
= 3.400
SD
= 0.580
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Miami, Florida 2005 18+ aged, general public, City of Miami, Florida, USA, 2005-2010 N = 3065
Mean
= 3.390
SD
= 0.620
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US New York, New York 2005 18+ aged, general public, City of New York, New York, USA, 2005-2010 N = 3687
Mean
= 3.300
SD
= 0.620
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Orleans Parish, Louisiana 2005 18+ aged, general public, City of Orleans Parish, Louisiana, USA, 2005-2010 N = 1847
Mean
= 3.360
SD
= 0.650
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 2005 18+ aged, general public, City of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA, 2005-2010 N = 8650
Mean
= 3.240
SD
= 0.670
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Sacramento, California 2005 18+ aged, general public, City of Sacramento, California, USA, 2005-2010 N = 1868
Mean
= 3.350
SD
= 0.610
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US San Francisco, California 2005 18+ aged, general public, City of San Francisco, California, USA, 2005-2010 N = 1001
Mean
= 3.330
SD
= 0.590
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Spokane, Washington 2005 18+ aged, general public, City of Spokane, Washington, USA, 2005-2010 N = 7401
Mean
= 3.400
SD
= 0.630
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US St. Louis, Missouri 2005 18+ aged, general public, City of St. Louis, Missouri, USA, 2005-2010 N = 2775
Mean
= 3.280
SD
= 0.650
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Wyandotte, Kansas 2005 18+ aged, general public, City of Wyandotte, Kansas, USA, 2005-2010 N = 3036
Mean
= 3.280
SD
= 0.640
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Clackamas County, Oregon 2005 18+ aged, general public, Clackamas County, Oregon, United States, 2005-2010 N = 3298
Mean
= 3.430
SD
= 0.610
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Clark County, Nevada 2005 18+ aged, general public, Clark County, Nevada, United States, 2005-2010 N = 7142
Mean
= 3.350
SD
= 0.640
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Clark County, Washington 2005 18+ aged, general public, Clark County, Washington, United States, 2005-2010 N = 8573
Mean
= 3.400
SD
= 0.620
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Clay County, Florida 2005 18+ aged, general public, Clay County, Florida, United States, 2005-2010 N = 976
Mean
= 3.440
SD
= 0.640
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Clayton County, Georgia 2005 18+ aged, general public, Clayton County, Georgia, United States, 2005-2010 N = 906
Mean
= 3.290
SD
= 0.620
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Cleveland County, Oklahoma 2005 18+ aged, general public, Cleveland County, Oklahoma, United States, 2005-2010 N = 2509
Mean
= 3.410
SD
= 0.610
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Cobb County, Georgia 2005 18+ aged, general public, Cobb County, Georgia, United States, 2005-2010 N = 1554
Mean
= 3.490
SD
= 0.610
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Cochise County, Arizona 2005 18+ aged, general public, Cochise County, Arizona, United States, 2005-2010 N = 509
Mean
= 3.360
SD
= 0.620
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Collier County, Florida 2005 18+ aged, general public, Collier County, Florida, United States, 2005-2010 N = 1250
Mean
= 3.460
SD
= 0.610
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Collin County, Texas 2005 18+ aged, general public,Collin County, Texas, United States, 2005-2010 N = 245
Mean
= 3.460
SD
= 0.680
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Columbia County, Florida 2005 18+ aged, general public, Columbia County, Florida, United States, 2005-2010 N = 1083
Mean
= 3.360
SD
= 0.670
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Comanche County, Oklahoma 2005 18+ aged, general public, Comanche County, Oklahoma, United States, 2005-2010 N = 522
Mean
= 3.380
SD
= 0.600
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Contra Costa County, California 2005 18+ aged, general public, Contra Costa County, California, United States, 2005-2010 N = 1450
Mean
= 3.380
SD
= 0.620
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Cook County, Illinois 2005 18+ aged, general public, Cook County, Illinois, United States, 2005-2010 N = 11102
Mean
= 3.350
SD
= 0.610
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Coos County, New Hampshire 2005 18+ aged, general public, Coos County, New Hampshire, United States, 2005-2010 N = 1153
Mean
= 3.380
SD
= 0.610
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Cumberland County, Maine 2005 18+ aged, general public, Cumberland County, Maine, United States, 2005-2010 N = 5960
Mean
= 3.440
SD
= 0.590
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Cumberland County, North Carolina 2005 18+ aged, general public, Cumberland County, North Carolina, United States, 2005-2010 N = 2077
Mean
= 3.340
SD
= 0.660
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Cuyahoga County, Ohio 2005 18+ aged, general public, Cuyahoga County, Ohio, United States, 2005-2010 N = 4030
Mean
= 3.350
SD
= 0.640
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Dakota County, Minnesota 2005 18+ aged, general public, Dakota County, Minnesota, United States, 2005-2010 N = 1888
Mean
= 3.470
SD
= 0.570
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Dakota County, Nebraska 2005 18+ aged, general public, Dakota County, Nebraska, United States, 2005-2010 N = 2531
Mean
= 3.330
SD
= 0.600
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Dallas County, Texas 2005 18+ aged, general public, Dallas County, Texas, United States, 2005-2010 N = 2658
Mean
= 3.380
SD
= 0.630
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Davidson County, Tennessee 2005 18+ aged, general public, Davidson County, Tennessee, United States, 2005-2010 N = 2533
Mean
= 3.420
SD
= 0.600
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Davis County, Utah 2005 18+ aged, general public, Davis County, Utah, United States, 2005-2010 N = 3330
Mean
= 3.480
SD
= 0.600
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US DeKalb County, Georgia 2005 18+ aged, general public, DeKalb County, Georgia, United States, 2005-2010 N = 1752
Mean
= 3.380
SD
= 0.630
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Delaware County, Pennsylvania 2005 18+ aged, general public, Delaware County, Pennsylvania, United States, 2005-2010 N = 1096
Mean
= 3.390
SD
= 0.630
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Denton County, Texas 2005 18+ aged, general public, Denton County, Texas, United States, 2005-200 N = 244
Mean
= 3.480
SD
= 0.610
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US DeSoto County, Florida 2005 18+ aged, general public, DeSoto County, Florida, United States, 2005-2010 N = 1197
Mean
= 3.300
SD
= 0.690
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US DeSoto County, Mississippi 2005 18+ aged, general public, DeSoto County, Mississippi, United States, 2005-2010 N = 1753
Mean
= 3.360
SD
= 0.670
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US District of Columbia, District of Columbia 2005 /1 18+ aged, general public, District of Columbia, United States, 2005-2010 N = 22372
Mean
= 3.380
SD
= 0.620
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Dona Ana County, New Mexico 2005 18+ aged, general public, Dona Ana County, New Mexico, United States, 2005-2010 N = 3609
Mean
= 3.360
SD
= 0.600
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Dorchester County, South Carolina 2005 18+ aged, general public, Dorchester County, South Carolina, United States, 2005-2010 N = 248
Mean
= 3.440
SD
= 0.560
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Douglas County, Colorado 2005 18+ aged, general public, Douglas County, Colorado, United States, 2005-2010 N = 2732
Mean
= 3.550
SD
= 0.580
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Douglas County, Kansas 2005 18+ aged, general public, Douglas County, Kansas, United States, 2005-2010 N = 590
Mean
= 3.460
SD
= 0.550
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Adams County, Nebraska 2005 18+ aged, general public, Adams County, Nebraska, United States, 2005-2010 N = 5337
Mean
= 3.400
SD
= 0.610
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Douglas County, Washington 2005 18+ aged, general public, Douglas County, Washington, United States, 2005-2010 N = 2234
Mean
= 3.410
SD
= 0.610
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US DuPage County, Illinois 2005 18+ aged, general public, DuPage County, Illinois, United States, 2005-2010 N = 2088
Mean
= 3.420
SD
= 0.590
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Duval County, Florida 2005 18+ aged, general public, Duval County, Florida, United States, 2005-2010 N = 3224
Mean
= 3.400
SD
= 0.640
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US East Baton Rouge Parish, Louisiana 2005 18+ aged, general public, East Baton Rouge Parish, Louisiana, United States, 2005-2010 N = 3182
Mean
= 3.470
SD
= 0.640
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US El Paso County, Colorado 2005 /1 18+ aged, general public, El Paso County, Colorado, United States, 2005-2010 N = 5903
Mean
= 3.440
SD
= 0.610
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Erie County, New York 2005 18+ aged, general public, Erie County, New York, United States, 2005-2010 N = 2237
Mean
= 3.360
SD
= 0.620
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Escambia County, Florida 2005 18+ aged, general public, Escambia County, Florida, United States, 2005-2010 N = 995
Mean
= 3.400
SD
= 0.650
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Essex County, Massachusetts 2005 18+ aged, general public, Essex County, Massachusetts, United States, 2005-2010 N = 12105
Mean
= 3.430
SD
= 0.610
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Essex County, New Jersey 2005 18+ aged, general public, Essex County, New Jersey, United States, 2005-2010 N = 5226
Mean
= 3.350
SD
= 0.610
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Fairfield County, Connecticut 2005 18+ aged, general public, Fairfield County, Connecticut, United States, 2005-2010 N = 11580
Mean
= 3.430
SD
= 0.600
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Fayette County, Pennsylvania 2005 18+ aged, general public, Fayette County, Pennsylvania, United States, 2005-2010 N = 7481
Mean
= 3.290
SD
= 0.630
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Flagler County, Florida 2005 18+ aged, general public, Flagler County, Florida, United States, 2005-2010 N = 997
Mean
= 3.380
SD
= 0.680
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Flathead County, Montana 2005 18+ aged, general public, Flathead County, Montana, United States, 2005-2010 N = 2212
Mean
= 3.430
SD
= 0.620
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Forsyth County, North Carolina 2005 18+ aged, general public, Forsyth County, North Carolina, United States, 2005-2010 N = 1266
Mean
= 3.430
SD
= 0.610
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Fort Bend County, Texas 2005 18+ aged, general public, Fort Bend County, Texas, United States, 2005-2010 N = 1537
Mean
= 3.450
SD
= 0.590
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Franklin County, Massachusetts 2005 18+ aged, general public, Franklin County, Massachusetts, United States, 2005-2010 N = 1321
Mean
= 3.410
SD
= 0.600
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Franklin County, Ohio 2005 18+ aged, general public, Franklin County, Ohio, United States, 2005-2010 N = 4945
Mean
= 3.380
SD
= 0.630
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Franklin County, Vermont 2005 18+ aged, general public, Franklin County, Vermont, United States, 2005-2010 N = 2663
Mean
= 3.400
SD
= 0.620
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Franklin County, Washington 2005 18+ aged, general public, Franklin County, Washington, United States, 2005-2010 N = 1044
Mean
= 3.400
SD
= 0.580
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Frederick County, Maryland 2005 18+ aged, general public, Frederick County, Maryland, United States, 2005-2010 N = 3307
Mean
= 3.430
SD
= 0.600
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Fremont County, Wyoming 2005 18+ aged, general public, Fremont County, Wyoming, United States, 2005-2010 N = 1564
Mean
= 3.450
SD
= 0.600
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Fulton County, Georgia 2005 18+ aged, general public, Fulton County, Georgia, United States, 2005-2010 N = 1741
Mean
= 3.420
SD
= 0.630
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Gadsden County, Florida 2005 18+ aged, general public, Gadsden County, Florida, United States, 2005-2010 N = 971
Mean
= 3.340
SD
= 0.620
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Gallatin County, Montana 2005 18+ aged, general public, Gallatin County, Montana, United States, 2005-2010 N = 1122
Mean
= 3.430
SD
= 0.620
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Garfield County, Oklahoma 2005 18+ aged, general public, Garfield County, Oklahoma, United States, 2005-2010 N = 904
Mean
= 3.360
SD
= 0.620
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Gaston County, North Carolina 2005 18+ aged, general public, Gaston County, North Carolina, United States, 2005-2010 N = 2186
Mean
= 3.320
SD
= 0.670
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Genesee County, Michigan 2005 18+ aged, general public, Genesee County, Michigan, United States, 2005-2010 N = 515
Mean
= 3.340
SD
= 0.630
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Gilchrist County, Florida 2005 18+ aged, general public, Gilchrist County, Florida, United States, 2005-2010 N = 829
Mean
= 3.390
SD
= 0.610
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Gloucester County, New Jersey 2005 18+ aged, general public, Gloucester County, New Jersey, United States, 2005 N = 2900
Mean
= 3.420
SD
= 0.620
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Grafton County, New Hampshire 2005 18+ aged, general public, Grafton County, New Hampshire, United States, 2005-2010 N = 3246
Mean
= 3.440
SD
= 0.610
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Greenville County, South Carolina 2005 18+ aged, general public, Greenville County, South Carolina, United States, 2005-2010 N = 3336
Mean
= 3.450
SD
= 0.610
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Guilford County, North Carolina 2005 18+ aged, general public, Guilford County, North Carolina, United States, 2005-2010 N = 2760
Mean
= 3.400
SD
= 0.610
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Gwinnett County, Georgia 2005 18+ aged, general public, Gwinnett County, Georgia, United States, 2005-2010 N = 890
Mean
= 3.420
SD
= 0.630
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Hall County, Nebraska 2005 18+ aged, general public, Hall County, Nebraska, United States, 2005-2010 N = 2019
Mean
= 3.390
SD
= 0.600
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Hamilton County, Ohio 2005 18+ aged, general public, Hamilton County, Ohio, United States, 2005-2010 N = 4035
Mean
= 3.370
SD
= 0.650
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Hamilton County, Tennessee 2005 18+ aged, general public, Hamilton County, Tennessee, United States, 2005-2010 N = 1428
Mean
= 3.400
SD
= 0.650
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Hampden County, Massachusetts 2005 18+ aged, general public, Hampden County, Massachusetts, United States, 2005-2010 N = 8756
Mean
= 3.360
SD
= 0.620
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Hampshire County, Massachusetts 2005 18+ aged, general public, Hampshire County, Massachusetts, United States, 2005-2010 N = 2433
Mean
= 3.390
SD
= 0.610
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Hardee County, Florida 2005 18+ aged, general public, Hardee County, Florida, United States, 2005-2010 N = 1144
Mean
= 3.240
SD
= 0.700
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Harford County, Maryland 2005 18+ aged, general public, Harford County, Maryland, United States, 2005-2010 N = 1650
Mean
= 3.390
SD
= 0.670
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Harris County, Texas 2005 18+ aged, general public, Harris County, Texas, United States, 2005-2010 N = 5239
Mean
= 3.370
SD
= 0.640
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Harrison County, Mississippi 2005 18+ aged, general public, Harrison County, Mississippi, United States, 2005-2010 N = 647
Mean
= 3.320
SD
= 0.670
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Hartford County, Connecticut 2005 18+ aged, general public, Hartford County, Connecticut, United States, 2005-2010 N = 8938
Mean
= 3.410
SD
= 0.610
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Hawaii County, Hawai 2005 18+ aged, general public, Hawaii County, Hawai, United States, 2005-2010 N = 8729
Mean
= 3.380
SD
= 0.610
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Henderson County, North Carolina 2005 18+ aged, general public, Henderson County, North Carolina, United States, 2005-2010 N = 823
Mean
= 3.420
SD
= 0.650
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Hendry County, Florida 2005 18+ aged, general public, Hendry County, Florida, United States, 2005-2010 N = 550
Mean
= 3.330
SD
= 0.620
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Hennepin County, Minnesota 2005 18+ aged, general public, Hennepin County, Minnesota, United States, 2005-2010 N = 6275
Mean
= 3.450
SD
= 0.600
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Hernando County, Florida 2005 18+ aged, general public, Hernando County, Florida, United States, 2005-2010 N = 980
Mean
= 3.350
SD
= 0.690
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Hidalgo County, Texas 2005 18+ aged, general public, Hidalgo County, Texas, United States, 2005-2010 N = 1972
Mean
= 3.380
SD
= 0.580
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Highlands County, Florida 2005 18+ aged, general public, Highlands County, Florida, United States, 2005-2010 N = 1222
Mean
= 3.380
SD
= 0.660
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Hillsborough County, Florida 2005 18+ aged, general public, Hillsborough County, Florida, United States, 2005-2010 N = 1999
Mean
= 3.370
SD
= 0.650
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Hillsborough County, New Hampshire 2005 18+ aged, general public, Hillsborough County, New Hampshire, United States, 2005-2010 N = 8308
Mean
= 3.430
SD
= 0.610
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Hinds County, Mississippi 2005 18+ aged, general public, Hinds County, Mississippi, United States, 2005-2010 N = 2415
Mean
= 3.320
SD
= 0.660
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Horry County, South Carolina 2005 18+ aged, general public, Horry County, South Carolina, United States, 2005-2010 N = 3405
Mean
= 3.390
SD
= 0.620
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Howard County, Maryland 2005 18+ aged, general public, Howard County, Maryland, United States, 2005-2010 N = 1995
Mean
= 3.470
SD
= 0.600
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Hudson County, New Jersey 2005 18+ aged, general public, Hudson County, New Jersey, United States, 2005-2010 N = 4989
Mean
= 3.300
SD
= 0.630
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Hunterdon County, New Jersey 2005 18+ aged, general public, Hunterdon County, New Jersey, United States, 2005-2010 N = 2867
Mean
= 3.500
SD
= 0.570
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Ingham County, Michigan 2005 18+ aged, general public, Ingham County, Michigan, United States, 2005-2010 N = 363
Mean
= 3.410
SD
= 0.590
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Jackson County, Missouri 2005 18+ aged, general public, Jackson County, Missouri, United States, 2005-2010 N = 2917
Mean
= 3.320
SD
= 0.650
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Jackson County, Oregon 2005 18+ aged, general public, Jackson County, Oregon, United States, 2010-2010 N = 682
Mean
= 3.380
SD
= 0.650
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Jefferson County, Alabama 2005 18+ aged, general public, Jefferson County, Alabama, United States, 2010-2010 N = 3344
Mean
= 3.390
SD
= 0.620
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Jefferson County, Colorado 2005 18+ aged, general public, Jefferson County, Colorado, United States, 2005-2010 N = 5975
Mean
= 3.460
SD
= 0.590
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Jefferson County, Florida 2005 18+ aged, general public, Jefferson County, Florida, United States, 2005-2010 N = 864
Mean
= 3.440
SD
= 0.590
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Jefferson County, Kentucky 2005 18+ aged, general public, Jefferson County, Kentucky, United States, 2005-2010 N = 3966
Mean
= 3.340
SD
= 0.690
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Jefferson Parish, Louisiana 2005 18+ aged, general public, Jefferson Parish, Louisiana, United States, 2005-2010 N = 2688
Mean
= 3.380
SD
= 0.650
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Johnson County, Kansas 2005 18+ aged, general public, Johnson County, Kansas, United States, 2005-2010 N = 10495
Mean
= 3.480
SD
= 0.590
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Johnston County, North Carolina 2005 18+ aged, general public, Johnston County, North Carolina, United States, 2005-2010 N = 2307
Mean
= 3.410
SD
= 0.610
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Kanawha County, West Virginia 2005 18+ aged, general public, Kanawha County, West Virginia, United States, 2005-2010 N = 2847
Mean
= 3.350
SD
= 0.670
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Kauai County, Hawai 2005 18+ aged, general public, Kauai County, Hawai, United States, 2005-2010 N = 3656
Mean
= 3.420
SD
= 0.580
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Kennebec County, Maine 2005 18+ aged, general public, Kennebec County, Maine, United States, 2005-2010 N = 2359
Mean
= 3.400
SD
= 0.630
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Kent County, Delaware 2005 18+ aged, general public, Kent County, Delaware, USA 2005-2010 N = 7993
Mean
= 3.410
SD
= 0.630
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Kent County, Michigan 2005 18+ aged, general public, Kent County, Michigan, United States, 2005-2010 N = 2381
Mean
= 3.400
SD
= 0.620
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Kent County, Rhode Island 2005 18+ aged, general public, Kent County, Rhode Island, USA, 2005-2010 N = 4286
Mean
= 3.370
SD
= 0.640
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US King County, Washington 2005 18+ aged, general public, King County, Washington, USA, 2005-2010 N = 21626
Mean
= 3.410
SD
= 0.610
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Kings County, New York 2005 18+ aged, general public, Kings County, New York, USA, 2005-2010 N = 3179
Mean
= 3.240
SD
= 0.650
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Kitsap County, Washington 2005 18+ aged, general public, Kitsap County, Washington, USA, 2005-2010 N = 5555
Mean
= 3.410
SD
= 0.620
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Knox County, Tennessee 2005 18+ aged, general public, Knox County, Tennessee, USA, 2005-2010 N = 358
Mean
= 3.450
SD
= 0.570
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Kootenai County, Idaho 2005 18+ aged, general public, Kootenai County, Idaho, USA, 2005-2010 N = 1033
Mean
= 3.450
SD
= 0.590
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Lake County, Florida 2005 18+ aged, general public, Lake County, Florida, USA, 2005-2010 N = 1151
Mean
= 3.480
SD
= 0.590
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Lake County, Illinois 2005 18+ aged, general public, Lake County, Illinois, USA, 2005-2010 N = 1081
Mean
= 3.410
SD
= 0.620
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Lake County, Indiana 2005 18+ aged, general public, Lake County, Indiana, USA, 2005-2010 N = 3579
Mean
= 3.320
SD
= 0.610
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Lancaster County, Nebraska 2005 18+ aged, general public, Lancaster County, Nebraska, USA, 2005-2010 N = 4408
Mean
= 3.430
SD
= 0.590
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Lane County, Oregon 2005 18+ aged, general public, Lane County, Oregon, USA, 2005-2010 N = 2162
Mean
= 3.370
SD
= 0.650
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Laramie County, Wyoming 2005 18+ aged, general public, Laramie County, Wyoming, USA, 2005-2010 N = 5290
Mean
= 3.450
SD
= 0.600
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Larimer County, Colorado 2005 18+ aged, general public, Larimer County, Colorado, USA, 2005-2010 N = 2481
Mean
= 3.480
SD
= 0.570
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Laurens County, South Carolina 2005 18+ aged, general public, Laurens County, South Carolina, USA, 2005-2010 N = 267
Mean
= 3.320
SD
= 0.590
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Leavenworth County, Kansas 2005 18+ aged, general public, Leavenworth County, Kansas, USA, 2005-2010 N = 451
Mean
= 3.430
SD
= 0.570
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Lee County, Florida 2005 18+ aged, general public, Lee County, Florida, USA, 2005-2010 N = 1013
Mean
= 3.390
SD
= 0.650
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Lehigh County, Pennsylvania 2005 18+ aged, general public, Lehigh County, Pennsylvania, USA, 2005-2010 N = 269
Mean
= 3.310
SD
= 0.660
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Leon County, Florida 2005 18+ aged, general public, Leon County, Florida, USA, 2005-2010 N = 1017
Mean
= 3.460
SD
= 0.610
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Lewis and Clark County, Montana 2005 18+ aged, general public, Lewis and Clark County, Montana, USA, 2005-2010 N = 515
Mean
= 3.450
SD
= 0.590
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Lexington County, South Carolina 2005 18+ aged, general public, Lexington County, South Carolina, USA, 2005-2010 N = 1090
Mean
= 3.420
SD
= 0.620
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Licking County, Ohio 2005 18+ aged, general public, Licking County, Ohio, USA, 2005-2010 N = 242
Mean
= 3.320
SD
= 0.680
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Lincoln County, Nebraska 2005 18+ aged, general public, Lincoln County, Nebraska, USA, 2005-2010 N = 1502
Mean
= 3.440
SD
= 0.580
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Linn County, Iowa 2005 18+ aged, general public, Linn County, Iowa, USA, 2005-2010 N = 1423
Mean
= 3.390
SD
= 0.600
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Lorain County, Ohio 2005 18+ aged, general public, Lorain County, Ohio, USA, 2005-2010 N = 474
Mean
= 3.420
SD
= 0.570
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Los Angeles County, California 2005 18+ aged, general public, Los Angeles County, California, USA, 2005-2010 N = 7544
Mean
= 3.320
SD
= 0.610
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Lubbock County, Texas 2005 18+ aged, general public, Lubbock County, Texas, USA, 1995-2005 N = 2228
Mean
= 3.470
SD
= 0.580
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Lucas County, Ohio 2005 18+ aged, general public, Lucas County, Ohio, USA, 1995-2005 N = 3556
Mean
= 3.330
SD
= 0.650
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Luzerne County, Pennsylvania 2005 18+ aged, general public, Luzerne County, Pennsylvania, USA, 1995-2005 N = 8556
Mean
= 3.320
SD
= 0.630
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Macomb County, Michigan 2005 18+ aged, general public, Macomb County, Michigan, USA, 1995- 2005 N = 3502
Mean
= 3.340
SD
= 0.620
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Madison County, Nebraska 2005 18+ aged, general public, Madison County, Nebraska, USA, 1995-2005 N = 1270
Mean
= 3.390
SD
= 0.570
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Mahoning County, Ohio 2005 18+ aged, general public, Mahoning County, Ohio, USA, 1995-2005 N = 3695
Mean
= 3.360
SD
= 0.620
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Manatee County, Florida 2005 18+ aged, general public, Manatee County, Florida, USA, 1995-2005 N = 972
Mean
= 3.420
SD
= 0.610
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Maricopa County, Arizona 2005 18+ aged, general public, Maricopa County, Arizona, USA, 1995-2005 N = 5699
Mean
= 3.420
SD
= 0.630
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Marion County, Florida 2005 18+ aged, general public, Marion County, Florida, USA, 1995-2005 N = 1135
Mean
= 3.360
SD
= 0.650
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Marion County, Indiana 2005 18+ aged, general public, Marion County, Indiana, USA, 1995-2005 N = 6590
Mean
= 3.310
SD
= 0.640
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Marion County, Oregon 2005 18+ aged, general public, Marion County, Oregon, USA, 1995-2005 N = 795
Mean
= 3.310
SD
= 0.650
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Martin County, Florida 2005 18+ aged, general public, Martin County, Florida, USA, 1995-2005 N = 1005
Mean
= 3.460
SD
= 0.630
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Maui County, Hawai 2005 18+ aged, general public, Maui County, Hawai, USA, 1995-2005 N = 8326
Mean
= 3.440
SD
= 0.580
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US McKinley County, New Mexico 2005 18+ aged, general public, McKinley County, New Mexico, USA, 1995-005 N = 530
Mean
= 3.360
SD
= 0.600
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Mecklenburg County, North Carolina 2005 18+ aged, general public, Mecklenburg County, North Carolina, USA, 1995-2005 N = 4168
Mean
= 3.430
SD
= 0.620
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Mercer County, New Jersey 2005 18+ aged, general public, Mercer County, New Jersey, USA, 1995-2005 N = 1944
Mean
= 3.430
SD
= 0.610
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Merrimack County, New Hampshire 2005 18+ aged, general public, Merrimack County, New Hampshire, USA, 1995-2005 N = 3738
Mean
= 3.440
SD
= 0.620
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Middlesex County, Connecticut 2005 18+ aged, general public, Middlesex County, Connecticut, USA 1995-2005 N = 1160
Mean
= 3.430
SD
= 0.610
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Middlesex County, Massachusetts 2005 18+ aged, general public, Middlesex County, Massachusetts, USA 1995-2005 N = 16619
Mean
= 3.420
SD
= 0.610
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Middlesex County, New Jersey 2005 18+ aged, general public, Middlesex County, New Jersey, USA, 1995-2005 N = 3661
Mean
= 3.370
SD
= 0.630
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Midland County, Texas 2005 18+ aged, general public, Midland County, Texas, USA 1995-2005 N = 505
Mean
= 3.480
SD
= 0.640
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Milwaukee County, Wisconsin 2005 18+ aged, general public, Milwaukee County, Wisconsin, USA 1995-2005 N = 4453
Mean
= 3.310
SD
= 0.620
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Minnehaha County, South Dakota 2005 18+ aged, general public, Minnehaha County, South Dakota, USA 1995-2005 N = 3865
Mean
= 3.410
SD
= 0.580
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Missoula County, Montana 2005 18+ aged, general public, Missoula County, Montana, USA 1995-2005 N = 488
Mean
= 3.450
SD
= 0.600
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Mobile County, Alabama 2005 18+ aged, general public, Mobile County, Alabama, USA 1995-2005 N = 2429
Mean
= 3.360
SD
= 0.660
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Monmouth County, New Jersey 2005 18+ aged, general public, Monmouth County, New Jersey, USA 1995-2005 N = 3189
Mean
= 3.420
SD
= 0.630
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Monroe County, Florida 2005 18+ aged, general public, Monroe County, Florida, USA 1995-2005 N = 964
Mean
= 3.430
SD
= 0.620
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Monroe County, New York 2005 18+ aged, general public, Monroe County, New York, United States, 2005-2010 N = 1516
Mean
= 3.370
SD
= 0.630
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Montgomery County, Maryland 2005 18+ aged, general public, Montgomery County, Maryland, USA 1995-2005 N = 6466
Mean
= 3.440
SD
= 0.610
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Montgomery County, Ohio 2005 18+ aged, general public, Montgomery County, Ohio, USA 1995-2005 N = 3526
Mean
= 3.350
SD
= 0.640
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Montgomery County, Pennsylvania 2005 18+ aged, general public, Montgomery County, Pennsylvania, USA 1995-2005 N = 2159
Mean
= 3.420
SD
= 0.610
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Morris County, New Jersey 2005 18+ aged, general public, Morris County, New Jersey, USA 1995-2005 N = 3668
Mean
= 3.480
SD
= 0.590
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Multnomah County, Oregon 2005 18+ aged, general public, Multnomah County, Oregon, USA 1995-2005 N = 5618
Mean
= 3.340
SD
= 0.630
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Nassau County, Florida 2005 18+ aged, general public, Nassau County, Florida, USA 1995-2005 N = 1021
Mean
= 3.430
SD
= 0.620
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Nassau County, New York 2005 18+ aged, general public, Nassau County, New York, USA 1995-2005 N = 2418
Mean
= 3.390
SD
= 0.610
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Natrona County, Wyoming 2005 18+ aged, general public, Natrona County, Wyoming, USA, 1995-2005 N = 4381
Mean
= 3.400
SD
= 0.600
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US New Castle County, Delaware 2005 18+ aged, general public, New Castle County, Delaware, USA 1995-2005 N = 8442
Mean
= 3.440
SD
= 0.610
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US New Hanover County, North Carolina 2005 18+ aged, general public, New Hanover County, North Carolina, USA 1995-2005 N = 1958
Mean
= 3.430
SD
= 0.610
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US New Haven County, Connecticut 2005 18+ aged, general public, New Haven County, Connecticut, USA 1995-2005 N = 9568
Mean
= 3.380
SD
= 0.620
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US New London County, Connecticut 2005 18+ aged, general public, New London County, Connecticut, USA, 1995-2005 N = 1049
Mean
= 3.420
SD
= 0.640
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Newport County, Rhode Island 2005 18+ aged, general public, Newport County, Rhode Island, USA, 2005-2010 N = 2321
Mean
= 3.440
SD
= 0.640
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Nez Perce County, Idaho 2005 18+ aged, general public, Nez Perce County, Idaho, USA, 1995-2005 N = 1703
Mean
= 3.390
SD
= 0.620
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Norfolk County, Massachusetts 2005 18+ aged, general public, Norfolk County, Massachusetts, USA, 1995-2005 N = 5054
Mean
= 3.460
SD
= 0.600
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Northampton County, Pennsylvania 2005 18+ aged, general public, Northampton County, Pennsylvania, USA, 2005-2010 N = 237
Mean
= 3.480
SD
= 0.560
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Oakland County, Michigan 2005 18+ aged, general public, Oakland County, Michigan, USA 1995-2005 N = 5412
Mean
= 3.390
SD
= 0.620
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Ocean County, New Jersey 2005 18+ aged, general public, Ocean County, New Jersey, USA, 1995-2005 N = 3200
Mean
= 3.410
SD
= 0.630
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Okeechobee County, Florida 2005 18+ aged, general public, Okeechobee County, Florida, USA, 1995-2005 N = 682
Mean
= 3.300
SD
= 0.700
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Oklahoma County, Oklahoma 2005 18+ aged, general public, Oklahoma County, Oklahoma, USA 1995-2005 N = 7058
Mean
= 3.350
SD
= 0.630
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Orange County, California 2005 18+ aged, general public, Orange County, California, USA 1995-2005 N = 3959
Mean
= 3.390
SD
= 0.600
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Orange County, Florida 2005 18+ aged, general public, Orange County, Florida, USA 1995-2005 N = 2727
Mean
= 3.400
SD
= 0.650
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Orange County, North Carolina 2005 18+ aged, general public, Orange County, North Carolina, USA 1995-2005 N = 2133
Mean
= 3.460
SD
= 0.590
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Orange County, Vermont 2005 18+ aged, general public, Orange County, Vermont, USA 1995-2005 N = 2138
Mean
= 3.420
SD
= 0.580
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Orangeburg County, South Carolina 2005 18+ aged, general public, Orangeburg County, South Carolina, USA 1995-2005 N = 511
Mean
= 3.390
SD
= 0.590
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Osceola County, Florida 2005 18+ aged, general public, Osceola County, Florida, USA 1995-2005 N = 1469
Mean
= 3.360
SD
= 0.630
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Ottawa County, Oklahoma 2005 18+ aged, general public, Ottawa County, Oklahoma, USA 1995-2005 N = 494
Mean
= 3.340
SD
= 0.660
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Palm Beach County, Florida 2005 18+ aged, general public, Palm Beach County, Florida, USA 1995-2005 N = 2370
Mean
= 3.450
SD
= 0.620
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Pasco County, Florida 2005 18+ aged, general public, Pasco County, Florida, USA 1995-2005 N = 1038
Mean
= 3.340
SD
= 0.670
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Passaic County, New Jersey 2005 18+ aged, general public, Passaic County, New Jersey, USA 1995-2005 N = 3223
Mean
= 3.330
SD
= 0.620
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Pennington County, South Dakota 2005 18+ aged, general public, Pennington County, South Dakota USA, 1995-2005 N = 4472
Mean
= 3.420
SD
= 0.590
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Penobscot County, Maine 2005 18+ aged, general public, Penobscot County, Maine, USA 1995-2005 N = 2571
Mean
= 3.400
SD
= 0.610
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Pierce County, Washington 2005 18+ aged, general public, Pierce County, Washington, USA 1995-2005 N = 10225
Mean
= 3.380
SD
= 0.630
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Pima County, Arizona 2005 18+ aged, general public, Pima County, Arizona, USA 1995-2005 N = 4324
Mean
= 3.440
SD
= 0.630
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Pinal County, Arizona 2005 18+ aged, general public, Pinal County, Arizona, USA 1995-2005 N = 2377
Mean
= 3.410
SD
= 0.610
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Pinellas County, Florida 2005 18+ aged, general public, Pinellas County, Florida, USA 1995-2005 N = 2061
Mean
= 3.420
SD
= 0.640
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Pittsburg County, Oklahoma 2005 18+ aged, general public, Pittsburg County, Oklahoma, USA 1995-2005 N = 593
Mean
= 3.390
SD
= 0.670
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Placer County, California 2005 18+ aged, general public, Placer County, California, USA 1995-2005 N = 225
Mean
= 3.520
SD
= 0.580
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Plymouth County, Massachusetts 2005 18+ aged, general public, Plymouth County, Massachusetts, USA 1995-2005 N = 3664
Mean
= 3.420
SD
= 0.630
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Polk County, Florida 2005 18+ aged, general public, Polk County, Florida, USA 1995-2005 N = 964
Mean
= 3.360
SD
= 0.660
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Polk County, Iowa 2005 18+ aged, general public, Polk County, Iowa, USA 1995-2005 N = 4324
Mean
= 3.440
SD
= 0.590
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Pottawatomie County, Oklahoma 2005 18+ aged, general public, Pottawatomie County, Oklahoma, USA 1995-2005 N = 526
Mean
= 3.340
SD
= 0.680
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Potter County, Texas 2005 18+ aged, general public, Potter County, Texas, USA 1995-2005 N = 321
Mean
= 3.400
SD
= 0.630
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Prince George's County, Maryland 2005 18+ aged, general public, Prince George's County, Maryland, USA 1995-2005 N = 4001
Mean
= 3.420
SD
= 0.590
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Providence County, Rhode Island 2005 18+ aged, general public, Providence County, Rhode Island, USA 1995-2005 N = 17971
Mean
= 3.340
SD
= 0.630
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Pulaski County, Arkansas 2005 18+ aged, general public, Pulaski County, Arkansas, USA 1995-2005 N = 3781
Mean
= 3.430
SD
= 0.620
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Queen Anne's County, Maryland 2005 18+ aged, general public, Queen Anne's County, Maryland, USA 1995-2005 N = 1331
Mean
= 3.480
SD
= 0.570
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Ramsey County, Minnesota 2005 18+ aged, general public, Ramsey County, Minnesota, USA 1995-2005 N = 2954
Mean
= 3.370
SD
= 0.620
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Randall County, Texas 2005 18+ aged, general public, Randall County, Texas, USA 1995-2005 N = 713
Mean
= 3.450
SD
= 0.600
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Randolph County, North Carolina 2005 18+ aged, general public, Randolph County, North Carolina, USA 1995-2005 N = 2312
Mean
= 3.350
SD
= 0.620
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Rankin County, Mississippi 2005 18+ aged, general public, Rankin County, Mississippi, USA 1995-2005 N = 863
Mean
= 3.470
SD
= 0.600
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Rapides Parish, Louisiana 2005 18+ aged, general public, Rapides Parish, Louisiana, usa 1995-2005 N = 438
Mean
= 3.470
SD
= 0.630
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Richland County, South Carolina 2005 18+ aged, general public, Richland County, South Carolina, USA 1995-2005 N = 3592
Mean
= 3.440
SD
= 0.600
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Riley County, Kansas 2005 18+ aged, general public, Riley County, Kansas, USA 1995-2005 N = 279
Mean
= 3.460
SD
= 0.710
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Riverside County, California 2005 18+ aged, general public, Riverside County, California, USA 1995-2005 N = 3390
Mean
= 3.360
SD
= 0.620
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Rockingham County, New Hampshire 2005 18+ aged, general public, Rockingham County, New Hampshire, USA 1995-2005 N = 5857
Mean
= 3.440
SD
= 0.610
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Rogers County, Oklahoma 2005 18+ aged, general public, Rogers County, Oklahoma, USA 1995-2005 N = 483
Mean
= 3.410
SD
= 0.660
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Rutland County, Vermont 2005 18+ aged, general public, Rutland County, Vermont, USA 1995-2005 N = 4039
Mean
= 3.410
SD
= 0.600
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Sagadahoc County, Maine 2005 18+ aged, general public, Sagadahoc County, Maine, USA 1995-2005 N = 1150
Mean
= 3.470
SD
= 0.600
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Salt Lake County, Utah 2005 18+ aged, general public, Salt Lake County, Utah, usa 1995-2005 N = 12795
Mean
= 3.410
SD
= 0.600
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US San Bernardino County, California 2005 18+ aged, general public, San Bernardino County, California, USA 1995-2005 N = 3172
Mean
= 3.330
SD
= 0.620
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US San Diego County, California 2005 18+ aged, general public, San Diego County, California, USA 1995-2005 N = 5533
Mean
= 3.390
SD
= 0.600
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US San Juan County, New Mexico 2005 18+ aged, general public, San Juan County, New Mexico, USA 1995-2005 N = 2648
Mean
= 3.380
SD
= 0.620
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US San Mateo County, California 2005 18+ aged, general public, San Mateo County, California, USA 1995-2005 N = 659
Mean
= 3.400
SD
= 0.610
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Sandoval County, New Mexico 2005 18+ aged, general public, Sandoval County, New Mexico, USA 1995-2005 N = 2544
Mean
= 3.440
SD
= 0.630
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Santa Clara County, California 2005 18+ aged, general public, Santa Clara County, California, USA 1995-2005 N = 2083
Mean
= 3.360
SD
= 0.590
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Santa Cruz County, Arizona 2005 18+ aged, general public, Santa Cruz County, Arizona, USA 1995-2005 N = 1461
Mean
= 3.380
SD
= 0.610
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Santa Fe County, New Mexico 2005 18+ aged, general public, Santa Fe County, New Mexico, USA 1995-2005 N = 3316
Mean
= 3.400
SD
= 0.610
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Santa Rosa County, Florida 2005 18+ aged, general public, Santa Rosa County, Florida, USA 1995-2005 N = 945
Mean
= 3.520
SD
= 0.560
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Sarasota County, Florida 2005 18+ aged, general public, Sarasota County, Florida, USA 1995-2005 N = 1339
Mean
= 3.420
SD
= 0.610
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Sarpy County, Nebraska 2005 18+ aged, general public, Sarpy County, Nebraska, USA 1995-2005 N = 2701
Mean
= 3.460
SD
= 0.580
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Scott County, Iowa 2005 18+ aged, general public, Scott County, Iowa, USA 1995-2005 N = 710
Mean
= 3.400
SD
= 0.630
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Scotts Bluff County, Nebraska 2005 18+ aged, general public, Scotts Bluff County, Nebraska, USA 1995-2005 N = 3228
Mean
= 3.410
SD
= 0.590
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Sedgwick County, Kansas 2005 18+ aged, general public, Sedgwick County, Kansas, USA 1995-2005 N = 9185
Mean
= 3.400
SD
= 0.600
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Seminole County, Florida 2005 18+ aged, general public, Seminole County, Florida, USA 1995-2005 N = 968
Mean
= 3.460
SD
= 0.620
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Sequoyah County, Oklahoma 2005 18+ aged, general public, Sequoyah County, Oklahoma, USA 1995-2005 N = 518
Mean
= 3.370
SD
= 0.610
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Seward County, Nebraska 2005 18+ aged, general public, Seward County, Nebraska, USA 1995-2005 N = 1
Mean
= 3.470
SD
= 0.570
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Shawnee County, Kansas 2005 18+ aged, general public, Shawnee County, Kansas, USA 1995-2005 N = 4245
Mean
= 3.390
SD
= 0.590
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Shelby County, Tennessee 2005 18+ aged, general public, Shelby County, Tennessee, USA 1995-2005 N = 1862
Mean
= 3.410
SD
= 0.620
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Silver Bow County, Montana 2005 18+ aged, general public, Silver Bow County, Montana, USA 1995-2005 N = 1077
Mean
= 3.380
SD
= 0.630
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Skamania County, Washington 2005 18+ aged, general public, Skamania County, Washington, USA 1995-2005 N = 250
Mean
= 3.400
SD
= 0.600
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Smith County, Texas 2005 18+ aged, general public, V, USA 1995-2005 N = 1124
Mean
= 3.480
SD
= 0.610
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Snohomish County, Washington 2005 18+ aged, general public, Snohomish County, Washington, USA 1995-2005 N = 10673
Mean
= 3.360
SD
= 0.630
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Somerset County, New Jersey 2005 18+ aged, general public, Somerset County, New Jersey, USA 1995-2005 N = 3016
Mean
= 3.460
SD
= 0.590
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Spartanburg County, South Carolina 2005 18+ aged, general public, Spartanburg County, South Carolina, United States, 1995-2005 N = 498
Mean
= 3.400
SD
= 0.660
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US St. Johns County, Florida 2005 18+ aged, general public, St. Johns County, Florida, USA 1995-2005 N = 1029
Mean
= 3.480
SD
= 0.640
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US St. Louis County, Missouri 2005 18+ aged, general public, St. Louis County, Missouri, USA 1995-2005 N = 2653
Mean
= 3.400
SD
= 0.630
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US St. Lucie County, Florida 2005 18+ aged, general public, St. Lucie County, Florida, USA 1995-2005 N = 965
Mean
= 3.350
SD
= 0.650
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US St. Tammany Parish, Louisiana 2005 18+ aged, general public, St. Tammany Parish, Louisiana, USA 1995-2005 N = 1806
Mean
= 3.500
SD
= 0.610
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Stark County, Ohio 2005 18+ aged, general public, Stark County, Ohio, United States, 1995-2005 N = 2920
Mean
= 3.360
SD
= 0.630
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Stone County, Mississippi 2005 18+ aged, general public, Stone County, Mississippi, USA 1995-2005 N = 308
Mean
= 3.370
SD
= 0.610
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Strafford County, New Hampshire 2005 18+ aged, general public, Strafford County, New Hampshire, USA 1995-2005 N = 3586
Mean
= 3.400
SD
= 0.620
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Suffolk County, Massachusetts 2005 18+ aged, general public, Suffolk County, Massachusetts, USA 1995-2005 N = 9505
Mean
= 3.330
SD
= 0.620
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Suffolk County, New York 2005 18+ aged, general public, Sullivan County, Tennessee, USA 1995-2005 N = 2817
Mean
= 3.350
SD
= 0.620
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Sullivan County, Tennessee 2005 18+ aged, general public,Sullivan County, Tennessee, USA 1995-2005 N = 1167
Mean
= 3.380
SD
= 0.610
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Summit County, Ohio 2005 18+ aged, general public, Summit County, Ohio, USA 1995-2005 N = 4743
Mean
= 3.380
SD
= 0.650
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Summit County, Utah 2005 18+ aged, general public, Summit County, Utah, United States, 1995-2005 N = 1427
Mean
= 3.540
SD
= 0.580
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Sussex County, Delaware 2005 18+ aged, general public, Sussex County, Delaware region, United States, 1995-2005 N = 7645
Mean
= 3.460
SD
= 0.620
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Sussex County, New Jersey 2005 18+ aged, general public, Sussex County, New Jersey, United States, 1995-2005 N = 2805
Mean
= 3.420
SD
= 0.620
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Sweetwater County, Wyoming 2005 18+ aged, general public, Sweetwater County, Wyoming, United States, 1995-2005 N = 1254
Mean
= 3.390
SD
= 0.590
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Tarrant County, Texas 2005 18+ aged, general public, Tarrant County, Texas, USA 1995-2005 N = 3489
Mean
= 3.420
SD
= 0.620
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Terrebonne Parish, Louisiana 2005 18+ aged, general public, Terrebonne Parish, Louisiana region, United States, 1995-2005 N = 288
Mean
= 3.460
SD
= 0.630
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Thurston County, Washington 2005 18+ aged, general public, Thurston County, Washington, United States, 1995-2005 N = 8016
Mean
= 3.380
SD
= 0.630
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Tolland County, Connecticut 2005 18+ aged, general public, Tolland County, Connecticut region, United States, 1995-2005 N = 1453
Mean
= 3.450
SD
= 0.590
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Tooele County, Utah 2005 18+ aged, general public, Tooele County, Utah, United States, 1995-2005 N = 2093
Mean
= 3.410
SD
= 0.620
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Travis County, Texas 2005 18+ aged, general public, Travis County, Texas, United States, 1995-2005 N = 3251
Mean
= 3.410
SD
= 0.610
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Tulsa County, Oklahoma 2005 18+ aged, general public, Tulsa County, Oklahoma, USA 1995-2005 N = 8130
Mean
= 3.370
SD
= 0.650
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Tuscaloosa County, Alabama 2005 18+ aged, general public, Tuscaloosa County, Alabama, USA,1995- 2005 N = 1260
Mean
= 3.360
SD
= 0.640
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Twin Falls County, Idaho 2005 18+ aged, general public, Twin Falls County, Idaho, USA 1995-2005 N = 410
Mean
= 3.470
SD
= 0.590
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Union County, New Jersey 2005 18+ aged, general public, Union County, New Jersey, USA 1995-2005 N = 2681
Mean
= 3.350
SD
= 0.620
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Union County, North Carolina 2005 18+ aged, general public, Union County, North Carolina, USA 1995-2005 N = 2203
Mean
= 3.460
SD
= 0.590
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Utah County, Utah 2005 18+ aged, general public, Utah County, Utah, USA 1995-2005 N = 4241
Mean
= 3.460
SD
= 0.590
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Val Verde County, Texas 2005 18+ aged, general public, Val Verde County, Texas, USA 1995-2005 N = 531
Mean
= 3.360
SD
= 0.560
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Valencia County, New Mexico 2005 18+ aged, general public, Valencia County, New Mexico, USA 1995-2005 N = 1238
Mean
= 3.340
SD
= 0.640
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Vanderburgh County, Indiana 2005 18+ aged, general public, Vanderburgh County, Indiana, USA, 1995-2005 N = 237
Mean
= 3.280
SD
= 0.700
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Volusia County, Florida 2005 18+ aged, general public, Volusia County, Florida, USA 1995-2005 N = 1297
Mean
= 3.320
SD
= 0.660
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Wagoner County, Oklahoma 2005 18+ aged, general public, Wagoner County, Oklahoma, USA 1995-2005 N = 584
Mean
= 3.410
SD
= 0.600
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Wake County, North Carolina 2005 18+ aged, general public, Wake County, North Carolina, USA 1995-2005 N = 3905
Mean
= 3.460
SD
= 0.600
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Wakulla County, Florida 2005 18+ aged, general public, Wakulla County, Florida, USA, 1995-2005 N = 1025
Mean
= 3.370
SD
= 0.640
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Ward County, North Dakota 2005 18+ aged, general public, Ward County, North Dakota, USA 1995-2005 N = 2035
Mean
= 3.490
SD
= 0.560
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Warren County, New Jersey 2005 18+ aged, general public, Warren County, New Jersey, USA 1995-2005 N = 2669
Mean
= 3.420
SD
= 0.610
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Wasatch County, Utah 2005 18+ aged, general public, Wasatch County, Utah, USA 1995-2005 N = 509
Mean
= 3.580
SD
= 0.520
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Washington County, Arkansas 2005 18+ aged, general public, Washington County, Arkansas, USA 1995-2005 N = 1846
Mean
= 3.430
SD
= 0.610
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Washington County, Maryland 2005 18+ aged, general public, Washington County, Maryland, USA 1995-2005 N = 2382
Mean
= 3.390
SD
= 0.650
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Washington County, Minnesota 2005 18+ aged, general public, Washington County, Minnesota, USA 1995-2005 N = 244
Mean
= 3.540
SD
= 0.590
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Washington County, Oklahoma 2005 18+ aged, general public, Washington County, Oklahoma, USA 1995-2005 N = 487
Mean
= 3.460
SD
= 0.620
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Washington County, Oregon 2005 18+ aged, general public, Washington County, Oregon, USA 1995-2005 N = 3808
Mean
= 3.420
SD
= 0.610
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Washington County, Rhode Island 2005 18+ aged, general public, Washington County, Rhode Island, USA 1995-2005 N = 3397
Mean
= 3.460
SD
= 0.590
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Washington County, Vermont 2005 18+ aged, general public, Washington County, Vermont, USA 1995-2005 N = 4020
Mean
= 3.420
SD
= 0.600
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Washoe County, Nevada 2005 18+ aged, general public, Washoe County, Nevada, USA 1995-2005 N = 7640
Mean
= 3.400
SD
= 0.620
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Wayne County, Michigan 2005 18+ aged, general public, Wayne County, Michigan, USA 1995-2005 N = 9776
Mean
= 3.270
SD
= 0.670
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Webb County, Texas 2005 18+ aged, general public, Webb County, Texas, USA 1995-2005 N = 1342
Mean
= 3.390
SD
= 0.600
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Weber County, Utah 2005 18+ aged, general public, Weber County, Utah, USA 1995-2005 N = 3104
Mean
= 3.440
SD
= 0.590
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Weld County, Colorado 2005 18+ aged, general public, V, USA 1995-2005 N = 1454
Mean
= 3.410
SD
= 0.590
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Westchester County, New York-Newark-Bridgeport 2005 18+ aged, general public, Westchester County, New York-Newark-Bridgeport, USA 1995-2005 N = 1831
Mean
= 3.420
SD
= 0.590
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Westmoreland County, Rhode Island 2005 18+ aged, general public, Westmoreland County, Rhode Island, USA 1995-2005 N = 3397
Mean
= 3.460
SD
= 0.590
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Westmoreland, Pennsylvania 2005 18+ aged, general public, Westmoreland, Pennsylvania, USA 1995-2005 N = 1672
Mean
= 3.420
SD
= 0.600
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Whatcom County, Washington 2005 18+ aged, general public, Whatcom County, Washington, USA 1995-2005 N = 1138
Mean
= 3.410
SD
= 0.620
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Wichita County, Texas 2005 18+ aged, general public, Wichita County, Texas, USA 1995-2005 N = 1077
Mean
= 3.380
SD
= 0.630
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Will County, Illinois 2005 18+ aged, general public, Will County, Illinois, USA 1995- 2005 N = 284
Mean
= 3.410
SD
= 0.590
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Williamson County, Texas 2005 18+ aged, general public, Williamson County, Texas, United States, 1995-2005 N = 908
Mean
= 3.480
SD
= 0.610
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Windsor County, Vermont 2005 18+ aged, general public, Windsor County, Vermont, USA 1995-2005 N = 4018
Mean
= 3.420
SD
= 0.600
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Worcester County, Massachusetts 2005 18+ aged, general public, Worcester County, Massachusetts, USA 1995-2005 N = 11415
Mean
= 3.410
SD
= 0.620
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Yakima County, Washington 2005 18+ aged, general public, Yakima County, Washington, USA 1995-2005 N = 4435
Mean
= 3.370
SD
= 0.620
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Yamhill County, Oregon 2005 18+ aged, general public, Yamhill County, Oregon, USA 1995-2005 N = 274
Mean
= 3.380
SD
= 0.600
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Yellowstone County, Montana 2005 18+ aged, general public, Yellowstone County, Montana, USA 1995-2005 N = 2842
Mean
= 3.400
SD
= 0.640
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US York County, Maine 2005 18+ aged, general public, York County, Maine, USA 1995-2005 N = 4153
Mean
= 3.430
SD
= 0.620
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US York County, South Carolina 2005 18+ aged, general public, York County, South Carolina, USA 1995-2005 N = 612
Mean
= 3.430
SD
= 0.620
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Yuma County, Arizona 2005 18+ aged, general public, Yuma County, Arizona, USA 1995-2005 N = 1544
Mean
= 3.400
SD
= 0.590
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Alabama 2005 18+ aged, general public, Alabama, USA, 2005 N = 3197
Mean
= 3.365
SD
= 0.663
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Alaska 2005 18+ aged, general public, Alaska, USA, 2005 N = 2813
Mean
= 3.379
SD
= 0.624
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Arizona 2005 18+ aged, general public, Arizona, USA, 2005 N = 4750
Mean
= 3.417
SD
= 0.631
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Arkansas 2005 18+ aged, general public, Arkansas, USA, 2005 N = 5280
Mean
= 3.381
SD
= 0.630
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US California 2005 18+ aged, general public, California, USA, 2005 N = 6134
Mean
= 3.371
SD
= 0.624
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Colorado 2005 18+ aged, general public, Colorado, USA, 2005 N = 5979
Mean
= 3.419
SD
= 0.604
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Connecticut 2005 18+ aged, general public, Connecticut, USA, 2005 N = 5254
Mean
= 3.372
SD
= 0.630
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Delaware 2005 18+ aged, general public, Delaware, USA, 2005 N = 4192
Mean
= 3.419
SD
= 0.619
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US District of Columbia, District of Columbia 2005 18+ aged, general public, District of Columbia, USA, 2005 N = 3743
Mean
= 3.389
SD
= 0.631
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Florida 2005 18+ aged, general public, Florida, USA, 2005 N = 8190
Mean
= 3.406
SD
= 0.653
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Georgia 2005 18+ aged, general public, Georgia, USA, 2005 N = 6064
Mean
= 3.380
SD
= 0.653
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Hawaii 2005 18+ aged, general public, Hawaii, USA, 2005 N = 6416
Mean
= 3.439
SD
= 0.590
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Idaho 2005 18+ aged, general public, Idaho, USA, 2005 N = 5734
Mean
= 3.399
SD
= 0.613
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Illinois 2005 18+ aged, general public, Illinois, USA, 2005 N = 5077
Mean
= 3.393
SD
= 0.638
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Indiana 2005 18+ aged, general public, Indiana, USA, 2005 N = 5635
Mean
= 3.342
SD
= 0.621
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Iowa 2005 18+ aged, general public, Iowa, USA, 2005 N = 5051
Mean
= 3.384
SD
= 0.613
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Kansas 2005 18+ aged, general public, Kansas, USA, 2005 N = 8626
Mean
= 3.387
SD
= 0.613
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Kentucky 2005 18+ aged, general public, Kentucky, USA, 2005 N = 6628
Mean
= 3.307
SD
= 0.673
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Louisiana 2005 18+ aged, general public, Louisiana, USA, 2005 N = 2936
Mean
= 3.389
SD
= 0.668
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Maine 2005 18+ aged, general public, Maine, USA, 2005 N = 3960
Mean
= 3.401
SD
= 0.628
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Maryland 2005 18+ aged, general public, Maryland, USA, 2005 N = 8632
Mean
= 3.401
SD
= 0.635
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Massachusetts 2005 18+ aged, general public, Massachusetts, USA, 2005 N = 8906
Mean
= 3.342
SD
= 0.650
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Michigan 2005 18+ aged, general public, Michigan, USA, 2005 N = 12136
Mean
= 3.356
SD
= 0.632
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Minnesota 2005 18+ aged, general public, Minnesota, USA, 2005 N = 2829
Mean
= 3.412
SD
= 0.626
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Missisippi 2005 18+ aged, general public, Missisippi, USA, 2005 N = 4439
Mean
= 3.361
SD
= 0.646
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Missouri 2005 18+ aged, general public, Missouri, USA, 2005 N = 5164
Mean
= 3.324
SD
= 0.635
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Montana 2005 18+ aged, general public, Montana, USA, 2005 N = 4983
Mean
= 3.388
SD
= 0.627
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Nebraska 2005 18+ aged, general public, Nebraska, USA, 2005 N = 8332
Mean
= 3.367
SD
= 0.619
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Nevada 2005 18+ aged, general public, Nevada, USA, 2005 N = 3161
Mean
= 3.362
SD
= 0.645
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US NewHampshire 2005 18+ aged, general public, NewHampshire, USA, 2005 N = 6038
Mean
= 3.420
SD
= 0.618
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US NewJersey 2005 18+ aged, general public, NewJersey, USA 2005 N = 13663
Mean
= 3.359
SD
= 0.638
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US NewMexico 2005 18+ aged, general public, New Mexico, USA, 2005 N = 5585
Mean
= 3.359
SD
= 0.641
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US NewYork 2005 18+ aged, general public, New York state, USA, 2005 N = 7796
Mean
= 3.338
SD
= 0.627
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US NorthCarolina 2005 18+ aged, general public, North Carolina, USA, 2005 N = 17261
Mean
= 3.384
SD
= 0.633
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US NorthDakota 2005 18+ aged, general public, North Dakota, USA, 2005 N = 4010
Mean
= 3.395
SD
= 0.575
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Ohio 2005 18+ aged, general public, Ohio, USA, 2005 N = 7498
Mean
= 3.321
SD
= 0.647
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Oklahoma 2005 18+ aged, general public, Oklahoma, USA, 2005 N = 13707
Mean
= 3.364
SD
= 0.641
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Oregon 2005 18+ aged, general public, Oregon, USA 2005 N = 12015
Mean
= 3.357
SD
= 0.647
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Pennsylvania 2005 18+ aged, general public, Pennsylvania, USA, 2005 N = 13378
Mean
= 3.324
SD
= 0.649
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US RhodeIsland 2005 18+ aged, general public, Rhode Island, USA, 2005 N = 3976
Mean
= 3.369
SD
= 0.641
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US SouthCarolina 2005 18+ aged, general public, South Carolina, USA, 2005 N = 8440
Mean
= 3.400
SD
= 0.632
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US SouthDakota 2005 18+ aged, general public, South Dakota, USA, 2005 N = 6915
Mean
= 3.390
SD
= 0.582
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Tennessee 2005 18+ aged, general public, Tennessee, USA, 2005 N = 4749
Mean
= 3.394
SD
= 0.656
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Texas 2005 18+ aged, general public, Texas, USA, 2005 N = 6512
Mean
= 3.396
SD
= 0.639
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Utah 2005 18+ aged, general public, Utah, USA, 2005 N = 5137
Mean
= 3.409
SD
= 0.616
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Vermont 2005 18+ aged, general public, Vermont, USA, 2005 N = 6763
Mean
= 3.401
SD
= 0.616
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Virginia 2005 18+ aged, general public, Virginia, USA, 2005 N = 5493
Mean
= 3.399
SD
= 0.625
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Washington 2005 18+ aged, general public, Washington state, USA, 2005 N = 23302
Mean
= 3.376
SD
= 0.638
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US WestVirginia 2005 18+ aged, general public, West Virginia, USA, 2005 N = 3553
Mean
= 3.302
SD
= 0.680
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Wisconsin 2005 18+ aged, general public, Wisconsin, USA, 2005 N = 4900
Mean
= 3.351
SD
= 0.634
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Wyoming 2005 18+ aged, general public, Wyoming, USA, 2005 N = 5009
Mean
= 3.425
SD
= 0.598
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Puerto Rico 2005 18+ aged, general public, Puerto Rico, USA, 2005 N = 3789
Mean
= 3.311
SD
= 0.611
Centers for Disease Control (2010): study US Virgin Islands 2005 18+ aged, general public, Virgin Islands, USA, 2005 N = 2422
Mean
= 3.339
SD
= 0.601
Haski-Leventhal (2009): study ZZ Europe 2007 50+ aged, 12 European Nations, 2007 N = 30023
Gaymu & Springer (2010): study ZZ Europe 2004 60+ aged living alone, 10 European Nations, 2004 N = 3501
Daly et al. (2011): study US 2005 18-85 aged, general public, United States, 2005-2008 N = 1300000