Happiness Measures

Measures of Happiness: M-AO-?-mq-vt-*-b


Mixed: Affect + Overall (M-AO)
Time frame:
time frame not reported* (?)
multiple questions (mq)
Scale Type:
verbal scales transformed to same range (vt)
Scale Range:


Self report on 23 questions:

A  Using the 1-7 scale below, indicate your agreement right now with each of the items by placing the appropriate number on the line preceding that item. Please be open and honest in your responding.
   a  In most ways my life is close to ideal
   b  The conditions of my life are excellent
   c  I am satisfied with my life
   d  So far, I have gotten the important things I want in life
   e  If I could live my life over again, I would change nothing
   Answers rated:
   7  strongly agree
   6  agree
   5  slightly agree
   4  neither agree nor disagree
   3  slightly disagree
   2  disagree
   1  strongly disagree
   Name: Diener's Satisfaction With Life Scale (SWLS).
B  Indicate to what extend you feel this way ...
   a nervous
   b  distressed
   c  afraid
   d  jittery
   e  irritable
   f  upset
   g  scared
   h   ashamed
   i   guilty
   j  hostile
   k active
   l  determined
   m  inspired
   n  attentive
   o  proud
   p  strong
   q  interested
   1  very slightly or not at all
   2  a little
   3  moderately
   4  quite a bit
   5  extremely
  Name: Watson's PANAS. Time frame not reported
  Items "enthusiastic" and "alert" removed from original 20  item scale

Positive affect score PAS: k to t
Negative affect score NAS: a to j

Summation: (z-score A) + (z-score B:PAS) - (z-score B:NAS)

List of Studies Using this Measure

Study Population N Mean
Standard Deviation
Munzel et al. (2018): study US 2014 Facebook users, USA, 2014 N = 678
Sheldon et al. (2017): study ZZ 2015 Undergraduate students in Russia and USA, 2015 N = 598
= 4.640
Sheldon et al. (2017a): study ZZ 2014 Undergraduate students in Russia and USA 2014 N = 1184
= 4.800