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Happiness Measures

Characteristics

Code:
A-BK-u-mq-v-5-a
Focus:
Affect: Balance (Kamman's index) (A-BK)
Time frame:
time unspecified (u)
Mode:
multiple questions (mq)
Scale Type:
verbal scale (v)
Scale Range:
5

Description

Selfreport on 96 questions:

SENTENCES
Each of the sentences below describe a FEELING. Mark HOW OFTEN you had that feeling;
(Timeframe chosen by the subject: mostly past weeks.)
A    Nothing goes right with me
B    I feel close to people around me
C    I feel as though the best years of my life are over
D    I feel my life is on the right track
E    I feel loved and trusted
F    My work gives me a lot of pleasure
G    I don't like myself
H    I feel very tense
I     I feel life isn't with living
J     I am content with myself
K    My past life is filled with failure
L     Everything I do seems worthwhile
M    I can't be bothered doing anything
N    I feel I can do whatever I want to
O    I have lost interest in other people and don't care about
       them
P    Everything is going right for me
Q    I can express my feelings and emotions towards other
       people
R    I'm easy going
S    I seem to bee left alone when I don't want to be
T    I wish I could change some parts of my life
U    I seem to have no real drive to do anything
V    The future looks good
W   I become very lonely
X    I can concentrate well on what I'm doing
Y    I feel out of place
Z    I think clearly and creatively
AA  I feel alone
AB  I feel free and easy
AC  I smile and laugh a lot
AD  I feel things are going my way
AE  The world seems a cold and impersonal place
AF   I feel I've made a mess of things again
AG  I feel like hiding away
AH  I feel confident about decisions I make
AI    I feel depressed for no apparent reason
AJ   I feel other people like me
AK   I feel like a failure
AL   I feel I'm a complete person
AM  I'm not sure I'm done the Wright thing
AN  My future looks good
AO   I'm making the most out of my life
AP   Everything is going Wright for me
AQ   I feel unimportant
AR   I feel as though there must be something wrong with me
AS   I don't feel like making the effort to do anything
AT   I feel confident in my dealings with the opposite sex
AU   I want to hurt those who have hurt me
AV   The results I have obtained make my efforts worthwhile

ADJECTIVES
Each of the objectives below describe a FEELING. Mark HOW OFTEN you had that feeling;
A    Confident
B    Hopeless
C    Pleasant
D    Insignificant
E    Discontented
F    Healthy
G    Dejected
H    Annoyed
I     Down
J     Glad
K    Glowing
L   , Relaxed
M    Comfortable
N    Moody
O    Understood
P     Blue
Q    Miserable
R    Joyful
S    Tense
T     Insecure
U    Shaky
V     Satisfied
W    Safe
X     Successful
Y     Free
Z     Sad
AA  Good-natured
AB   Impatient
AC   Rejected
AD   Lively
AE   Frustrated
AF   Fearful
AG   Lonely
AH   Warm
AI     Contented
AJ    Good
AK   Secure
AL    Disappointed
AM   Understanding
AN    Depressed
AO    Low
AP    Calm
AQ    Unhappy
AR    Upset
AS     Empty
AT     Enthusiastic
AU     Happy
AV     Vibrant

Answer options:
0  not at all
1  occasionally
2  some of the time
3  often
4  all of the time

Summation:
- Positive Affect Score (PAS): mean positive items
- Negative Affect Score (NAS): mean negative items
- Affect Balance Score (ABS):  PAS minus  NAS

Possible range - 4  to  +4

List of Studies Using this Measure

Study Population N Statistics Kammann (1979): study NZ 1975 Working adults, Dunedin New Zealand, 1975 N = 88
Kammann (1979): study NZ 1976 /1 Adults, general public, Dunedin, New Zealand, 1976 N = 62