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Happiness Measures

Characteristics

Code:
A-BW-cy-mq-v-5-f
Focus:
Affect: Balance (Watson et al PANAS) (A-BW)
Time frame:
last year (cy)
Mode:
multiple questions (mq)
Scale Type:
verbal scale (v)
Scale Range:
5

Description

Selfreport on 20 questions.

This scale consists of a number of words that describe different feelings and emotions. Read each item and mark the appropriate answer in the space next to that word. Indicate to what extend you felt this way during the past year?
A  nervous
B  distressed
C  afraid
D  jittery
E  irritable
F  upset
G  scared
H  exiled
I   ashamed
J   guilty
K  hostile
L  active
M  determined
N  inspired
O  enthusiastic
P  alert
Q  attentive
R  proud
S  strong
T  interested

Answer options:
1  very slightly or not at all
2  a little
3  moderately
4  quite a bit
5  extremely

Negative affect score (NAS): A to K
Positive affect score   (PAS): L to T
Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS - NAS

Name: Watson et al's PANAS ('past year' version)

List of Studies Using this Measure

Study Population N Statistics Mollenkopf & Kaspar (2005): study DE 2000 55+ aged, general public, rural areas, East and West Germany, 2000 N = 762
Mean
= 1.050
SD
= 0.250
Oswald et al. (2007): study ZZ Europe 2002 75-89 aged, living alone in urban districts, five European nations 2002-2004 N = 1918
Mean
= 2.920
SD
= 1.820