Happiness Measures

Measures of Happiness: A-BMc-cw-mq-v-4-a


Affect: Balance: McGreal 'Depres-Happ' (A-BMc)
Time frame:
last week (cw)
multiple questions (mq)
Scale Type:
verbal scale (v)
Scale Range:


Self report on 25 questions:

A number of statements that people have used to describe how they feel are given below. Read each one and circle the number that best describes how frequently that statement was true for you in the past seven days, including today. Some statements describe positive feelings and some describe negative feelings. You may have experienced both positive and negative feelings at different times in the past week.
A  I felt sad
B  I felt I had failed as a person
C  I felt dissatisfied with my life
D  I felt mentally alert
E  I felt disappointed with myself
F  I felt cheerful
G  I felt life wasn't worth living
H  I felt satisfied with my life
I   I felt healthy
J  I felt life crying
K  I felt I had been successful
L  I felt happy
M  I felt I couldn't make decisions
N  I felt unattractive
O  I felt optimistic about the future
P  I felt life was rewording
Q  I felt cheerless
R  I felt life has a purpose
S  I felt too tired to do anything
T  I felt pleased with the way I am
U  I felt lethargic
V  I found it easy to make decisions
W I felt life was enjoyable
X  I felt life was meaningless
Y  I felt run down

Answer options:
0  never
1  rarely
2  sometimes
3  often

Negative affect score (NAS): A, B, C,  E, G, J, M, N, Q, S, U, X, Y.
Positive affect score   (PAS): D, F, H,  I,  K,  L, O, P, R, T, V, W.
Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS - NAS + 39

Name: McGreal & Joseph 'Depression-Happiness Scale'  (DHS)

List of Studies Using this Measure

Study Population N Mean
Standard Deviation
Lewis et al. (1997): study GB 1995 University students, Northern Ireland, 1995. N =
Lewis et al. (1997): study GB 1995 /1 University students, Great Britan, 1995 N =
Lewis & Joseph (1996): study GB 1994 University Students, UK, 1994 N =
Lewis et al. (2001): study GB 1999 University Students, Northern Ireland, 1999 N =
Lewis (2002): study GB 2000 University students of Ulster, Northern Ireland. 2000 N =
Fabricatore et al. (2000): study US 1995 Students, religious affiliated college, USA, 199? N =
Cammock et al. (1994): study GB 1994 Students, UK, 1994 N =
Lewis & Joseph (1996a): study GB 1993 Students, Northern Ireland, 1993 N =
Lewis et al. (1999a): study GB 1999 Students, Northern Ireland and England, 1999 N =
Lewis & Joseph (1997): study GB Northern Ireland 1993 Female university students, Northern Ireland, followed 2 years, 1993-1995 N =
Lewis et al. (2000a): study GB 1998 Anglican priest and church members, North England, 1998 N =
Joseph et al. (1996): study GB 1995 18-48-aged students, Ulster, 1995 N =
Joseph & Lewis (1998): study GB 1996 18+ students, Ulster, UK, 1995 N =