Happiness Measures

Measures of Happiness: A-BW-?-mq-v-5-b


Affect: Balance (Watson et al PANAS) (A-BW)
Time frame:
time frame not reported* (?)
multiple questions (mq)
Scale Type:
verbal scale (v)
Scale Range:


Self report on 20 questions.

This scale consists of a number of words that describe different feelings and emotions. Read each item and mark the appropriate answer in the space next to that word. Indicate to what extend you feel this way

A  nervous
B  distressed
C  afraid
D  jittery
E  irritable
F  upset
G  scared
H  ashamed
I  guilty
J  hostile
K  excited
L  active
M  determined
N  inspired
O  enthusiastic
P  alert
Q  attentive
R  proud
S  strong
T  interested

Answer options:  
1  very slightly or not at all
2  a little
3  moderately
4  quite a bit
5  extremely

Negative affect score (NAS): (A to J)/10
Positive affect score (PAS): (K to T)/10
Affect Balance Score  (ABS): PAS - NAS

Name: Watson's PANAS (time version not reported)

List of Studies Using this Measure

Study Population N Mean
Standard Deviation
Sheldon & Lyubomirsky (2009): study US 2004 Participants in a happiness training, USA 200? N =
Sheldon & Lyubomirsky (2006): study US 2003 Psychology Students, USA, 2003 N =