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Happiness Measures

Characteristics

Code:
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-m
Focus:
Overall: Happiness in Life (O-HL)
Time frame:
currently (today, these days, presently) (c)
Mode:
1 question (sq)
Scale Type:
verbal scale (v)
Scale Range:
5

Description

Selfreport on single question

All things considered, would you say you are happy these days?
5  very happy
4  pretty happy
3  neither happy, not unhappy
2  not too happy
1  very unhappy
-   Don't know

List of Studies Using this Measure

Study Population N Statistics Inoguchi & Fujii (2009): study JP 2009 20-69 aged, general public, Japan, 2009 N = 1003
Mean
= 3.685
SD
= 0.821
Yao et al. (2009): study TW 2006 20-69, aged, general public, Taiwan, 2006 N = 1016
Mean
= 2.436
SD
= 0.916
Inoguchi & Fujii (2009a): study JP 2006 20-69 aged, general public, Japan, 2006 N = 1003
Mean
= 3.685
SD
= 0.821
Tambyah et al. (2009): study SG 2006 20+ aged, general public, Singapore, 2006 N = 1038
Mean
= 3.990
SD
= 0.847
Shu & Zhu (2009): study CN 2006 20-69 aged, general public, China, 2006 N = 2000
Sing (2009a): study HK 2006 20-69 aged, general public, Hong Kong, 2006 N = 1000
Inoguchi et al. (2005): study JP 2003 Working aged (20-59), Japan, 2003 N = 857
Mean
= 3.614
SD
= 0.840
Inoguchi et al. (2005): study KR 2003 Working aged (20-59), Korea,(South), 2003 N = 800
Mean
= 3.490
SD
= 0.833
Inoguchi et al. (2005): study CN 2003 Working aged (20-59), urban areas, China, 2003 N = 800
Mean
= 3.726
SD
= 0.898
Inoguchi et al. (2005): study MY 2003 Working agedd (20-59), Malaysia, 2003 N = 800
Mean
= 3.857
SD
= 0.863
Inoguchi et al. (2005): study TH 2003 Working aged (20-59), Thailand, 2003 N = 800
Mean
= 3.732
SD
= 0.782
Inoguchi (2003): study VN 2003 Working aged (20-59), urban areas, Viet Nam, 2003 N = 807
Mean
= 3.855
SD
= 0.907
Inoguchi (2003): study MM 2003 Working aged (20-59) urban areas, Myanmar, 2003 N = 800
Mean
= 3.781
SD
= 0.843
Inoguchi (2003): study LK 2003 Working aged (20-59), urban areas, Sri Lanka, 2003 N = 800
Mean
= 3.967
SD
= 0.860
Inoguchi (2003): study UZ 2003 Working aged (20-59) urban areas, Uzbekistan, 2003 N = 800
Mean
= 3.336
SD
= 1.124
Inoguchi (2003): study IN 2003 Working aged (20-59) urban areas, India, 2003 N = 822
Mean
= 3.775
SD
= 1.066
Yoshino (2007b): study BN 2004 20-59 aged, general public, Brunei Darussalam, 2004 N = 800
Mean
= 4.443
SD
= 0.644
Yoshino (2007b): study LA 2004 20-59 aged, general public, Laos, 2004 N = 800
Mean
= 3.654
SD
= 0.755
Yoshino (2007b): study KR 2004 20-59 aged, general public, Korea,(South), 2004 N = 800
Mean
= 3.401
SD
= 0.896
Yoshino (2007b): study SG 2004 20-59 aged, general public, Singapore, 2004 N = 800
Mean
= 4.016
SD
= 0.846
Yoshino (2007b): study MY 2004 20-59 aged, general public, Malaysia, 2004 N = 800
Mean
= 4.064
SD
= 0.732
Yoshino (2007b): study VN 2004 20-59 aged, general public, Viet Nam, 2004 N = 800
Mean
= 3.959
SD
= 0.902
Yoshino (2007b): study PH 2004 20-59 aged, general public, Philippines, 2004 N = 800
Mean
= 3.903
SD
= 0.990
Yoshino (2007b): study TH 2004 20-59 aged, general public, Thailand, 2004 N = 800
Mean
= 3.903
SD
= 0.846
Yoshino (2007b): study MM 2004 20-59 aged, general public, Myanmar, 2004 N = 800
Mean
= 3.560
SD
= 0.999
Yoshino (2007b): study JP 2004 20-59 aged, general public, Japan, 2004 N = 800
Mean
= 3.677
SD
= 0.785
Yoshino (2007b): study ID 2004 20-59 aged, general public, Indonesia, 2004 N = 800
Mean
= 3.925
SD
= 0.749
Yoshino (2007b): study KH 2004 20-59 aged, general public, Cambodia, 2004 N = 800
Mean
= 3.055
SD
= 0.765
Yoshino (2007b): study UZ 2005 20-59 aged, general public, Uzbekistan, 2005 N = 800
Mean
= 3.540
SD
= 0.951
Yoshino (2007b): study KG 2005 20-59 aged, general public, Kyrgyzstan, 2005 N = 800
Mean
= 3.208
SD
= 1.247
Yoshino (2007b): study TM 2005 20-59 aged, general public, Turkmenistan, 2005 N = 800
Mean
= 3.447
SD
= 1.034
Yoshino (2007b): study TJ 2005 20-59 aged, general public, Tajikistan, 2005 N = 800
Mean
= 2.939
SD
= 1.000
Yoshino (2007b): study NP 2005 20-59 aged, general public, Nepal, 2005 N = 800
Mean
= 3.447
SD
= 1.077
Yoshino (2007b): study MN 2005 20-59 aged, general public, Mongolia, 2005 N = 800
Mean
= 3.557
SD
= 0.733
Yoshino (2007b): study BT 2005 Urban areas, general public, Bhutan, 2005 N = 801
Mean
= 4.135
SD
= 0.806
Yoshino (2007b): study MV 2005 20-59 aged, general public, Maldives, 2005 N = 800
Mean
= 4.204
SD
= 0.879
Yoshino (2007b): study BD 2005 20-59 aged, general public, Bangladesh, 2005 N = 800
Mean
= 3.762
SD
= 0.905
Yoshino (2007b): study LK 2005 Adult general public, urban areas, Sri Lanka, 2005 N = 800
Mean
= 4.031
SD
= 0.778
Yoshino (2007b): study AF 2005 20-59 aged, general public, Afghanistan, 2005 N = 800
Mean
= 3.433
SD
= 0.942
Yoshino (2007b): study PK 2005 20-59 aged, general public, Pakistan, 2005 N = 800
Mean
= 3.470
SD
= 1.006
Yoshino (2007b): study IN 2005 20-59 aged, general public, India, 2005 N = 800
Mean
= 4.036
SD
= 0.871
Yoshino (2007b): study KZ 2005 20-59 aged, general public, Kazakhstan, 2005 N = 800
Mean
= 2.944
SD
= 1.134
Yoshino (2007b): study CN 2006 20-59 aged, general public, China, 2006 N = 2000
Mean
= 3.681
SD
= 0.894
Yoshino (2007b): study HK 2006 20-59 aged, general public, Hong Kong, 2006 N = 1000
Mean
= 3.531
SD
= 0.697
Yoshino (2007b): study JP 2006 20-59 aged, general public, Japan, 2006 N = 1003
Mean
= 3.684
SD
= 0.823
Yoshino (2007b): study KR 2006 20-59 aged, general public, Korea,(South), 2006 N = 1000
Mean
= 3.530
SD
= 0.902
Yoshino (2007b): study SG 2006 20-59 aged, general public, Singapore, 2006 N = 2006
Mean
= 3.987
SD
= 0.852
Yoshino (2007b): study TW 2006 /1 20-59 aged, general public, Taiwan, 2006 N = 1006
Mean
= 3.549
SD
= 0.923
Yoshino (2007b): study VN 2006 20-59 aged, general public, Viet Nam, 2006 N = 1000
Mean
= 4.019
SD
= 0.888
Abeyratne (2008): study LK 2004 Working age people, urban areas, Sri Lanka, 2004 N = 813
Mean
= 3.970
SD
= 0.754
Inoguchi (2006): study CN Beijing 2003 Working aged (20-59), City of Beijing, China, 2003 N = 100
Mean
= 3.606
SD
= 1.081
Inoguchi (2003): study CN Shanghai 2003 Working aged (20-59), City of Shanghai, China, 2003 N = 100
Mean
= 3.700
SD
= 0.922
Inoguchi (2003): study CN Guangzhou,guangdong 2003 Working aged (20-59), City of Guangzhou, Guangdong, China, 2003 N = 100
Mean
= 3.636
SD
= 0.822
Inoguchi (2003): study CN Dalian,liaoning 2003 Working aged (20-59), City of Dalian, Liaoning, China, 2003 N = 100
Mean
= 3.750
SD
= 0.931
Inoguchi (2003): study CN Qīngdǎo (Tsingtao) 2003 Working aged (20-59), City of Qīngdǎo (Tsingtao), China, 2003 N = 100
Mean
= 3.850
SD
= 0.853
Inoguchi (2006): study CN Chongqin 2003 Working aged (20-59), City of Chongqin, China, 2003 N = 100
Mean
= 3.610
SD
= 0.835
Inoguchi (2003): study CN Xian 2003 Working aged (20-59), City of Xian, China, 2003 N = 100
Mean
= 3.770
SD
= 0.882
Inoguchi (2006): study CN Nanjing,jiangsu 2003 Working aged (20-59), City of Nanjing, Jiangsu, China, 2003 N = 100
Mean
= 3.880
SD
= 0.778
Inoguchi (2006): study IN Delhi 2003 Working aged (20-59), City of Delhi, India, 2003 N = 206
Mean
= 3.831
SD
= 1.184
Inoguchi (2006): study IN Mumbai 2003 Working aged (20-59), City of Mumbai, India, 2003 N = 216
Mean
= 3.788
SD
= 1.114
Inoguchi (2006): study IN Kolkata 2003 Working aged (20-59), City of Kolkata, India, 2003 N = 200
Mean
= 4.005
SD
= 0.815
Inoguchi (2006): study IN Chennai 2003 Working aged (20-59), City of Chennai, India, 2003 N = 200
Mean
= 3.472
SD
= 1.036
Inoguchi (2006): study MY Perak 2003 Working aged (20-59), Perak, Malaysia, 2003 N = 80
Mean
= 3.785
SD
= 0.725
Inoguchi (2006): study MY Selangor 2003 Working aged (20-59), Selangor, Malaysia, 2003 N = 185
Mean
= 3.606
SD
= 1.045
Inoguchi (2006): study MY Johor 2003 Working aged (20-59), Johor, Malaysia, 2003 N = 117
Mean
= 4.068
SD
= 0.637
Inoguchi (2006): study MM Yangon 2003 Working aged (20-59), City of Yangon, Myanmar, 2003 N = 200
Mean
= 3.755
SD
= 0.828
Inoguchi (2006): study MM Mandalay 2003 Working aged (20-59), City of Mandalay, Myanmar, 2003 N = 200
Mean
= 3.795
SD
= 0.844
Inoguchi (2006): study MM Lashio 2003 Working aged (20-59), City of Lashio, Myanmar, 2003 N = 200
Mean
= 3.870
SD
= 0.802
Inoguchi (2003): study MM Pathein 2003 Working aged (20-59), City of Pathein, Myanmar, 2003 N = 200
Mean
= 3.705
SD
= 0.888
Inoguchi (2006): study KR 2003 Working aged (20-59), Korea,(South), 2003 N = 190
Mean
= 3.639
SD
= 0.838
Inoguchi (2006): study KR Kyeonggi/Gyeonggi Do 2003 Working aged (20-59), ,Kyeonggi/Gyeonggi Do, Korea,(South), 2003 N = 159
Mean
= 3.430
SD
= 0.836
Inoguchi (2006): study KR Kyeongnam/South Gyeongsang 2003 Working aged (20-59), Kyeongnam/South Gyeongsang, Korea,(South), 2003 N = 95
Mean
= 3.474
SD
= 0.904
Inoguchi (2003): study LK Colombo 2003 Working aged (20-59), City of Colombo, Sri Lanka, 2003 N = 525
Mean
= 3.937
SD
= 0.853
Inoguchi (2006): study LK Kandy 2003 Working aged (20-59), City of Kandy, Sri Lanka, 2003 N = 137
Mean
= 4.110
SD
= 0.825
Inoguchi (2006): study LK Galle 2003 Working aged (20-59), City of Galle, Sri Lanka, 2003 N = 138
Mean
= 3.949
SD
= 0.896
Inoguchi (2006): study TH Bangkok 2003 Working aged (20-59), City of Bangkok, Thailand, 2003 N = 80
Mean
= 3.725
SD
= 0.672
Inoguchi (2006): study TH Chiang Mai 2003 Working aged (20-59), Chiang Mai, Thailand, 2003 N = 92
Mean
= 3.968
SD
= 0.698
Inoguchi (2006): study TH Nankonratsi (Nakhon Ratchasima) 2003 Working aged (20-59), Nankonratsi (Nakhon Ratchasima), Thailand, 2003 N = 144
Mean
= 3.749
SD
= 0.796
Inoguchi (2006): study TH Khonkaen 2003 Working aged (20-59), Khonkaen, Thailand, 2003 N = 104
Mean
= 3.673
SD
= 0.814
Inoguchi (2006): study UZ Tashkent 2003 Working aged (20-59), City of Tashkent, Uzbekistan, 2003 N = 200
Mean
= 3.204
SD
= 1.111
Inoguchi (2006): study UZ Samarkand (Samarquand) 2003 Working aged (20-59), City of Samarkand (Samarquand), Uzbekistan, 2003 N = 100
Mean
= 3.180
SD
= 1.252
Inoguchi (2006): study UZ Bukhara (Buxora) 2003 Working aged (20-59), City of Bukhara (Buxora), Uzbekistan, 2003 N = 100
Mean
= 3.980
SD
= 0.905
Inoguchi (2006): study UZ Urgench (Urgana) 2003 Working aged (20-59), City of Urgench (Urgana), Uzbekistan, 2003 N = 100
Mean
= 3.103
SD
= 1.098
Inoguchi (2006): study UZ Fergana (Fargona) 2003 Working aged (20-59), City of Fergana (Fargona), Uzbekistan, 2003 N = 100
Mean
= 3.232
SD
= 1.062
Inoguchi (2006): study VN 2003 Working aged (20-59), Viet Nam, 2003 N = 100
Mean
= 3.380
SD
= 1.164
Inoguchi (2006): study VN Hanoi 2003 Working aged (20-59), City of Hanoi, Viet Nam, 2003 N = 200
Mean
= 3.790
SD
= 0.864
Inoguchi (2006): study VN Danang 2003 Working aged (20-59), City of Danang, Viet Nam, 2003 N = 202
Mean
= 3.940
SD
= 0.937
Inoguchi (2006): study VN Hcmc, Hochiminh city (Saigon) 2003 Working aged (20-59) aged, Ho-chi-minh city (former Saigon), Viet Nam, 2003 N = 203
Mean
= 3.816
SD
= 0.911
Inoguchi (2006): study VN Can Tho 2003 Working aged (20-59), City of Can Tho, Viet Nam, 2003 N = 202
Mean
= 3.871
SD
= 0.909
Inoguchi (2006): study AF Central/Kabul 2005 Working aged (20-59), Central/Kabul region, Afghanistan, 2005 N = 189
Mean
= 3.264
SD
= 0.740
Inoguchi (2006): study AF AF Eastern 2005 Working aged (20-59), Eastern Afghanistan, 2005 N = 80
Mean
= 3.150
SD
= 0.976
Inoguchi (2006): study AF AF South Central 2005 Working aged (20-59), South Central Afghanistan, 2005 N = 118
Mean
= 3.624
SD
= 0.843
Inoguchi (2006): study AF AF Western 2005 Working aged (20-59), Western Afghanistan, 2005 N = 90
Mean
= 2.932
SD
= 0.844
Inoguchi (2006): study AF AF Northern 2005 Working aged (20-59), Northern Afghanistan, 2005 N = 258
Mean
= 3.782
SD
= 0.952
Inoguchi (2006): study BD Dhaka 2005 Working aged (20-59), City of Dhaka, Bangladesh, 2005 N = 332
Mean
= 3.726
SD
= 0.912
Inoguchi (2006): study BD Chittagong 2005 Working aged (20-59), City of Chittagong, Bangladesh, 2005 N = 197
Mean
= 3.673
SD
= 1.116
Inoguchi (2006): study BD Rajshahi 2005 Working aged (20-59), City of Rajshahi, Bangladesh, 2005 N = 239
Mean
= 3.688
SD
= 0.734
Inoguchi (2006): study BD Khulna 2005 Working aged (20-59), City of Khulna, Bangladesh, 2005 N = 117
Mean
= 3.636
SD
= 0.823
Inoguchi (2006): study KZ Almaty 2005 Working aged (20-59), City of Almaty, Kazakhstan, 2005 N = 70
Mean
= 2.678
SD
= 0.993
Inoguchi (2006): study KZ KZ North 2005 Working aged (20-59), KZ North, Kazakhstan, 2005 N = 131
Mean
= 2.839
SD
= 1.025
Inoguchi (2006): study KZ KZ Centre 2005 Working aged (20-59), KZ Centre, Kazakhstan, 2005 N = 149
Mean
= 2.605
SD
= 1.221
Inoguchi (2006): study KZ KZ East 2005 Working aged (20-59), KZ East Kazakhstan, 2005 N = 164
Mean
= 3.019
SD
= 1.096
Inoguchi (2006): study KZ KZ South 2005 Working aged (20-59), KZ South, Kazakhstan, 2005 N = 180
Mean
= 3.364
SD
= 1.000
Inoguchi (2006): study KZ 2005 Working aged (20-59), Kazakhstan, 2005 N = 106
Mean
= 2.893
SD
= 1.246
Inoguchi (2006): study KG Bishkek 2005 Working aged (20-59), City of Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan, 2005 N = 120
Mean
= 2.746
SD
= 1.195
Inoguchi (2006): study KG Jalal-Abad oblast 2005 Working aged (20-59), Jalal-Abad oblast, Kyrgyzstan, 2005 N = 130
Mean
= 3.311
SD
= 1.217
Inoguchi (2006): study KG Osh oblast 2005 Working aged (20-59), Osh oblast, Kyrgyzstan, 2005 N = 180
Mean
= 3.606
SD
= 1.087
Inoguchi (2006): study MN Ulaanbaatar 2005 Working aged (20-59), City of Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia, 2005 N = 300
Mean
= 3.561
SD
= 0.788
Inoguchi (2006): study MN Khuvsgul (Khösgöl) 2005 Working aged (20-59), Khuvsgul (Khösgöl), Mongolia, 2005 N = 172
Mean
= 3.436
SD
= 0.677
Inoguchi (2006): study MN Dundgobi (Dundgovi) 2005 Working aged (20-59), Dundgobi (Dundgovi), Mongolia, 2005 N = 137
Mean
= 3.613
SD
= 0.632
Inoguchi (2006): study PK Punjab 2005 Working aged (20-59), Punjab, Pakistan, 2005 N = 625
Mean
= 3.406
SD
= 0.962
Inoguchi (2006): study PK Sindh 2005 Working aged (20-59), Sindh, Pakistan, 2005 N = 255
Mean
= 3.531
SD
= 1.103
Inoguchi (2006): study PK North West Frontier Province (Khyber-Pakthunkhwa) 2005 Working aged (20-59), North West Frontier Province (Khyber-Pakthunkhwa), Pakistan, 2005 N = 150
Mean
= 3.336
SD
= 1.016
Inoguchi (2006): study LK LK-Western 2005 Working aged (20-59), LK-Western, Sri Lanka, 2005 N = 464
Mean
= 4.125
SD
= 0.725
Inoguchi (2006): study TJ Dushanbe 2005 Working aged (20-59), Dushanbe, Tajikistan, 2005 N = 77
Mean
= 2.788
SD
= 1.000
Inoguchi (2006): study TJ Sogd Region 2005 Working aged (20-59), Sogd Region, Tajikistan, 2005 N = 237
Mean
= 3.012
SD
= 1.049
Inoguchi (2006): study TJ Khatlon Region 2005 Working aged (20-59), Khatlon Region, Tajikistan, 2005 N = 278
Mean
= 2.958
SD
= 0.989
Inoguchi (2006): study TJ TJ Republican Subordination 2005 Working aged (20-59), TJ Republican Subordination, Tajikistan, 2005 N = 185
Mean
= 2.957
SD
= 0.955
Inoguchi (2006): study TM Ashgabat 2005 Working aged (20-59), City of Ashgabat, Turkmenistan, 2005 N = 98
Mean
= 3.366
SD
= 1.254
Inoguchi (2006): study TM Dashoguz 2005 Working aged (20-59), Dashoguz, Turkmenistan, 2005 N = 170
Mean
= 3.769
SD
= 0.792
Inoguchi (2006): study TM Mary 2005 Working aged (20-59), Mary, Turkmenistan, 2005 N = 184
Mean
= 2.987
SD
= 1.153
Inoguchi (2006): study TM Lebap 2005 Working aged (20-59), Lebap, Turkmenistan, 2005 N = 168
Mean
= 3.531
SD
= 0.904
Inoguchi (2006): study TM Ahal 2005 Working aged (20-59), Ahal Turkmenistan, 2005 N = 114
Mean
= 3.509
SD
= 0.978
Inoguchi (2006): study IN Delhi 2005 Working aged (20-59), City of Delhi, India, 2005 N = 296
Mean
= 4.475
SD
= 0.757
Inoguchi (2006): study IN Mumbai 2005 Working aged (20-59), City of Mumbai, India, 2005 N = 350
Mean
= 3.915
SD
= 0.866
Inoguchi (2006): study IN Chennai 2005 Working aged (20-59), City of Chennai, India, 2005 N = 117
Mean
= 3.845
SD
= 0.959
Inoguchi (2006): study IN Kolkata 2005 Working aged (20-59), City of Kolkata, India, 2005 N = 115
Mean
= 3.452
SD
= 0.610
Inoguchi (2006): study IN Bangalore 2005 Working aged (20-59), City of Bangalore, India, 2005 N = 125
Mean
= 3.696
SD
= 0.782
Inoguchi (2006): study IN Hyderabad 2005 Working aged (20-59), City of Hyderabad, India, 2005 N = 100
Mean
= 3.910
SD
= 0.861
Inoguchi (2006): study IN Ahemedabad 2005 Working aged (20-59), City of Ahemedabad, India, 2005 N = 135
Mean
= 4.437
SD
= 0.696
Inoguchi (2006): study UZ Tashkent 2005 Working aged (20-59), City of Tashkent, Uzbekistan, 2005 N = 200
Mean
= 3.444
SD
= 0.961
Inoguchi (2006): study UZ Samarkand (Samarquand) 2005 Working aged (20-59), City of Samarkand (Samarquand), Uzbekistan, 2005 N = 100
Mean
= 3.390
SD
= 1.048
Inoguchi (2006): study UZ Bukhara (Buxora) 2005 Working aged (20-59), City of Bukhara (Buxora), Uzbekistan, 2005 N = 100
Mean
= 3.586
SD
= 0.888
Inoguchi (2006): study UZ Urgench (Urgana) 2005 Working aged (20-59), City of Urgench (Urgana), Uzbekistan, 2005 N = 100
Mean
= 3.710
SD
= 0.931
Inoguchi (2006): study UZ Fergana (Fargona) 2005 Working aged (20-59), City of Fergana (Fargona), Uzbekistan, 2005 N = 100
Mean
= 3.400
SD
= 0.894
Inoguchi (2006): study UZ Andijan 2005 Working aged (20-59), City of Andijan, Uzbekistan, 2005 N = 100
Mean
= 3.690
SD
= 0.956
Inoguchi (2006): study UZ Namangan 2005 Working aged (20-59), City of Namangan, Uzbekistan, 2005 N = 100
Mean
= 3.660
SD
= 0.874
Inoguchi (2006): study JP Hokkaido/Tohoku 2006 Working aged (20-59), Hokkaido/Tohoku, Japan, 2006 N = 120
Mean
= 3.534
SD
= 0.913
Inoguchi (2006): study JP Kanto 2006 Working aged (20-59), Kanto, Japan, 2006 N = 330
Mean
= 3.666
SD
= 0.819
Inoguchi (2006): study JP Chugoku, Shikoku 2006 Working aged (20-59), Chugoku, Shikoku, Japan, 2006 N = 91
Mean
= 3.670
SD
= 0.852
Inoguchi (2006): study JP Kyushu 2006 Working aged (20-59), Kyushu, Japan, 2006 N = 110
Mean
= 3.801
SD
= 0.839
Inoguchi (2006): study CN CN East 2006 Working aged (20-59), CN East, China, 2006 N = 840
Mean
= 3.755
SD
= 0.839
Inoguchi (2006): study CN CN Center 2006 Working aged (20-59), CN Center, China, 2006 N = 760
Mean
= 3.677
SD
= 0.917
Inoguchi (2006): study CN CN West 2006 Working aged (20-59), CN West, China, 2006 N = 400
Mean
= 3.565
SD
= 0.909
Inoguchi (2006): study TW TW North 2006 Working aged (20-59),TW North, Taiwan, 2006 N = 476
Mean
= 3.478
SD
= 0.837
Inoguchi (2006): study TW TW West 2006 Working aged (20-59), TW West, Taiwan, 2006 N = 240
Mean
= 3.757
SD
= 0.967
Inoguchi (2006): study TW TW South 2006 Working aged (20-59),TW South, Taiwan, 2006 N = 290
Mean
= 3.495
SD
= 0.990
Inoguchi (2006): study JP Chubu, Hokuriku 2006 Working aged (20-59), Chubu, Hokuriku, Japan, 2006 N = 182
Mean
= 3.714
SD
= 0.767
Inoguchi (2006): study JP Kinki 2006 Working aged (20-59), Kinki, Japan, 2006 N = 170
Mean
= 3.729
SD
= 0.757
Inoguchi (2006): study KH KH Coastal region 2008 Working aged (20-59), KH Coastal region, rCambodia, 2008 N = 154
Mean
= 3.532
SD
= 0.676
Inoguchi (2006): study KH KH Plain region 2008 Working aged (20-59), KH Plain region, Cambodia, 2008 N = 453
Mean
= 3.273
SD
= 0.667
Inoguchi (2006): study KH Tonle Sap region 2008 Working aged (20-59), Tonle Sap region, Cambodia, 2008 N = 405
Mean
= 3.137
SD
= 0.599
Inoguchi (2006): study ID Sumatra 2008 Working aged (20-59), Sumatra, Indonesia, 2008 N = 220
Mean
= 3.827
SD
= 0.796
Inoguchi (2006): study ID Java 2008 Working aged (20-59), Java Indonesia, 2008 N = 640
Mean
= 3.669
SD
= 0.829
Inoguchi (2006): study LA LA Northern region 2008 Working aged (20-59), LA Northern region, Laos, 2008 N = 250
Mean
= 3.744
SD
= 1.019
Inoguchi (2006): study LA LA Central Region 2008 Working aged (20-59), LA Central Region, Laos, 2008 N = 500
Mean
= 3.844
SD
= 0.903
Inoguchi (2006): study LA LA Southern region 2008 Working aged (20-59), LA Southern region, Laos, 2008 N = 250
Mean
= 3.872
SD
= 0.687
Inoguchi (2006): study MY MY Northern 2008 Working aged (20-59), MY Northern, Malaysia, 2008 N = 230
Mean
= 4.018
SD
= 0.693
Inoguchi (2006): study MY MY Southern 2008 Working aged (20-59), MY Southern, Malaysia, 2008 N = 150
Mean
= 4.254
SD
= 0.749
Inoguchi (2006): study MY MY Eastern 2008 Working aged (20-59), MY Eastern, Malaysia, 2008 N = 140
Mean
= 4.122
SD
= 0.866
Inoguchi (2006): study MY MY Central 2008 Working aged (20-59), MY Central, Malaysia, 2008 N = 300
Mean
= 4.276
SD
= 0.665
Inoguchi (2006): study MY East Malaysia (KK Kuching) 2008 Working aged, (20-59), East Malaysia (KK Kuching), Malaysia, 2008 N = 180
Mean
= 4.160
SD
= 0.717
Inoguchi (2006): study MM MM Plateau region 2008 Working aged (20-59), MM Plateau region, Myanmar, 2008 N = 250
Mean
= 3.660
SD
= 0.943
Inoguchi (2006): study MM MM Central region 2008 Working aged (20-59), MM Central region Myanmar, 2008 N = 250
Mean
= 3.712
SD
= 0.788
Inoguchi (2006): study MM MM Delta region 2008 Working aged (20-59), MM Delta region, Myanmar, 2008 N = 250
Mean
= 3.488
SD
= 0.882
Inoguchi (2006): study MM MM Hilly region 2008 Working aged (20-59), MM Hilly region, Myanmar, 2008 N = 250
Mean
= 3.556
SD
= 0.779
Inoguchi (2006): study PH Manila 2008 Working aged (20-59), Philippines, 2008 N = 250
Mean
= 4.236
SD
= 0.767
Inoguchi (2006): study PH Banance Luzon 2008 Working aged (20-59), Banance Luzon, Philippines, 2008 N = 250
Mean
= 4.344
SD
= 0.717
Inoguchi (2006): study PH Visayas 2008 Working aged (20-59), Visayas, Philippines, 2008 N = 250
Mean
= 4.120
SD
= 0.835
Inoguchi (2006): study PH Mindanao 2008 Working aged (20-59), Mindanao, Philippines, 2008 N = 250
Mean
= 4.104
SD
= 0.844
Inoguchi (2006): study TH Bangkok 2008 Working aged (20-59), City of Bangkok, Thailand, 2008 N = 300
Mean
= 3.829
SD
= 0.742
Inoguchi (2006): study TH Thailand Central 2008 Working aged (20-59),Thailand Central, Thailand, 2008 N = 191
Mean
= 4.156
SD
= 0.645
Inoguchi (2006): study TH Thailand North 2008 Working aged (20-59),Thailand North, Thailand, 2008 N = 137
Mean
= 4.037
SD
= 0.795
Inoguchi (2006): study TH Thailand North-East 2008 Working aged (20-59), Thailand North-East, Thailand, 2008 N = 258
Mean
= 4.000
SD
= 0.758
Inoguchi (2006): study TH Thailand South 2008 Working aged (20-59),Thailand South, Thailand, 2008 N = 114
Mean
= 4.060
SD
= 0.730
Guo & Shu (2009): study CN 2006 /1 20-69 aged general public, China, 2006 N = 2000
Mean
= 3.690
SD
= 0.890