print

Happiness Measures

Characteristics

Code:
O-HL-u-sq-v-3-k
Focus:
Overall: Happiness in Life (O-HL)
Time frame:
time unspecified (u)
Mode:
1 question (sq)
Scale Type:
verbal scale (v)
Scale Range:
3

Description

Selfreport on single question:

So far as you are concerned,  how do you personally feel about your life?
3  happy
2  neither happy nor unhappy
1  unhappy

List of Studies Using this Measure

Study Population N Statistics Gallup-WIN (2011): study AF 2011 16+ aged, general public, Afghanistan, 2011 N = 1031
Mean
= 2.357
SD
= 0.759
Gallup-WIN (2011): study AR 2011 16+ aged, general public, Argentina, 2011 N = 1002
Mean
= 2.610
SD
= 0.598
Gallup-WIN (2011): study AM 2011 16+ aged, general public, Armenia, 2011 N = 500
Mean
= 2.612
SD
= 0.664
Gallup-WIN (2011): study AU 2011 16+ aged, general public, Australia, 2011 N = 1040
Mean
= 2.384
SD
= 0.762
Gallup-WIN (2011): study AT 2011 16+ aged, general public, Austria, 2011 N = 1003
Mean
= 2.531
SD
= 0.626
Gallup-WIN (2011): study AZ 2011 16+ aged, general public, Azerbaijan, 2011 N = 510
Mean
= 2.551
SD
= 0.574
Gallup-WIN (2011): study BE 2011 16+ aged, general public, Belgium, 2011 N = 528
Mean
= 2.474
SD
= 0.627
Gallup-WIN (2011): study BA 2011 16+ aged, general public, Bosnia Herzegovina, 2011 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.364
SD
= 0.758
Gallup-WIN (2011): study BR 2011 16+ aged, general public, Brazil, 2011 N = 2002
Mean
= 2.636
SD
= 0.703
Gallup-WIN (2011): study BG 2011 16+ aged, general public, Bulgaria, 2011 N = 997
Mean
= 2.309
SD
= 0.602
Gallup-WIN (2011): study CM 2011 16+ aged, general public, Cameroon, 2011 N = 504
Mean
= 2.429
SD
= 0.655
Gallup-WIN (2011): study CA 2011 16+ aged, general public, Canada, 2011 N = 1003
Mean
= 2.475
SD
= 0.716
Gallup-WIN (2011): study CN 2011 16+ aged, general public, China, 2011 N = 500
Mean
= 2.242
SD
= 0.726
Gallup-WIN (2011): study CO 2011 16+ aged, general public, Colombia, 2011 N = 606
Mean
= 2.717
SD
= 0.513
Gallup-WIN (2011): study CZ 2011 16+ aged, general public, Czech Republic, 2011 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.293
SD
= 0.670
Gallup-WIN (2011): study DK 2011 16+ aged, general public, Denmark, 2011 N = 506
Mean
= 2.657
SD
= 0.622
Gallup-WIN (2011): study EC 2011 16+ aged, general public, Ecuador, 2011 N = 400
Mean
= 2.576
SD
= 0.605
Gallup-WIN (2011): study EG 2011 16+ aged, general public, Egypt, 2011 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.000
SD
= 0.885
Gallup-WIN (2011): study FJ 2011 16+ aged, general public, Fiji, 2011 N = 1020
Mean
= 2.850
SD
= 0.456
Gallup-WIN (2011): study FI 2011 16+ aged, general public, Finland, 2011 N = 984
Mean
= 2.710
SD
= 0.475
Gallup-WIN (2011): study FR 2011 16+ aged, general public, France, 2011 N = 1671
Mean
= 2.404
SD
= 0.634
Gallup-WIN (2011): study DE 2011 16+ aged, general public, Germany, 2011 N = 502
Mean
= 2.687
SD
= 0.544
Gallup-WIN (2011): study GH 2011 16+ aged, general public, Ghana, 2011 N = 1505
Mean
= 2.742
SD
= 0.630
Gallup-WIN (2011): study HK 2011 16+ aged, general public, Hong Kong, 2011 N = 500
Mean
= 2.300
SD
= 0.656
Gallup-WIN (2011): study IS 2011 16+ aged, general public, Iceland, 2011 N = 852
Mean
= 2.667
SD
= 0.603
Gallup-WIN (2011): study IN 2011 16+ aged, general public, India, 2011 N = 1091
Mean
= 2.374
SD
= 0.719
Gallup-WIN (2011): study IQ 2011 16+ aged, general public, Iraq, 2011 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.194
SD
= 0.853
Gallup-WIN (2011): study IE 2011 16+ aged, general public, Ireland, 2011 N = 1001
Mean
= 2.200
SD
= 0.812
Gallup-WIN (2011): study IT 2011 16+ aged, general public, Italy, 2011 N = 987
Mean
= 2.255
SD
= 0.628
Gallup-WIN (2011): study JP 2011 16+ aged, general public, Japan, 2011 N = 1200
Mean
= 2.516
SD
= 0.542
Gallup-WIN (2011): study KE 2011 Adults, age range not reported, general public, Kenya, 2011 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.204
SD
= 0.832
Gallup-WIN (2011): study KR 2011 Adults, age range not reported, general public, Korea,(South), 2011 N = 1524
Mean
= 2.449
SD
= 0.641
Gallup-WIN (2011): study LB 2011 16+ aged, general public, Lebanon, 2011 N = 500
Mean
= 2.230
SD
= 0.893
Gallup-WIN (2011): study LT 2011 16+ aged, general public, Lithuania, 2011 N = 1025
Mean
= 2.092
SD
= 0.784
Gallup-WIN (2011): study MK 2011 16+ aged, general public, Macedonia, 2011 N = 1209
Mean
= 2.398
SD
= 0.651
Gallup-WIN (2011): study MY 2011 16+ aged, general public, Malaysia, 2011 N = 520
Mean
= 2.633
SD
= 0.542
Gallup-WIN (2011): study MD 2011 16+ aged, general public, Moldova, 2011 N = 1086
Mean
= 2.312
SD
= 0.718
Gallup-WIN (2011): study NL 2011 16+ aged, general public, Netherlands, 2011 N = 505
Mean
= 2.770
SD
= 0.507
Gallup-WIN (2011): study NG 2011 16+ aged, general public, Nigeria, 2011 N = 1049
Mean
= 2.838
SD
= 0.507
Gallup-WIN (2011): study PK 2011 16+ aged, general public, Pakistan, 2011 N = 2705
Mean
= 2.312
SD
= 0.651
Gallup-WIN (2011): study PS 2011 16+ aged, general public, Palestina, 2011 N = 626
Mean
= 2.061
SD
= 0.750
Gallup-WIN (2011): study PE Amazonas 2011 16+ aged, general public, Amazonas, Peru, 2011 N = 1207
Mean
= 2.560
SD
= 0.622
Gallup-WIN (2011): study RO 2011 16+ aged, general public, Romania, 2011 N = 1050
Mean
= 1.887
SD
= 0.823
Gallup-WIN (2011): study RU 2011 16+ aged, general public, Russia, 2011 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.348
SD
= 0.638
Gallup-WIN (2011): study SA 2011 16+ aged, general public, Saudi Arabia, 2011 N = 502
Mean
= 2.600
SD
= 0.663
Gallup-WIN (2011): study RS 2011 16+ aged, general public, Serbia, 2011 N = 1037
Mean
= 2.084
SD
= 0.706
Gallup-WIN (2011): study ZA 2011 16+ aged, general public, South Africa, 2011 N = 200
Mean
= 2.343
SD
= 0.831
Gallup-WIN (2011): study SS 2011 16+ aged, general public, South Sudan, 2011 N = 1020
Mean
= 2.480
SD
= 0.745
Gallup-WIN (2011): study ES 2011 16+ aged, general public, Spain, 2011 N = 1146
Mean
= 2.556
SD
= 0.714
Gallup-WIN (2011): study SE 2011 16+ aged, general public, Sweden, 2011 N = 501
Mean
= 2.551
SD
= 0.574
Gallup-WIN (2011): study CH 2011 16+ aged, general public, Switzerland, 2011 N = 507
Mean
= 2.760
SD
= 0.531
Gallup-WIN (2011): study TN 2011 16+ aged, general public, Tunisia, 2011 N = 503
Mean
= 2.465
SD
= 0.701
Gallup-WIN (2011): study TR 2011 16+ aged, general public, Turkey, 2011 N = 1031
Mean
= 2.263
SD
= 0.747
Gallup-WIN (2011): study UA 2011 16+ aged, general public, Ukraine, 2011 N = 1013
Mean
= 2.309
SD
= 0.715
Gallup-WIN (2011): study US 2011 16+ aged, general public, United States, 2011 N = 1002
Mean
= 2.333
SD
= 0.791
Gallup-WIN (2011): study UZ 2011 16+ aged, general public, Uzbekistan, 2011 N = 500
Mean
= 2.667
SD
= 0.535
Gallup-WIN (2011): study VN 2011 16+ aged, general public, Viet Nam, 2011 N = 500
Mean
= 2.370
SD
= 0.783
Gallup-WIN (2012): study AF 2012 18+ aged, general public, Afghanistan 2012 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.380
SD
= 0.772
Gallup-WIN (2012): study AR 2012 18+ aged, general public, Argentina, 2012 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.600
SD
= 0.632
Gallup-WIN (2012): study AM 2012 18+ aged, general public, Armenia, 2012 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.469
SD
= 0.610
Gallup-WIN (2012): study AU 2012 18+ aged, general public, Australia, 2012 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.394
SD
= 0.736
Gallup-WIN (2012): study AT 2012 18+ aged, general public, Austria 2012 N = 1000
Gallup-WIN (2012): study AZ 2012 18+ aged, general public, Azerbaijan 2012 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.695
SD
= 0.504
Gallup-WIN (2012): study BE 2012 18+ aged, general public, Belgium 2012 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.420
SD
= 0.635
Gallup-WIN (2012): study BA 2012 18+ aged, general public, Bosnia and Herzegovina 2012 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.430
SD
= 0.696
Gallup-WIN (2012): study BR 2012 18+ aged, general public, Brazil 2012 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.747
SD
= 0.575
Gallup-WIN (2012): study BG 2012 18+ aged, general public, Bulgaria 2012 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.312
SD
= 0.601
Gallup-WIN (2012): study CM 2012 18+ aged, general public, Cameroon 2012 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.309
SD
= 0.778
Gallup-WIN (2012): study CA 2012 18+ aged, general public, Canada 2012 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.480
SD
= 0.700
Gallup-WIN (2012): study CN 2012 18+ aged, general public, China 2012 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.300
SD
= 0.781
Gallup-WIN (2012): study CO 2012 18+ aged, general public, Colombia 2012 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.758
SD
= 0.473
Gallup-WIN (2012): study CZ 2012 18+ aged, general public, Czech Republic 2012 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.216
SD
= 0.646
Gallup-WIN (2012): study EC 2012 18+ aged, general public, Ecuador 2012 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.632
SD
= 0.563
Gallup-WIN (2012): study FI 2012 18+ aged, general public, Finland 2012 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.687
SD
= 0.485
Gallup-WIN (2012): study FR 2012 18+ aged, general public, France 2012 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.374
SD
= 0.645
Gallup-WIN (2012): study GE 2012 18+ aged, general public, Georgia 2012 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.526
SD
= 0.578
Gallup-WIN (2012): study DE 2012 18+ aged, general public, Germany 2012 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.374
SD
= 0.747
Gallup-WIN (2012): study HK 2012 18+ aged, general public, Hong Kong 2012 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.253
SD
= 0.657
Gallup-WIN (2012): study IS 2012 18+ aged, general public, Iceland 2012 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.616
SD
= 0.615
Gallup-WIN (2012): study IN 2012 18+ aged, general public, India 2012 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.454
SD
= 0.674
Gallup-WIN (2012): study IQ 2012 18+ aged, general public, Iraq 2012 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.061
SD
= 0.780
Gallup-WIN (2012): study IT 2012 18+ aged, general public, Italy 2012 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.216
SD
= 0.646
Gallup-WIN (2012): study IE 2012 18+ aged, general public, Ireland 2012 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.172
SD
= 0.817
Gallup-WIN (2012): study JP 2012 18+ aged, general public, Japan 2012 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.571
SD
= 0.537
Gallup-WIN (2012): study KE 2012 18+ aged, general public, Kenia 2012 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.450
SD
= 0.805
Gallup-WIN (2012): study KR 2012 18+ aged, general public, Korea (South) 2012 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.424
SD
= 0.668
Gallup-WIN (2012): study LB 2012 18+ aged, general public, Lebanon 2012 N = 1000
Mean
= 1.505
SD
= 0.821
Gallup-WIN (2012): study MK 2012 18+ aged, general public, Macedonia 2012 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.327
SD
= 0.682
Gallup-WIN (2012): study MY 2012 18+ aged, general public, Malaysia 2012 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.750
SD
= 0.497
Gallup-WIN (2012): study MA 2012 18+ aged, general public, Morocco 2012 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.242
SD
= 0.877
Gallup-WIN (2012): study MZ 2012 18+ aged, general public, Mozambique 2012 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.384
SD
= 0.825
Gallup-WIN (2012): study PS 2012 18+ aged, general public, Palestinia 2012 N = 1000
Mean
= 1.889
SD
= 0.840
Gallup-WIN (2012): study PE 2012 18+ aged, general public, Peru 2012 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.636
SD
= 0.577
Gallup-WIN (2012): study PH 2012 18+ aged, general public, Philipines 2012 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.690
SD
= 0.560
Gallup-WIN (2012): study PL 2012 18+ aged, general public, Poland 2012 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.175
SD
= 0.837
Gallup-WIN (2012): study PT 2012 18+ aged, general public, Portugal 2012 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.081
SD
= 0.734
Gallup-WIN (2012): study RO 2012 18+ aged, general public, Romania 2012 N = 1000
Mean
= 1.897
SD
= 0.766
Gallup-WIN (2012): study RU 2012 18+ aged, general public, Russia 2012 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.333
SD
= 0.656
Gallup-WIN (2012): study SA 2012 18+ aged, general public, Saudi Arabia 2012 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.753
SD
= 0.518
Gallup-WIN (2012): study RS 2012 18+ aged, general public, Serbia 2012 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.219
SD
= 0.710
Gallup-WIN (2012): study SG 2012 18+ aged, general public, Singapore 2012 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.505
SD
= 0.672
Gallup-WIN (2012): study ES 2012 18+ aged, general public, Spain 2012 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.556
SD
= 0.714
Gallup-WIN (2012): study SE 2012 18+ aged, general public, Sweden 2012 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.465
SD
= 0.641
Gallup-WIN (2012): study CH 2012 18+ aged, general public, Switzerland 2012 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.620
SD
= 0.629
Gallup-WIN (2012): study TN 2012 18+ aged, general public, Tunisia 2012 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.122
SD
= 0.718
Gallup-WIN (2012): study TR 2012 18+ aged, general public, Turkey 2012 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.232
SD
= 0.722
Gallup-WIN (2012): study UA 2012 18+ aged, general public, Ukraine 2012 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.295
SD
= 0.596
Gallup-WIN (2012): study GB 2012 18+ aged, general public, United Kingdom 2012 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.283
SD
= 0.753
Gallup-WIN (2012): study US 2012 18+ aged, general public, United States of America 2012 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.343
SD
= 0.781
Gallup-WIN (2012): study VN 2012 18+ aged, general public, Viet Nam 2012 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.242
SD
= 0.805
Gallup-WIN (2012): study PK 2012 18+ aged, general public, Pakistan 2012 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.263
SD
= 0.699
Gallup-WIN (2016): study AF 2016 18+ aged, general public, Afghanistan 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.596
SD
= 0.650
Gallup-WIN (2016): study AT 2016 18+ aged, general public, Austria 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.596
SD
= 0.602
Gallup-WIN (2016): study AL 2016 18+ aged, general public, Albania 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.357
SD
= 0.718
Gallup-WIN (2016): study AR 2016 18+ aged, general public, Argentina 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 1.189
SD
= 0.392
Gallup-WIN (2016): study AM 2016 18+ aged, general public, Armenia 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.616
SD
= 0.563
Gallup-WIN (2016): study AU 2016 18+ aged, general public, Australia 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.444
SD
= 0.728
Gallup-WIN (2016): study AZ 2016 18+ aged, general public, Azerbaijan 2016 N = 1000
Gallup-WIN (2016): study BD 2016 18+ aged, general public, Bangladesh 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.740
SD
= 0.559
Gallup-WIN (2016): study BE 2016 18+ aged, general public, Belgium 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.465
SD
= 0.656
Gallup-WIN (2016): study BA 2016 18+ aged, general public, Bosnia Herzegovina 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.480
SD
= 0.685
Gallup-WIN (2016): study BR 2016 18+ aged, general public, Brazil 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.596
SD
= 0.680
Gallup-WIN (2016): study BG 2016 18+ aged, general public, Bulgaria 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.337
SD
= 0.654
Gallup-WIN (2016): study CA 2016 18+ aged, general public, Canada 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.505
SD
= 0.702
Gallup-WIN (2016): study CN 2016 18+ aged, general public, China 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.790
SD
= 0.454
Gallup-WIN (2016): study CO 2016 18+ aged, general public, Colombia 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.879
SD
= 0.383
Gallup-WIN (2016): study CZ 2016 18+ aged, general public, Czech Republic 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.404
SD
= 0.634
Gallup-WIN (2016): study DK 2016 18+ aged, general public, Denmark, 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.571
SD
= 0.589
Gallup-WIN (2016): study EC 2016 18+ aged, general public, Ecuador 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.707
SD
= 0.537
Gallup-WIN (2016): study EE 2016 18+ aged, general public, Estonia 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.485
SD
= 0.594
Gallup-WIN (2016): study FJ 2016 18+ aged, general public, Fiji 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.890
SD
= 0.371
Gallup-WIN (2016): study FI 2016 18+ aged, general public, Finland 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.388
SD
= 0.694
Gallup-WIN (2016): study FR 2016 18+ aged, general public, France 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.430
SD
= 0.604
Gallup-WIN (2016): study DE 2016 18+ aged, general public, Germany 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.460
SD
= 0.741
Gallup-WIN (2016): study GH 2016 18+ aged, general public, Ghana 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.424
SD
= 0.877
Gallup-WIN (2016): study GR 2016 18+ aged, general public, Greece 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.212
SD
= 0.656
Gallup-WIN (2016): study HK 2016 18+ aged, general public, Afghanistan 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.140
SD
= 0.749
Gallup-WIN (2016): study IS 2016 18+ aged, general public, Iceland 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.714
SD
= 0.571
Gallup-WIN (2016): study IN 2016 18+ aged, general public, India 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.424
SD
= 0.793
Gallup-WIN (2016): study ID 2016 18+ aged, general public, Indonesia 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.804
SD
= 0.422
Gallup-WIN (2016): study IR 2016 18+ aged, general public, Iran 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.303
SD
= 0.674
Gallup-WIN (2016): study IQ 2016 18+ aged, general public, Iraq 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.010
SD
= 0.866
Gallup-WIN (2016): study IE 2016 18+ aged, general public, Ireland 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.490
SD
= 0.700
Gallup-WIN (2016): study IL 2016 18+ aged, general public, Israel 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.343
SD
= 0.793
Gallup-WIN (2016): study IT 2016 18+ aged, general public, Italy 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.384
SD
= 0.615
Gallup-WIN (2016): study JP 2016 18+ aged, general public, Japan 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.598
SD
= 0.572
Gallup-WIN (2016): study KR 2016 18+ aged, general public, Korea (South) 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.400
SD
= 0.648
Gallup-WIN (2016): study KO 2016 18+ aged, general public, Kosovo 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.464
SD
= 0.690
Gallup-WIN (2016): study LV 2016 18+ aged, general public, Latvia 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.417
SD
= 0.656
Gallup-WIN (2016): study LB 2016 18+ aged, general public, Lebanon 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.370
SD
= 0.868
Gallup-WIN (2016): study LT 2016 18+ aged, general public, Lituania 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.469
SD
= 0.642
Gallup-WIN (2016): study MK 2016 18+ aged, general public, Macedonia 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.429
SD
= 0.670
Gallup-WIN (2016): study MX 2016 18+ aged, general public, Mexico 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.727
SD
= 0.528
Gallup-WIN (2016): study MN 2016 18+ aged, general public, Mongolia 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.700
SD
= 0.520
Gallup-WIN (2016): study NG 2016 18+ aged, general public, Nigeria 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.293
SD
= 0.902
Gallup-WIN (2016): study NO 2016 18+ aged, general public, Norway 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.566
SD
= 0.713
Gallup-WIN (2016): study PK 2016 18+ aged, general public, Pakistan 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.717
SD
= 0.569
Gallup-WIN (2016): study PS 2016 18+ aged, general public, Palestinia 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.381
SD
= 0.792
Gallup-WIN (2016): study PA 2016 18+ aged, general public, Panama 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.778
SD
= 0.523
Gallup-WIN (2016): study PG 2016 18+ aged, general public, Papua New Guinea 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.770
SD
= 0.526
Gallup-WIN (2016): study PY 2016 18+ aged, general public, Paraguay 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.763
SD
= 0.493
Gallup-WIN (2016): study PH 2016 18+ aged, general public, Philipines 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.790
SD
= 0.475
Gallup-WIN (2016): study PL 2016 18+ aged, general public, Poland 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.606
SD
= 0.617
Gallup-WIN (2016): study PT 2016 18+ aged, general public, Portugal 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.505
SD
= 0.626
Gallup-WIN (2016): study RO 2016 18+ aged, general public, Romania 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.340
SD
= 0.851
Gallup-WIN (2016): study RU 2016 18+ aged, general public, Russia 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.543
SD
= 0.595
Gallup-WIN (2016): study RS 2016 18+ aged, general public, Serbia 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.380
SD
= 0.660
Gallup-WIN (2016): study SI 2016 18+ aged, general public, Slovenia 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.535
SD
= 0.608
Gallup-WIN (2016): study CI 2016 18+ aged, general public, Côte d’Ivoire 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.420
SD
= 0.802
Gallup-WIN (2016): study VN 2016 18+ aged, general public, Vietnam 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.780
SD
= 0.438
Gallup-WIN (2016): study ZA 2016 18+ aged, general public, South Africa 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.378
SD
= 0.789
Gallup-WIN (2016): study ES 2016 18+ aged, general public, Spain 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.495
SD
= 0.672
Gallup-WIN (2016): study SE 2016 18+ aged, general public, Sweden 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.545
SD
= 0.608
Gallup-WIN (2016): study TH 2016 18+ aged, general public, Thailand 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.636
SD
= 0.559
Gallup-WIN (2016): study TR 2016 18+ aged, general public, Turkey 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.303
SD
= 0.731
Gallup-WIN (2016): study UA 2016 18+ aged, general public, Ukraine 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.444
SD
= 0.607
Gallup-WIN (2016): study GB 2016 18+ aged, general public, United Kingdom 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.470
SD
= 0.714
Gallup-WIN (2016): study US 2016 18+ aged, general public, United States of America 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.480
SD
= 0.728
Gallup-WIN (2015): study AF 2015 18+ aged, general public, Afghanistan 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.140
SD
= 0.825
Gallup-WIN (2015): study DZ 2015 18+ aged, general public, Algeria 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.490
SD
= 0.689
Gallup-WIN (2015): study AR 2015 18+ aged, general public, Argentinia 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.798
SD
= 0.449
Gallup-WIN (2015): study AM 2015 18+ aged, general public, Armenia 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.470
SD
= 0.608
Gallup-WIN (2015): study AU 2015 18+ aged, general public, Australia 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.480
SD
= 0.732
Gallup-WIN (2015): study AT 2015 18+ aged, general public, Austria 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.636
SD
= 0.594
Gallup-WIN (2015): study AZ 2015 18+ aged, general public, Azerbaijan 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.818
SD
= 0.386
Gallup-WIN (2015): study BD 2015 18+ aged, general public, Bangladesh 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.633
SD
= 0.560
Gallup-WIN (2015): study BE 2015 18+ aged, general public, Belgium 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.450
SD
= 0.669
Gallup-WIN (2015): study BA 2015 18+ aged, general public, Bosnia Herzegovina 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.410
SD
= 0.722
Gallup-WIN (2015): study BR 2015 18+ aged, general public, Brazil 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.545
SD
= 0.715
Gallup-WIN (2015): study BG 2015 18+ aged, general public, Bulgaria 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.316
SD
= 0.637
Gallup-WIN (2015): study CA 2015 18+ aged, general public, Canada 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.606
SD
= 0.649
Gallup-WIN (2015): study CO 2015 18+ aged, general public, Colombia 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.859
SD
= 0.402
Gallup-WIN (2015): study CN 2015 18+ aged, general public, China 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.740
SD
= 0.522
Gallup-WIN (2015): study CZ 2015 18+ aged, general public, Czech Republic 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.357
SD
= 0.674
Gallup-WIN (2015): study DK 2015 18+ aged, general public, Denmark 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.660
SD
= 0.636
Gallup-WIN (2015): study IT 2015 18+ aged, general public, Italy, 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.337
SD
= 0.669
Gallup-WIN (2015): study IE 2015 18+ aged, general public, Ireland 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.400
SD
= 0.762
Gallup-WIN (2015): study JP 2015 18+ aged, general public, Japan 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.571
SD
= 0.558
Gallup-WIN (2015): study EC 2015 18+ aged, general public, Ecuador 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.740
SD
= 0.522
Gallup-WIN (2015): study ET 2015 18+ aged, general public, Ethiopia 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.560
SD
= 0.753
Gallup-WIN (2015): study FJ 2015 18+ aged, general public, Fiji 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.828
SD
= 0.472
Gallup-WIN (2015): study FI 2015 18+ aged, general public, Finland 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.673
SD
= 0.602
Gallup-WIN (2015): study FR 2015 18+ aged, general public, France 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.330
SD
= 0.633
Gallup-WIN (2015): study DE 2015 18+ aged, general public, Germany 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.400
SD
= 0.762
Gallup-WIN (2015): study GH 2015 18+ aged, general public, Ghana 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.240
SD
= 0.850
Gallup-WIN (2015): study GR 2015 18+ aged, general public, Greece 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.091
SD
= 0.698
Gallup-WIN (2015): study HK 2015 18+ aged, general public, Hong Kong 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.242
SD
= 0.712
Gallup-WIN (2015): study IS 2015 18+ aged, general public, Iceland 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.747
SD
= 0.519
Gallup-WIN (2015): study IN 2015 18+ aged, general public, India 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.390
SD
= 0.786
Gallup-WIN (2015): study ID 2015 18+ aged, general public, Indonesia 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.710
SD
= 0.571
Gallup-WIN (2015): study IR 2015 18+ aged, general public, Iran 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.394
SD
= 0.679
Gallup-WIN (2015): study IQ 2015 18+ aged, general public, Iraq 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 1.880
SD
= 0.791
Gallup-WIN (2015): study LB 2015 18+ aged, general public, Lebanon 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.340
SD
= 0.827
Gallup-WIN (2015): study LV 2015 18+ aged, general public, Latvia 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.442
SD
= 0.628
Gallup-WIN (2015): study KO 2015 18+ aged, general public, Kosovo 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.490
SD
= 0.700
Gallup-WIN (2015): study KR 2015 18+ aged, general public, Korea Rep. (South) 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.465
SD
= 0.656
Gallup-WIN (2015): study MK 2015 18+ aged, general public, Macedonia 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.412
SD
= 0.685
Gallup-WIN (2015): study MX 2015 18+ aged, general public, Mexico 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.768
SD
= 0.468
Gallup-WIN (2015): study MN 2015 18+ aged, general public, Mongolia 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.710
SD
= 0.516
Gallup-WIN (2015): study NL 2015 18+ aged, general public, Netherlands 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.600
SD
= 0.583
Gallup-WIN (2015): study MA 2015 18+ aged, general public, Morocco 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.677
SD
= 0.600
Gallup-WIN (2015): study PK 2015 18+ aged, general public, Pakistan 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.619
SD
= 0.564
Gallup-WIN (2015): study NG 2015 18+ aged, general public, Nigeria 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.660
SD
= 0.696
Gallup-WIN (2015): study PS 2015 18+ aged, general public, Palestina 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.152
SD
= 0.809
Gallup-WIN (2015): study PA 2015 18+ aged, general public, Panama 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.790
SD
= 0.496
Gallup-WIN (2015): study PG 2015 18+ aged, general public, Papua New Guinea 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.670
SD
= 0.649
Gallup-WIN (2015): study PE 2015 18+ aged, general public, Peru 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.622
SD
= 0.598
Gallup-WIN (2015): study PH 2015 18+ aged, general public, Philippines 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.700
SD
= 0.592
Gallup-WIN (2015): study PL 2015 18+ aged, general public, Poland 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.475
SD
= 0.687
Gallup-WIN (2015): study PT 2015 18+ aged, general public, Portugal 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.404
SD
= 0.665
Gallup-WIN (2015): study RU 2015 18+ aged, general public, Russia 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.515
SD
= 0.594
Gallup-WIN (2015): study SA 2015 18+ aged, general public, Saudi Arabia 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.828
SD
= 0.472
Gallup-WIN (2015): study RS 2015 18+ aged, general public, Serbia 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.434
SD
= 0.654
Gallup-WIN (2015): study SI 2015 18+ aged, general public, Slovenia 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.485
SD
= 0.609
Gallup-WIN (2015): study ZA 2015 18+ aged, general public, South Africa 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.384
SD
= 0.762
Gallup-WIN (2015): study ES 2015 18+ aged, general public, Spain 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.450
SD
= 0.669
Gallup-WIN (2015): study SE 2015 18+ aged, general public, Sweden 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.525
SD
= 0.625
Gallup-WIN (2015): study TH 2015 18+ aged, general public, Thailand 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.490
SD
= 0.658
Gallup-WIN (2015): study TN 2015 18+ aged, general public, Tunisia 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.071
SD
= 0.795
Gallup-WIN (2015): study TR 2015 18+ aged, general public, Turkey 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.418
SD
= 0.727
Gallup-WIN (2015): study UA 2015 18+ aged, general public, Ukraine 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.505
SD
= 0.594
Gallup-WIN (2015): study GB 2015 18+ aged, general public, United Kingdom 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.374
SD
= 0.747
Gallup-WIN (2015): study US 2015 18+ aged, general public, United States of America 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.439
SD
= 0.757
Gallup-WIN (2015): study VN 2015 18+ aged, general public, Vietnam 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.800
SD
= 0.424
Gallup-WIN (2017): study AR 2017 18+ aged, general public, Argentina, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.640
SD
= 0.625
Gallup-WIN (2017): study AL 2017 18+ aged, general public, Albania, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.470
SD
= 0.714
Gallup-WIN (2017): study AF 2017 18+ aged, general public, Afghanistan, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.190
SD
= 0.924
Gallup-WIN (2017): study AM 2017 18+ aged, general public, Armenia, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.576
SD
= 0.570
Gallup-WIN (2017): study AU 2017 18+ aged, general public, Australia, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.557
SD
= 0.642
Gallup-WIN (2017): study AZ 2017 18+ aged, general public, Azerbaijan, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.361
SD
= 0.612
Gallup-WIN (2017): study BD 2017 18+ aged, general public, Bangladesh, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.515
SD
= 0.687
Gallup-WIN (2017): study BA 2017 18+ aged, general public, Bosnia & Herzegovina, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.470
SD
= 0.699
Gallup-WIN (2017): study BR 2017 18+ aged, general public, Brazil, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.283
SD
= 0.841
Gallup-WIN (2017): study BG 2017 18+ aged, general public, Afghanistan, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.365
SD
= 0.663
Gallup-WIN (2017): study CO 2017 18+ aged, general public, Colombia, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.870
SD
= 0.391
Gallup-WIN (2017): study HR 2017 18+ aged, general public, Croatia, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.485
SD
= 0.641
Gallup-WIN (2017): study CZ 2017 18+ aged, general public, Czech Republic, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.378
SD
= 0.631
Gallup-WIN (2017): study EC 2017 18+ aged, general public, Ecuador, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.643
SD
= 0.558
Gallup-WIN (2017): study ET 2017 18+ aged, general public, Ethiopian, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.606
SD
= 0.679
Gallup-WIN (2017): study FJ 2017 18+ aged, general public, Fiji, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.920
SD
= 0.337
Gallup-WIN (2017): study FR 2017 18+ aged, general public, France, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.434
SD
= 0.622
Gallup-WIN (2017): study DE 2017 18+ aged, general public, Germany, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.380
SD
= 0.772
Gallup-WIN (2017): study GH 2017 18+ aged, general public, Ghana, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.306
SD
= 0.850
Gallup-WIN (2017): study GR 2017 18+ aged, general public, Greece, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.214
SD
= 0.759
Gallup-WIN (2017): study HK 2017 18+ aged, general public, Hong Kong, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.293
SD
= 0.742
Gallup-WIN (2017): study IN 2017 18+ aged, general public, India, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.640
SD
= 0.641
Gallup-WIN (2017): study ID 2017 18+ aged, general public, Indonesia, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.680
SD
= 0.564
Gallup-WIN (2017): study IR 2017 18+ aged, general public, Iran, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.050
SD
= 0.779
Gallup-WIN (2017): study IQ 2017 18+ aged, general public, Iraq, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.070
SD
= 0.778
Gallup-WIN (2017): study IE 2017 18+ aged, general public, Ireland, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.525
SD
= 0.687
Gallup-WIN (2017): study IT 2017 18+ aged, general public, Italy, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.424
SD
= 0.637
Gallup-WIN (2017): study JP 2017 18+ aged, general public, Japan, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.600
SD
= 0.573
Gallup-WIN (2017): study KZ 2017 18+ aged, general public, Kazakhstan, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.763
SD
= 0.471
Gallup-WIN (2017): study KO 2017 18+ aged, general public, Kosovo, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.620
SD
= 0.596
Gallup-WIN (2017): study LV 2017 18+ aged, general public, Latvia, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.379
SD
= 0.635
Gallup-WIN (2017): study MK 2017 18+ aged, general public, Macedonia, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.551
SD
= 0.625
Gallup-WIN (2017): study MX 2017 18+ aged, general public, Mexico, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.854
SD
= 0.408
Gallup-WIN (2017): study MD 2017 18+ aged, general public, Modava, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.245
SD
= 0.770
Gallup-WIN (2017): study NL 2017 18+ aged, general public, Netherlands, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.646
SD
= 0.574
Gallup-WIN (2017): study NG 2017 18+ aged, general public, Nigeria, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.394
SD
= 0.851
Gallup-WIN (2017): study PK 2017 18+ aged, general public, Pakistan, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.495
SD
= 0.757
Gallup-WIN (2017): study PG 2017 18+ aged, general public, Papua New Guinea, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.740
SD
= 0.502
Gallup-WIN (2017): study PE 2017 18+ aged, general public, Peru, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.629
SD
= 0.562
Gallup-WIN (2017): study PH 2017 18+ aged, general public, Philippines, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.857
SD
= 0.404
Gallup-WIN (2017): study PL 2017 18+ aged, general public, Poland, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.531
SD
= 0.642
Gallup-WIN (2017): study KR 2017 18+ aged, general public, Korea (South), 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.420
SD
= 0.619
Gallup-WIN (2017): study RO 2017 18+ aged, general public, Romania, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.470
SD
= 0.780
Gallup-WIN (2017): study RU 2017 18+ aged, general public, Russia, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.532
SD
= 0.596
Gallup-WIN (2017): study RS 2017 18+ aged, general public, Serbia, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.459
SD
= 0.657
Gallup-WIN (2017): study SI 2017 18+ aged, general public, Slovenia, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.560
SD
= 0.605
Gallup-WIN (2017): study ZA 2017 18+ aged, general public, South Africa, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.293
SD
= 0.795
Gallup-WIN (2017): study ES 2017 18+ aged, general public, Spain, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.520
SD
= 0.643
Gallup-WIN (2017): study SE 2017 18+ aged, general public, Sweden, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.469
SD
= 0.658
Gallup-WIN (2017): study TH 2017 18+ aged, general public, Thailand, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.460
SD
= 0.670
Gallup-WIN (2017): study TR 2017 18+ aged, general public, Turkey, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.280
SD
= 0.722
Gallup-WIN (2017): study GB 2017 18+ aged, general public, United Kingdom, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.420
SD
= 0.751
Gallup-WIN (2017): study UA 2017 18+ aged, general public, Ukraine, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.088
SD
= 0.690
Gallup-WIN (2017): study US 2017 18+ aged, general public, United States of America, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.510
SD
= 0.732
Gallup-WIN (2017): study VN 2017 18+ aged, general public, Viet Nam, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.760
SD
= 0.450