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Happiness Measures

Characteristics

Code:
A-BW-c-mq-v-5-a
Focus:
Affect: Balance (Watson et al PANAS) (A-BW)
Time frame:
currently (today, these days, presently) (c)
Mode:
multiple questions (mq)
Scale Type:
verbal scale (v)
Scale Range:
5

Description

Selfreport on 10 questions.

This scale consists of a number of words that describe different feelings and emotions. Read each item and mark the appropriate answer in the space next to that word. Indicate how often you feel this way in the present.
A  upset
B  hostile
C  alert
D  ashamed
E  inspired
F  nervous
G  determined
H  attentive
I   afraid
J   active

Answer options:
1  never
2  
3
4  
5  always


Computation: (C=E+G+H+J)/5 - (A+B+D+F+I)/5

Name: Watson et al's PANAS, International short form I-PANAS-SF

List of Studies Using this Measure

Study Population N Statistics Parks et al. (2012): study US 2006 Users self-help website, USA, 2006-07 N = 912
Mean
= 1.150
Reinecke & Trepte (2014): study DE 2010 Social media users,, Germany, followed 6 months, 2010-2011 N = 374
Mean
= 1.190
SD
= 0.400
Lee et al. (2011b): study KR 2006 University students, South Korea, 2011 N = 217